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The author builds his hypothesis that some characteristics of modern language might seem to be “fossils” of the previous stages of evolution.
Jackendoff’s explanation of the use of symbols is presented in a complex manner where the actual purpose of the author is lost, according to me. He gives examples of different words uttered by a child and cites literature as the background of his discussion. He mentions that at a very early stage a child can distinguish between proper and common nouns. He then switches suddenly to use of situational one word and also single word answers which he perceives as “fossils” of the “one-word stage” of evolution of language. However the main essence of expression without syntax and yet symbolic meaning is not clearly expressed especially when he compares with the systematic yes and no utterances.
In certain instances the author himself does not seem to be clear about the reality and it is more of an opinion based approach when he thinks that the learning process of apes is like children initiating habit of reading and is quite effortful in nature. However one keen and realistic observation he makes here is the distinction between grammar and vocabulary learning. A person with good vocabulary might have lesser sense of grammar. The ability to imitate plays the important role here and here the author’s inference shows clarity and logical deduction.
The author brings up an interesting topic of word order which might affect the essence of communication. He however does not explain this more simplistically with the help of grammar and syntax. It is difficult to understand what the author is trying to point out in this section. Is he trying to say that communication or expression should follow grammar in modern system of language? He even brings in the cases of special children to whom learning signs is the only option to express them. So is grammar necessary when symbolic expressions or
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ved about being provided with medication for the syphilis in order to accept to be subjected to the research and this was based on the racist notion of the blacks being illiterate and primitive and would not unveil the deception. Furthermore, there were denied any real
His participant observation is what unveiled the unethical conduct police engage in when handling criminals and suspects ranging from physically abusing them, not reading or respecting their rights and even falsifying rap sheet reports.
The officers are taught to serve
He continues to state that the laws of the society were based on objectives, rather than relying on ideology and personal preference (Seidman 84). As such, science had helped the world to formulate laws that were
An examination of the term‘trial de novo’ reveals that the appreciation of a language requires one to understand its structure, logic and attitude.
The term ‘trial de novo’ refers to a new trial or a retrial of
esearch by the author who himself is believed to be one of the most significant and extant representative figures of Native American history and culture. During these thirty years, Deloria has substantially and persistently contributed to the understanding of the intricacies of
The principal idea that can be discerned from the first segment of this article is that traditional theories attempting to explain intelligence disparities in people are not conclusive. Departing from conventional explanations of intelligence, like