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Moral judgments of certain actions and things have created conflict of views from different people across the world (Pinker 1-2).
When it comes to decision-making, some people make judgments by rationalizing but they have no concrete explanation about the decision made. Other people use reasoning to explain why they have come up come up with certain decisions. According to Pinker (3-5), a group of neuroscientists has explained how different parts of a human brain assist them in reasoning and rationalization when making some decisions. By analogy, people possess universal moral senses that guide them to differentiate between right and wrong things. People show morality through the universal moral grammar they display when analyzing human actions even if the structure is different. However, the research conducted globally showed that moral judgments cannot be universal and the language used to express the opinions is not universal. People usually demonstrate varieties of molar experiences, these experiences revolve around five themes, and it depends on the environment they live.
Additionally, the five spheres of morality can make the moral sense to be a global factor but it can be different at the same in different communities depending on their culture. Reassignment of activities to different spheres can attract different opinions from different people depending on their cultural backgrounds. Pinker states (5-7) that when the research considers fairness in the moral sense, it emerges that most people do good things to other in return for a repayment but few people are naturally generous. Several people are selfish and that why the go to extents of amoralizing so things for their selfish gains and if such a norm continues it will demote morality to a figment.
To avoid degrading morality, people should be able to differentiate right things from the
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In addition, male aggression defends kin and the flock from predators or animals of prey. In competitions for females, the fittest, fiercest, most competitive, and most aggressive males will win the competition (Lippa 2005). Thus, nature facilitates natural selection and species survival.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the idea of betrayal is very clear revealed in the stated short stories, emphasizing the fact of human meanness, fears and flabbiness. Such literary works give people valuable lessons and push readers to reflect about significant values of own life.
As human civilization has passed through different stages, social norms have also changed through the years. However, the issue of morality as applied to specific human behavior and actions continues to be a subject of debate. Moralizing about a particular incident or action means interpreting and expressing moral judgments about that case.
The moral sense is as vulnerable to illusion as the other senses. It will often be confused by ideas of conforming to what others think is the right thing to do and the person’s status in the community. We tend to justify actions we take. Nobody wants to seem at fault, we tend to put ourselves on the side of angels.
The article states that morality is like a switch that people switch on and off as per the situation and it is within us. The article also states that people practice their moral behavior because they are afraid of punishments which are the consequences of immoral behavior and this pushes them to indulge in socially acceptable standards of the society.
DISTRIBUTION: The species can be found throughout the Atlantic northwest and central, ranging from Chesapeake Bay south towards Florida, to Campeche within the Gulf of Mexico area (Snelson 729). Populations of Atlantic stingrays are found in the St. Johns River system in Florida, where they are extensively studied since the 1980’s.
To be more specific, this essay intends to understand human way of thinking and the execution of activities considering different aspects. On the one side, it is Barry Schwartz who holds the opinion of altruism in human, the very nature of selflessness and a feeling of belonging for the other.
Morality demands that Julie and Mark not indulge in an incestuous act. But viewing their actions from a ethical egoist point of view they had taken all precautions, were in mutual consent, and keeping the event under supreme secrecy.
This paper also looks at challenges that were faced by the evolutionary psychologists such as the complexity of the mind. Various evolutionary psychological approaches are also analyzed. Their weaknesses as well as strengths are also given. Professional
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