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The theory of Adler would not be applicable for those families that have more than 3 children as there is nothing stated for middle children (Carducci, 156-60).
Independence is the main characteristic of the first-born children. Even if they were given the full attention of both parents upon birth, this will change once the second child is born. The attention that would be given by the parents would be divided between the 2 children. Much burden however can be felt by second born children as they are always in the shadow of the first born. There are signs of inferiority that were observed with second born children (Carducci, 156-60; Adler & Mairet, 96-110).
Being the youngest child has its positive and negative influences in its personality. Positive effects would be that the youngest child would feel more pampering as there are more people that surround them. The presence of the parents and the older siblings would create a blanket of comfort for the youngest child. This factor could also have negative effect on the child’s personality. Being the youngest in the family, there are quite a number of fulfillments that they need to overcome and to outshine the older siblings to prove his or her capabilities. Most of the times this creates the sense of discouragement in a child and be carried through once the person steps to adulthood (Carducci, 156-60).
There are families however that only has 1 child in the family. The only child theory states that these children do have the tendency to be pampered more and be accustomed of being the center of attention. Once this comfort and attention is not given to the child, there is a tendency of becoming more timid, passive and withdrawn. This is the total opposite of being the first born in a family with more than 1 child. The first born children are independent while the only child, though also a first born, is more withdrawn and dependent type of personality (Carducci, 156-60).
These theories may be used in trying
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Numerous studies had been conducted on the effect of birth order on the development of a person's core personality. Psychologists and scientists have studied the effects of birth order on the personal and professional accomplishments of the individuals.
Personality traits are present in all of us, but each theorist that we have studied has a different explanation as to how we acquire them. Some believe they are hardwired into us from birth, while others believe that we simply model behaviors from others, and still others will argue that we’re conditioned to act the way we do.
The research was motivated by an observation that Charles Darwin, who he considered not to be a genius had come up with a theory which others philosophers had sought after for so long. After researching for a long period, Sulloway believed that he had been able to unravel the puzzle why some individuals are able to ‘‘reject the conventional wisdom of their times’’.
Humans not only are unique but also they have universal personalities among themselves for instance self- efficacy, activity, and environmental influence. There are personality disorders that affect an individual’s relationship with others and portray them as against the order in society, for example, compulsion, and force.
Intelligent Quotient (IQ) refers to a measure of an individual’s intelligence/cognitive abilities in handling issues and situation that they come across in life. Previously IQ levels were established through the multiplication of the chronological years/Mental age by one hundred.
According to research carried out by many psychologists, there is a connection between birth order and various personality traits developed later in life by different people. This research however has received many controversies from other scholars. As the scholars came up with various findings, none of the theories had a general acceptance since each of them had its own limitations.