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“Standard” Australian English is the term used to refer to a derivative of a dialect, spoken in the southeast of the United Kingdom, which became the standard or basic English spoken in Australia. “The fact this dialect derivative became the language of formal education in Australia, a continent with once over 600 languages from 250 language groups, is not a matter of linguistics but a legacy of politics and power.” (Whitehouse, 2011, pg.59). This role of politics and power is visible in the diminishment of various indigenous languages throughout the world, including in Australia. When this diminishment of languages occurs, many related as well as the encompassing aspects of those languages including culture of the people, words and the context in which they are used, etc., are also lost. “Every language encapsulates its cultural knowledge with its own unique structures of grammar and vocabulary. To lose the beauty of the linguistic system is to inevitably lose some of the culture.” (Crace, 2002, pg.2).
Among the various aspects, which were lost due to the indigenous Australians’ use of Standard English, one is regarding how they used certain environment related words, particularly their meaning or sub-contexts. For the Aborigines, environment or nature is an integral part of their lives, with every aspect of environment intertwined with their day-to-day living. However, for the European colonists Nature is just a “uniform backdrop to the diversity of ‘our’ cultures [and] as an exploitable resource which cannot answer back” (Whitehouse, 2011, pg.58). Due to this differing perspective, Aborigines’ languages had words for the environmental things, which brought out the emotional attachment they had for those things. For example, in Djabugay language, “balmba” means habitable country– or wet woodlands in European terms -
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In this paper the reader will find that many social initiatives could in fact play a role in assisting the indigenous tribes to better circumstances. By recognizing the societal influences to poor health and death for the Australian aborigines exist and that medical solutions can certainly be found for many of their current problems, this paper will show the effectiveness of the combination of both schools of thought.
While some academics argued that labour markets were blind to social attributes such as ethnicity or immigrant status, others saw migrants as 'industrial cannon fodder', recruited to Australia to perform unskilled labour and confined to this role after arrival (Collins, 1991: 78-87).
He was the youngest child in a family of eight children and unfortunately, both his parents died when he was only seven years of age. From then on, Gilbert was brought up by his eldest sister. He managed to attend school but dropped out at age 14, just after completing his fifth grade.
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However, due to its growing use as a global language, English is employed more and more as a means of communication among non-native speakers of English (Gnutzmann, 2005, p. 24). This is why English teachers have come to encounter a variety of standard and non-standard varieties of the English language.
Thesis In spite of old beliefs and unique healing practices, the culture of Australian indigenous population has a negative impact on their health and rates of incurable diseases and deaths.
Australian indigenous population follows century old traditions which do not allow them to determine illnesses and find effective cures for most of them.
As health is implanted in the social preconditions of people’s lives, the importance in Indigenous health care should be imparted to one and all. A critical multicultural access brings out the cultural differences within the broader link of power relations. It
According to the paper debate on linguistic imperialism has taken effect especially focusing on the English language including its spread to different parts of the world. This paper discusses linguistic imperialism with special attention to English as an international language, and identifies the implications English imperialism has for teaching.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
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