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After things went sour with her marriage, she resulted to mere wish and prayer that her dear would die. “Not a day since then, I haven’t wished him dead” (Duffy web). The word “dead” represents dark imagery of Havisham’s desire to revenge her husband’s betrayal. Havisham also turns into prayer closing her eyes so tight making them sink inside and become like green pebble. In addition, she holds her hands so tightly together in prayer that they have formed sinews the size of a rope, which she virtualizes using to strangle her lover. Ropes on the back of my hands is metaphorical representing old age in that Havisham has allowed herself to stay with the grieve, anger, and poor emotions for many years, which has left her ageing. Havisham is responsible for her own misery in that she chooses to concentrate in the betrayal from her lover in a way that day in day out. She refuses to shower but remain in her stinking wedding dress considering killing her lover as a way of revenge.
Reading this poem leaves the audience sympathizing with Havisham. Her character represents famous people in her society who make decisions in life with great expectations, only to get disappoints from those they trust. Havisham calls her lover sweetheart and then a bastard portraying love and hatred. All she thinks of all day is to strangle, bite, bang, or stab her former lover. Bearing in mind Havisham former position in the society, it is inevitable to sympathise with the extent of her sinking. Use of the first person in the poem helps the audience to identify with the suffering. That is, the suffering could beget anyone in the society regardless of the status. A woman with class of her own previously and now cannot even shower? Havisham’s body stinks, her wedding dress that she will not change yellowing with dirt.
Havisham seems helpless, lost, and overtaken by confusion. She does not even
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Social status plays a key role in our lives, how society sees us matters a lot. Great expectations is a classic novel which dwells more into social status and how it affects our lives. More light will be thrown upon the same in the following part of the paper.
Charles Dickens had himself undergone many different transformations in his life, where he had seen many ups and downs, and thus the protagonist of the novel i.e. Pip is merely the portrayal of himself in a way. Dickens had seen quite a hard life himself after which he eventually achieved success, thus being at a lower place in the social spectrum he had developed a strong sense of class system and acquired the quality to judge people based on various traits which they seem to posses, thus he had conceived such characters based on his judgment (Jhonson pp 23).
This type of novel features the “psychological and moral” growth of hero from his earlier part of life to mature age. The protagonist of the story connects him with different “fields in life” till the achievement of “self-knowledge” which helps him to be in accord with the world outside him (4).
The novel is set in Victorian-era England, and the representation of women throughout the story is reflected as such. Although the women are stereotypically Victorian, they are also depicted in very masculine and dominating ways as seen through the eyes of the protagonist, Pip.
The novel deals with classic Dickensian themes of abuse of authority (Miss Havisham, Mrs. Joe, Publechook), the problems associated with an obsession with money and status, together with the general social inequalities of England.
In fact, these has been the struggle of Pip along the story when he tries to become a gentleman by educating himself and earning money through his talent since during that period the social stratification was deeply pronounced. There was almost no middle-class then, it is either you are poor or you are wealthy.
On the wedding day, her man, Compeyson forsook her, and she was unable to transcend that heartbreak. From that moment she behaved like a psychiatric patient. This is her bitter cry that marks the beginning of the poem and
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