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In this novel, “William Faulkner portrays all of his themes in the actual human drama of the South” (Faulkner) the lack of communication, the poverty; ignorance and alienation are clearly engrained in the fabric of “As I Lay Dying.”
Throughout the novel, the theme of lack of communication and alienations are the key factors for each and every character. The very nature of existing side by side with people is to communicate with each other for a better understanding. Lack of communication is one of the most common universal problems shown in As I Lay Dying. In the novel the characters methods of communicating with each other are many and vary. In most cases it depends on the characters relationships with one another. The characters do not communicate effectively with one another which lead to many confusion heartache and alienation. In the novel, the characters don’t always communicate with words, but they sometimes communicate through unspoken words. The communication between Dewey and Darl is often unspoken yet powerful. Yet part of Dewey Dell hates for this closeness: "And thats why I can talk to him with knowing with hating because he knows" (Faulkner 23). Darl feels that the words which he speaks, and yet words, his words, can be seen as “…just a shape to fill a lack…” (Faulkner 172) with the lack of communications, the characters can only guess at the motivations, beliefs, and feelings of others. This results in misunderstandings and alienation with each other. As a result of this communication gap, the Bundren family lives an alienated life from each other. In his interview in 1959 Faulkner said about his character, "His tragedy is the impossibility-or at least the tremendous difficulty-of communication. But man keeps on trying endlessly to express himself and make contact with other human beings" (Faulkner).
In the novel, Faulkner depicts the harsh reality of living in the south with empathy and grace but,
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The way Faulkner develops his characters, through 59 chapters, and each character through his or her perspectives revealing something about the others, shows his adeptness in the use of literary devices to narrate the story. Generally, writers apply various strategies such as symbolism, imagery, metaphors and similes etc in their works for the purpose of unfolding their story, without having to narrate it in a straightforward manner.
Both works explore women who are outside of the roles placed on them through marriage as being alienated from the rest of the community. Williams makes a very definitive point through the character of Blanche about how tragedy displaces a person. Even as he writes with some contempt towards her constructed life, he uses Stanley as a way of balancing her hopeful dreams against the starkness of reality.
Darl, who comes into view early as the novel's vital narrator, is expressive but considered strange by his family and neighbors. He finishes up being put into an asylum, with his older brother Cash mulling over definition of "insane." Appraising "truth" turns out to be an equally tricky enterprise, with Faulkner portraying a truth as mutable and vicious as the river the Bundrens cross midway through the novel.
Faulkner uses multiple narrators which helps him to bring objectiveness to the novel, and uncover the major themes. Each chapter has the name of a particular member of the family who tells his or her story through the frame of personal complexes and misfortune.
With each chapter the reader is moved into a slightly new context-that of the mindset of the currently speaking character. This has the effect of delivering different, and even conflicting, interpretations from the different characters. The many conflicting emotions and interpretations serve to enliven the story.
ovel which epitomizes stream of consciousness literature, As I Lay Dying is narrated through the voices of fifteen different characters with Darl emerging as Faulkner’s most complex creation.
Darl narrates most of the first section of As I Lay Dying and by doing so the reader
Despite their age, they had me in their care and did it to the best of their ability. Although all of them seemed struck by my sickness, I noticed that my eldest son was more affected than the others were. Whenever we talked, one could
Nevertheless, the contrary interpretation of Shakespeare’s views on women and the way in which he represented them can also be drawn from several of the plays that he was responsible for authoring. For instance, nontraditional gender roles and actions are
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