We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Xala by Sembene Ousmane - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
The aim that this study has to fulfill is the examination of Xala, the novel by Sembene Ousmane. This novel saw the light of the day in the 1970s. Senegal attained independence in the1960 and a host of problems awaited the administrators of the country…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Xala by Sembene Ousmane

Download file to see previous pages... “Xala” articulates the emerging African world, freed from the rule by France. Once the colonial powers exploited the African people; now it is the turn of the rich and the influential to continue with that legacy. The protagonist in the novel El Hadji Abdou Kader Beye is an associate of the forum of businessmen of the country who have joined together to take charge of the country’s economy and apparently to check the inflow of foreign capital. That was just a superficial act. Such businessmen were hand in glove with the foreign businessmen even after the country attained independence. Their disposition was only for public consumption and to mislead the gullible people of the country. The newly formed coterie, of which El Hadji was involved, used approaches and principles identical to that of the colonial businessmen whose place they had occupied. For aggrandizement of power and wealth, they employed corrupt and dubious methods. The colonial powers had left behind them a poor Senegalese economy with weak infrastructure. The societal norms were still guided on non-traditional lines with unequal relationships between the two genders. El Hadji intelligently clubs the tenets of Islam to his business goals. Means are of no consequence to him for profiteering and being a Muslim, his status symbol is the number of wives he owns and their palatial houses. His manipulation of the tenets of Islam does not yield good results in the long run and the law of divine retribution works to undo his ill-gotten wealth. The author has something stunning to reveal about the male/female relationships in the country where majority of the people practice Islam. Muslim women are not powerless, as articulated by the Western scholars and sociologists, but while remaining within the four walls of the house, they exercise power in their unique style and dominate men. The gender relations El Hadji’s wives are not quiet and submissive women. The author also introduces another strong woman, Yay Bineta. El Hadji’s third marriage transpires not because he wants it, but on account of the guile of Yay Bineta. El Hadji submits to her manipulations and is compelled to accept her judgment into marrying. The author writes, she "did battle with [El Hadji] in the ancient, allegorical language preserved by custom."(7) During the arguments and counterarguments her feminine viciousness and biting language is liberally employed and she chides him that he is scared of women. His bravado is just an exhibition for showing to the outside world and she castigates him that his wives wear trousers within the house. Such observations must have hurt the ego of El Hadji. Thus the author succinctly argues that the Muslim men in Senegal are the tools in the hands of their wives and they dance to their tunes. Women in Muslim families are generally figured out as humble servants confined to the four walls of the house and they have no freedom whatsoever. They may be restricted when they go out of house on special occasions accompanied by husband or any other male member, but inside the house their rule prevails. The depiction by the western historians is faulty and women are not meek and obedient. El Haldji commands his wives, but their reactions cannot be taken for granted. His wife number two, Oumi N”Doye is a skillful manipulator and she has perfected the art of torturing him mentally and gets her demands fulfilled from him. El Haldji is just the supporter of the three families and he does not enjoy their genuine affection and his bunch of children invariably greets him to demand money. His energies are spent in managing his business and more so his families. When in the end he suffers losses in business his wives desert him. His wife number one stays with him till the end. By depicting the life of El Haldji, the author depicts the societal conditions ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Third Cinema-
This specific aspect can be seen best through Ousmane Sembene’s films of “Xala I The Cure” and “Moolade.” Both of these films depict the ideals of Third Cinema and become a representation not only of film as an art and expression, but also as a way to enforce social change within the country.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Term Paper
“To paddle one’s own canoe” is not meant to be taken as literally as I would often do in a huff, but it means to find out your own way of solving a problem instead of depending on other people to find a solution for you. In my house therefore, if you wanted a new cellphone or a hair straightener or a guitar, anything, you would have to devise your own plans on how to raise the money for it.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Topical summery of the movie Moolaade
Moolaade was the first film that he made outside the borders of Sembene. The technical crew which included camera, lighting and sound was French and the set designer was from Benin. The production managers belonged to Burkina Faso and other machinists belonged to Senegal.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Close-Reading Xala
Sembene explains the conditions of the African society in depth and reveals the atrocities that persisted in Africa even after the period of colonization was over. The story revolves around the life of El Hadji Abdoukader Beye. El Hadji is a rich, Muslim businessman having an influential role in the city of Dakar in Senegal where he lives.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
African history- railway strike in west French Africa
Indeed, colonialism brought an enormous gap in the social stratification and general structures of leadership within the African nations. Consequently, the African natives devised techniques and strategies of denouncing the colonial leadership. The chauvinistic colonial leaderships had oppressive impacts on the African natives.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Ousmane Sembene's cinema
He regularly made use of nonprofessional actors and wrote the script in various African languages. As an intellectual interested in conveying his message to the socially disadvantaged masses, especially given the high rate of illiteracy in Senegal and the African continent, cinema was a great and effective choice.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Essay
Through his works, Ousmane highlighted and addressed the themes of the history of colonialism, the failings of religion, the critique of the new African bourgeoisie, and the
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Contemporary film theory
Third cinema is a type of filmmaking that explores the reality of the situation that is being presented, rather than an idealized version of the truth that people may find more acceptable to for viewing. The
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Ousmane Sembene Black Girl
its themes of racism, critique of class society, suppression of African women, and loss of cultural identity, by exploring the life of Diouana, the featured female protagonist. Diouana is a Senegalese lady, who migrates from her country to France with the hope of making a
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Private law
Just like Luna, the whale begun to interact with humans with an intention of building a relationship. The whale was rescued and taken back to her pod in Johnstone strait that was considered her home waters. The
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Mrs. Benson is working with the Educational Diagnostician, Mrs. Ringo, to evaluate assessment techniques that she can use with her elementary students in writing instruction. Mrs. Benson seeks to use a range of assessment techniques to set appropriate ins
A number of tests and examination systems are devised on globally but IELTS is the most recognized and accepted type of evaluation test. Individuals with English as a secondary
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Essay on topic Xala by Sembene Ousmane for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us