Download file to see previous pages...
Sembene has used his life to reveal the period of transition in Africa shedding light upon the corruption and greed that persisted in the African society. The story commences from the success of El Hadji and ends at the note where he is humiliated owing to his own acts and wrongdoings. El Hadji lived a life of pride and attained financial successes even through wrong means to fulfill his greed. He lived a lavish life and had two wives named Adja Awa Astou and Oumi N’Doye respectively. But he decided to marry a third woman, N'Gone and this was a matter of pride for him as he believed this symbolized his manhood and his capability of fulfilling the demands of three wives both physically and financially. His first two wives are not very happy with this decision but to uphold the African traditions of submissiveness for women, they obey his command and attend his wedding ceremony. El Hadji is very happy with his marriage but his marriage proves to be the commencement of his downfall. He is unable to consummate his marriage owing to the loss of potency on the first of his marriage. On the path of attaining the cure for his problem, he loses his wealth and he is deserted by his wives as well except for Awa. He is looked down upon by his colleagues who also leave him and continue with their financial projects. It is later that El Hadji finds out that he lost his potency owing to “xala” which was a curse of impotency that was spelled on him by a beggar as he had been unfair and had unjustly taken over the piece of land of the beggar. The only way that remained for him to regain his manhood was by taking off his clothes and by being spit by all the beggars. The author has interwoven the happenings in the life of El Hadji to reflect upon the wrongdoings in the African society. El Hadjis first wife is a traditional African woman who sticks by him till the end. She is submissive and follows the commands of her husband. Her character reveals the strength of an African woman who is patient and loyal. She converses with her husband in Wolof revealing that she wills to uphold the tradition of the African society. Their daughter Rama is used by the writer to portray the new generation of Africa who knew that they had fought their way out of colonialism and had to work towards upholding their culture and traditions. She was a strong character who argued with his father against his wrongdoings and atrocities. She also talked with her father in Wolof and did not wish to utilize the French traditions and products until and unless needed. It is seen that despite of her disapproval for her father’s acts, she still loved her father which is revealed when she stands by him and converses with the police officer when the beggars at their house for the ritual of spitting El Hadji for regaining his manhood. She also cries on seeing her father being disgraced. Africa was in a transitional phase and Oumi who is El Hadji’s second wife symbolizes as a character that is stuck between the French and the African traditions. Oumi is not patient and devoted like Awa. She highly disapproves of El Hadji’s third marriage. She was not completely over the French period of colonialism and preferred using their language and dressing. She adopted a more western style and her character denoted the existence of the French remnants in the African society. Oumi is materialistic and leaves El Hadji during his period of downfall and
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The narrator has learnt that he will have to suffer from the consequences of his actions in the long run. Though he calls himself a fool, he learns that his mistakes will give him the power to lead his life without repeating them. Now he has matured into a fine young man.
Nick, though more watchful and diffident and suffering from the ravages of his father's neglect, has very destructive behavioural patterns; albeit these patterns are presented as much milder than his father's. Olivia Thirlby is Nick's one-time lover, closest friend, and co-worker who also witnesses Nick's struggle with moral addictions.
In a factious manner, Clark spells out how one of the best reports from America is sent to check on research findings on moon where scientific research and exploration has been going on. However, on reaching the moon, he notices a difference in the reaction and reception he receives from the community living there, majority of who are the scientific explorers.
By creating a contrast between the two different time periods he manages to gain the reader’s attention. He starts off by explaining what the woman looks like at present paying close attention to minute prominent details of her face and goes on to describe her past.
s the capacity of engaging a reader to understand how dealing with circumstances brought by the lack of proper economy manages to bring the presumably weak man to learn the essence of sensible living. Written in the language and tone of a common man in first person viewpoint,
He admits that he is too nervous and not mad. In order to justify, he argues that a madman cannot narrate incidents with such a precision and says, “The disease had sharpened my senses --not destroyed --not dulled them” (Poe). He even claims that he could hear
This irony inherent in the title of the poem is effectively used by the poet to convey the frustration of the protagonist as he repeatedly fails to strike a passionate bond with others. The poem also seems to be a dramatic monologue. One finds
There is an instance of personification. In this poem, the poet is a gun which has been given human characteristics. The gun has been given the attributes of human characteristics in the entire poem as there are instances where
It moves there with tantalising speed and makes one a bard. This is true of the relationship between Von Aschenbach and Tadzio. With the first strike of love, Aschenbach’s heart is never the same forever, though he intelligently tries to sweep his true feelings for Tadzio
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Close-Reading Xala for FREE!