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In the correction, responsibilities of prison are the safekeeping of inmates, maintenance and improving welfare of inmates. Safekeeping requires that inmates are controlled; securely locked away, while giving them some moments for recreation, counseling, and education. Despite welfare efforts, inmates feel dehumanized and suffer condemnation and rejection by society and as a result breed ill feelings. When subjected to solitary confinement, which is one of prison’s recourse, psychological effects results to “dissatisfactions in life, delusions, panic feelings, claustrophobia, depression and madness”. Imprisonment is a host to other related psychological problems that results to trauma, mental and physical illnesses to some. As of 2006, the Bureau of Justice System estimated that there are about 705,000 jailed persons who are mentally ill, and that its growing number affects the correction policy of the government(Pollard, Anita, n.d.)
Inmates receive health care while incarcerated, but the problem begins when they are released. Many of them, after spending years in prison are unemployed, have no means of livelihood, experience difficulties in reintegration to society, and lack health care insurance.
As psychological problems become statewide occurrences, and reintegration to society even becomes more difficult upon their release from prison, the government is looking for possibilities that they be covered by Medicaid to access health care. Likewise, as a standard procedure, inmates go into various forms of counseling and physical activities while in prison.
As trauma becomes a psychological problem by many of the inmates, researches have been done by medical practitioners on how to address psychological problems of inmates. Trauma, that has been tangled with experiences of mental illness, substance abuse, and behavioral problems often results to psychiatric disorder. (Wallace, B.C and
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The research centers on the criminal justice organization’s bureaucracy. Overall, the criminal justice organization effectively and efficiently implements the entire spectrum of criminal justice. In addition, bureaucracy maximizes the criminal justice organization’s efficiency. However, the line and staff organization reduces flexibility
The three main components of a criminal justice system include police, lawyers, and judges. Criminal justice system plays a significant role in reducing the occurrence of crimes and establishing peace in a country. Let us now discuss the concepts of disparity and discrimination in order to find out their relationship with the criminal justice system.
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What issues are most prominent with regard to staffing and stress related environments of correction, and office burnout? How do the court decisions affect the shift supervisor in the jail facility, and what would the reaction be if he expressed his opinion regarding the administration and inmate population?
This has seen an overhaul of approaches in community corrections, imprisonment, policing, adjudication and sentencing.
Children being brought up in areas prone to adult criminality are highly likely to experience behavioral problems
“ The Law enforcement Assistance Act (LEAA) of 1968 stated the federal government assistance to state and local government , as well as to academic institutions in the hope that increased study of crime , law enforcement and penology would result in decrease of
The courts of law, lawyers, judges, and the police are some of the organs used in the implementation of justice (Barkan and Bryjak 12). Without justice, a society will be exposed to confusion and chaos. Therefore, justice is an essential component
protecting the rights of the populace in any country while the due process model concentrates on making sure that the state protects the rights of the accused. Professor Herbert applies the criminal justice system of the United States of America in his analysis and quotes