We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

How stuff work - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
OIL-EATING BACTERIA Name: Institutions name: An oil eating bacteria does exactly what its name suggests that is it eats oil. It is not a naturally occurring bacterium at all and cannot be found in nature. It is in fact a product of genetic engineering. In fact this invention or product is not only well known for its utility but is the first genetically modified living organism that was granted a patent by the U.S which subsequently enabled other genetically modified products to become eligible for patent grants…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
How stuff work

Download file to see previous pages... This invention came into the limelight immediately because it was the key in solving one of the biggest environmental challenges-Oil spills and was concept of bioremediation since no harmful chemicals or other products were employed. Oil spills always have a catastrophic effect on the marine ecosystem as well as those who depend on the marine ecosystem .such as birds, fishing industry and tourism industry. The toxic oil stuck to the bird’s feathers prohibiting them from flying and has serious effects on the marine life as well. Until the invention of these microbes the cost of cleaning up the oil was extremely high. Using techniques such as dispersants or mechanical skimming cost almost $7,350 per metric ton of oil. Often oil was spilled in the middle of the ocean where logistics posed a great problem and in most cases only a mere 20% of the oil spilled could be cleaned up. However the invention of these oil-eating microbes have been a boon to mankind since these microbes make the cleaning up process practical, rapid and environment friendly. Production of Oil eating Bacteria Oil especially crude oil is composed of hydrocarbons. Many bacteria and fungi have the natural capability of breaking down oil into carbon dioxide and water however none of the naturally occurring bacteria could degrade all the components. While working with microbes he recognized the fact that microbial metabolism could be used for the process of bioremediation. Recombinant DNA technology also known as RDT is the technology used by biotechnologists and genetic engineers to transfer DNA or genetic material from one cell to another with the help of vectors or carrying bodies such as plasmids. Certain bacterial strains already bore the gene which encodes for specialized enzymes. These specialized enzymes have the capability of degrading oil, nullifying their toxicity and turning them into harmless products. Using recombinant DNA technology, Professor isolated the genes from these microbes and integrated them into the vector plasmid DNA machinery. These plasmids were then integrated into strains of Pseudomonas bacteria. These genetically engineered bacteria were now made capable of producing enzymes on their own which could degrade oil and render them harmless. Working principle The entire working principle of the oil degrading microbes is based on the study of enzymes. The enzymes help the bacteria in obtaining their carbon from the oils. Once these microbes are put into the water containing oil, their only source of carbon is the oil on the water surface. The bacteria which can produce oil-degrading enzymes start production and utilizes the degraded oil as its energy resource. Hydrocarbon degrading enzymes such as alkane hydroxylase, catechol dioxygense are some of the enzymes that are encoded by the genes of some naturally occurring oil0degrading bacteria and which have been genetically transferred into Pseudomonas strain enabling the latter to break down a wide variety of oil components (Peixoto et al,2011, p.2). The bacteria proliferates at the site of oil spill since large quantities of carbon resource is available. Problems ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
HOW TO MAKE STUFF
DIY DIY is an abbreviation for “Do It Yourself”. It is a term that describes building; modifying, repairing or creating something without the aid of professional help. It refers to self-help and building objects of convenience using daily life objects and hardware that is easily available in the market.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
How Do Dreams Work
A fascinating feature of dreaming is in the event where it is believed in the moment of the dream and that all aspects of the surrealistic events are accepted as possible and truly occurring (Hobson, 2005). Dreams have many levels of inquiry, which include everything from the scientific to the mystical.
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
The Stuff of the Universe Book Review
Rees delves into the fundamental reasons of the origins of the cosmos and the life on the planet earth in an engrossing and elaborate manner. The primary objective of this book appears to be to extend to the mankind an analysis and understanding of the man’s essential relationship to and place in the cosmos.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
How telecommunication has shaped the work place
As one searched on more accurate definition of the term, the search engine came up with more than 60.1 million results in a matter of 0.24 seconds (Google, 2013). One simple definition indicated that it is the “is the exchange of information over significant distances by electronic means” (Rouse, 2007, par.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
RECOVERY OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS (PGMs) FROM SCRAPPED FUEL CELLS
Nearly 2/3 of the oil American consumes on a daily basis is for transportation only. Consuming oil and other fossils fuels for energy produces pollutants. Emission concerns have been in the limelight a lot presently. Therefore, it is in the best awareness for everybody to find an option too combusting fossil fuels for energy production.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
How Does Internet Work
The Internet which is today one of the most popular and important element of human life is a system that comprises of several computer networks that are connected with each other with the assistance of standard internet protocol suite and is there to serve a huge amount of population. Internet came into existence during the period of 1969.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
How Stuff Works
However, a lot of time has been taken involving different sequential, impediments use of technology in getting the best, faster and latest printout (How stuff works, 2013). The computer printer which is available in almost every homestead has taken engineer and designers almost a century to adjust availability to all the potential users who may need them for the daily production of documents (How stuff works, 2013).
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Refrigerator, how does it work
On their part, majority of households are now focused at storing their food including the perishable ones to ensure that they have regular supply of food even during the hot whether or cold seasons when such products are scarce. Refrigeration is the process through which heat is removed from an item thus lowering its temperature.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
How to apply motivation in the work place
Employee retention which is one of the main problems usually faced by the firms can be reduced or altogether eliminated if there is a scientific process of employee motivation put in place to recognize the effort. Whatever may be the macroeconomic environment, the goal should be creating a workplace which would engage the employees and motivate them to contribute more towards the company out of their own wish (Bradley and Frederic, 1997).
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
How well does insurance contract regulation work
There are two parties involved, the insurer which is the insurance company proffering or selling the insurance and the insured, widely known as policyholder, an entity or a person buying the insurance policy. The payment settled out for the insurance policy according to the
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic How stuff work for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us