Privatization of Prisons Private prisons are facilities that confine convicted criminal through a third party that signed a contract with the government to earn profits. Privatization of prisons could be through transformation of public prisons to private or construction of new profit oriented prison facilities…
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Private prisons purpose was to house inmate thus reduce congestion in public prisons then paid by the government using taxpayer prison revenue. Despite privatization being profit generation source, private prisons have benefits and disadvantages to the public and prisoners. As a result, the essay will deduce and come up with the judgment on whether the government should embrace private prisons or abolish the idea. Positively, private prisons reduce congestion of prisoners in public prisons in United States. Mason indicates that many public prisons in America house inmate more than the required number because of lack of an alternative place to keep the criminals (4-7). For instance, some of California prisons facility have about 300, 000 prisoner compared to the required number of 170,000 prisoners. Additionally, such high numbers of prisoners hinders effective rehabilitation of prisoners because of lack of sufficient rehabilitation space, tools, and personnel found in the prisons. For this reason, the federal and state government adopting the idea of private prisons was important. This will reduce the congestion in public prisons and ensure effective rehabilitation of all the prisoners hence curbing the level of prison violence. Private prisons served as a cost effective method in the budget of federal and state government in the United States. ...
Mason posits that states with higher number of private prisons enjoy lower cost of housing prisoners in the state (8-10). Therefore, with abundant prison facilities in United States, criminal rate may reduce in most states. This is because there will be no waste of time in delay of convicting criminals because of lack of space in public prisons. However, private prisons also have several disadvantages. There are high reports of violence and mistreatment of prisoners in private facilities. Most private prisons have limited incentives that could curb recidivism and violence among prisoners (American Civil Liberties Union 23). Moreover, most private prisons focuses on profit creation and not the safety and decent living of the prisoners hence hindering the process of rehabilitation and accelerating violence level among prisoners. In addition, the management team in private prisons may not have sufficient training personnel to handle cases of violence and recidivism hence, becoming a threat in the rehabilitation of prisoners. Thus, such reasons may inhibit the number of prisoners admitted in private prisons while may affect the profit generation goal of the private prison. Despite the private prison goal being profit generation to the public and shareholders, most private prisons experience limited profits level. The amount of profit earned causes the private prisons to overlook the intensity of training the prison security personnel (American Civil Liberties Union 20-22). Therefore, this affects the way in which the private prison personnel may handle rude prisoners and curb the level of prisoners escaping experienced in from private prisoners. Moreover, the surrounding community may not benefit from the revenue gained by the private prison in town. Hence,
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(Privatization of Prisons Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Privatization of Prisons Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1489613-privatization-of-prisons.
American prison system. The American prison system History. While United States of America has the largest corrections system in the world, the history of its prisons and jails goes back to the British prison system. However, the corporal punishment was largely absent in the old correction system and “bridewells”, as prisons in UK were called during 18th century.
In the state of Texas, the private prisons have been successful in generating profits and improving productivity and at the same time, maintaining law and order. However, because of the shortage of offenders, the state has to deal with empty cells and decreased profitability.
In this paper, the author approaches this complex issue by examining the moral grounds upon which both sides of the argument may rest. By looking at the relevant ethical frameworks, a more conceptual approach towards the problem may be demonstrated. The discussion proceeds by presenting the arguments for and against the privatization of jails, and then followed by an examination of the moral principles that may serve to strengthen the said arguments.
The basic motive of this paper is to show all the factors that are causing an inflationary shift in the numbers of inmates, a pattern projected to continue into the foreseeable future. These factors include the recent emphasis placed on controlling illegal immigration, the crackdowns resulting from this lead to the swelling up of correctional facilities.
Increase in population escalates economic disparity due to strained resources (Reisig & Pratt, 2004). This causes a form of social aggressiveness that leads to crime. Legal factors are as a result of policy with a country or region. Actions considered “normal” in the past are now illegal; for instance, the smoking and possession of marijuana in some American states is illegal in contrast with the Red Indian period (Shefer & Liebling, 2008).
To a great extent such aspirations are valid, considering the fact that various researches and papers have time again decried the inefficiency, financial irregularities and the lack of accountability rampant in the state run facilities and institutions. Besides the privatization of the public institutions leaves the governments less burdened, thus leaving them with ample time and resources at their disposal, to take care of more pressing responsibilities and obligations.
However, the whole idea failed when it turned out that prisoners were actually used as slaves and the practice came down to a story of political corruption and inmate abuse. So, surely, the common conclusion would be that incarceration and punishment of criminals, the physical liberty deprivation and even deprivation of life itself, should not be amendable to private sector involvement.
The number of prisoners is increasing on daily basis exceeding the prison space that can hold the prisoners. Considering that there are states where the bed capacity has been exceeded by almost double the number of prisoners, it becomes important to evaluate the issue of privatization of the prisons.
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