How does power of Higher Authority manifest in Antigone by Sophocles and Another Antigone by A.R.Gurney? Almost two and a half millennia separate the ancient Greek version of Antigone (attributed to Sophocles) and its modern adaptation written by A.R. Gurney…
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The modern adaptation for theatre by A.R. Gurney offers an interesting contextualization of heroine Antigone’s fight against authority. In both the cases, the theme is the same, one of confrontation of the individual will against a powerful authority figure. In Sophocles’ Antigone, this antagonist was Creon the King. In Gurney’s play it is the Professor in Classics Department George Henry Harper. But the nature of struggle of the two heroines is the same. This essay will argue that the depiction of the power of Higher Authority is crucial to the dramatization and moral deliberation of the two plays. Professor Henry Harper is equated to the all powerful Creon of Sophocles’ conception. To match with his role as an intimidator Harper is given a grizzly white beard by author Gurney. The University of Boston and its hierarchy of administrators provide the power structure for Another Antigone, with Henry Harper assuming a key position of power within in the Department of Classics. He is a tragicomic character in an academic environment that is struggling with reduced government funding and decreasing student enthusiasm. It is in this backdrop that Judy Miller plays out her tryst with power. (Diski 49) Miller, a candidate for valedictorian, presents her bold reworking of Antigone in blank verse form in the place of a formal term paper. Taken aback by this disrespect for rules, the professor exclaims “Another Antigone!" in reference to both the work being presented and its author. At this point a antagonistic position of the rebellious student and her convention respecting professor is established. In Sophocles’ Antigone, by contrast, the confrontation between Antigone and her uncle Creon (the ruler of Thebes) begins with the demise of her two brothers Eteocles and Polyneices. Since Creon was on the side of Eteocles during the combat between the two brothers, he decrees to honor him in death. In sharp contrast he decrees that Polyneices be left rotting in the battle field sans a proper burial. This is the highest form of punishment in ancient Greek and its evocation is a measure of Creon’s hostility toward Polyneices. (Botton 20) In Creon’s own view, what legitimizes his decree is his authority as the supreme ruler of Thebes. He performs very little moral deliberation before setting his order to execution. It is unfair to compare Creon with Gurvey’s Harper, for the latter is not so much arrogant as formal and conservative. Henry Harper’s power in the University is nowhere near equal to that wielded by Creon, the emperor of Thebes. Hence, although the two authority figures share a position of prestige and power, their personalities and purviews are very different. The overbearing undergrad Antigone, Ms. Miller, has “as great an irrational self-confidence in her thespian powers as Shakespeare's Bottom, and when Henry Harper, that old Creon, refuses to give her play at least a B, she launches a campaign against him, including charges of anti-Semitism, that leads to a proper catastrophe.” (Disch 174) But in Sophocles’ classic, Polyneices’ beloved sister Antigone is a balanced, intellectual and humane person (as evidenced from allusions in the play). Her love for her brother impels her to bury him properly. Though this action would invoke the wrath of Creon and jeopardize her life, her humanity and love supersedes all other considerations. Antigone believes that though she may die as a consequence
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The letter addressed the issues of the Negroes of the Alabama state and the reasons for his intervention. The King’s relentless efforts to end segregation, racism and unjust held him directly responsible for stirring up the black for protests and demonstrations, which occasionally led to his arrest.
Weather to break the law or to stay a law-abiding citizen and leave her brother to have eternal sufferings. Antigone is an ancient Greek tragedy written by Sophocles in 442 BC. It is one of the tragedies belonging to three Theban plays. The plot gives an outline of the two opposing nations headed by blood brothers.
He was the third-born to Jacques Tounant-Beauregard and Helene Judith, who was an offspring within the lineage of an Italian Noble family that had moved to Louisiana, after settling in France for some time. Beauregard acquired his education from the New Orleans private schools and later at a New York City French school.
The author states that Kant progressed the ideology of formulation of international treaties to enhance international understanding and exchange of idea. In his view, he argued that wars result from the lack of nations to terminate war-triggering factors like unbalanced sharing of resources, like water or minerals.
In the face of strict laws developed by her uncle, Creon, Antigone feels morally obliged to bury her dead brother according to God's laws. Antigone is convinced that she has to follow God's laws and care for her brother's body. According to laws of the state everyone who obeys them are condemned to death.
This is technically breaking the law since it was not permitted, I decided to partake of the measures because I believe in the cause and necessity that the grievances should be aired and be made known. Sometimes, there will be instances for mundane things that we see everywhere.
The law of nature and the will of God (i.e., God’s will over man’s will) take precedence in the final consequences of the actions of the characters in this play.
Creon the ruler of Thebes was warned by Tiresias to change his mind over
She is extremely brave and believes that women and men are equal. She sees women as strong people and should be treated with fairness and equity. On the other hand, Creon appears to be very cruel, selfish and self-centered
The ancient Greek play Antigone, written around 442 BC by the famous dramatist Sophocles, has become one of the world’s classics and has been widely published, performed and adapted in many languages and formats across the world. It is a memorable play, characterized by a background of death and destruction, and the strong figures of Antigone and Creon.
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