This paper "Hydraulic Fracturing For Natural Gas - Gasland" focuses on a documentary that highlights the impact of hydraulic fracturing for natural gas which allegedly contaminates drinking water. The narrator and director, Josh Fox, traveled to different states. …
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One of the rhetorical strategies used in the documentary was the manner by which the narrator gathered pieces of evidence from people through verbal communication or speech. Through the journey, Josh Fox had interviewed an estimated number of about 20 individuals who were directly affected by the gas wells; and about 5 experts in the fields of environmental protection, public service, quality specialists, medical practitioner, and representative of the Environmental Protection Agency. The manner by which these individuals and experts provided testimonies to their verbal disclosures viably supported their arguments that since the oil and gas wells were drilled in their respective properties, their drinking water had been seriously contaminated. Aside from relaying the information verbally, most of the testimonies provided pieces of evidence in terms of showing the kind of water collected from their faucets; and even proving that when lit, water from the faucet ignites into flame. Likewise, some of the people who were interviewed explicitly indicated the negative impact of these wells; such as Debbie May who relayed that the drinking water initially tasted like metal and turned into murky brown. In addition, she also showed that her cat and horse exhibited shedding of their hair, as a result of being exposed to these gas wells. Thus, the people who provided verbal discourse were effective in appealing both through logic (through visual support) and emotions (by indicating health hazards and conditions which were experienced); as such, were effective in providing the needed proof to substantiate their allegations that the gas well was detrimental to their lives. Another rhetorical strategy used by Fox was the selection and choice of sound. It was evident that Fox was able to creatively incorporate background music, the sounds of machines, the sounds of the wind or water from the streams, the sound of children playing, and even an intermittent sound of silence. For instance, the documentary started with Fox playing the banjo and the end of the documentary also showed a man playing a musical instrument, which effectively integrates the whole creative work. Also, the sounds of the telephone ringing, the busy tone, and the background music of the answering machine were very effective in relaying the message that the narrator had been trying to collect different people and organizations to set the needed interviews for the documentary. These sounds and background music were all effective in appealing to the emotions of viewers. Sound and music provide an enhancing ability to emphasize an argument or a point being asserted. Likewise, background music, for instance, was instrumental in bridging one completed scene and used to transcend into a new issue or concern. The sounds actually enhanced and emphasized the arguments, as needed. Finally, the narrator also used the rhetorical strategy of visuals. Aside from the scenery and the people who were interviewed, visuals also included graphics through stating relevant quotes, such as “water, water everywhere and not a drop to drink” (Moldovan) written in bold, white face and in all capital letters against a totally black background. In addition, graphics assisted in identifying the people who Fox interviewed, some with appropriate designations; such as Dr. Al Armerdariz, the Air Quality Specialist and Researcher at Southern Methodist University; Calvin Tillman, the Mayor of Dish, Texas; Wilma Subra, Chemist, First Responder, and MacArthur “Genius Award” Recipient; to name a few.
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“Hydraulic Fracturing For Natural Gas - Gasland Essay - 7”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1485545-rhetorical-analysis.
The process of hydrofracking is also not good for the environment and it leads to unbalancing of the lower rocks and the upper rock structure. This study is very important in knowing the effects of hydrofracking and the possible solutions that can be made from these problems as shale has been the source of natural gas for many years.
These fluids are made by mixing water, sand and at least one chemical. The process has gain popularity around the world in countries such as United States of America, several European countries for example Germany, Sweden and France, and even South American countries like Brazil.
This has in turn led to increased oil and natural gas production in the US (Hassett and Mathar). The main components used in the process are water, chemicals and proppanants. Water is usually mixed with chemicals before being pumped into the rocks. The chemicals serve various such as thickening the water into a gel for effective penetration into the rock fractures, reducing friction and keeping the fractured pieces of rocks suspended in the gel.
In the case of Shell company, they call hydraulic fracturing as a component of the “natural gas revolution that is a secure and abundant force for good” (Shell.com 2012). As an element of their communication strategy to these projects, they conduct regular conferences and press releases as part of information dissemination of their operations.
Moreover, reviewing the different manners through which the personnel attain the oil is imperative.
The definition of Hydraulic fracturing is the compressing of fractures from a thick layer of rock in an effort to obtain oil. In this process, there is the
In spite of the environmental safety and health concerns, hydraulic fracturing of wells make up of 67% of natural gas and 43% of oil productions in United States. About 95% of oil and gas wells were hydraulic fractured in
The pumped fluid contains tiny particles of solid materials known as proppants, which prop up the fractures to open once the production process begins. Additionally, the hydraulic fracturing fluids is usually water-based and contain different chemicals, as well as
he United States possesses large shale gas reserves, most proponents and advocates of the practice contend that if enough support is given to the industry, it portends a real potential for energy independence. This argument is, however, counteracted by environmentalists who
Fracking method has started to become popular in America since late 1990s, and keeps this tendency for nowadays (Vergano).
For a thing which sounds as dangerously as fracking of course there’s no one socially accepted opinion, is it good or bad.
The wells are lined with steel and then cemented into place (Maule et al. 168). The gun located in the base into the shale then shoots electric currents. This then allows the pressurized fluids and proppant inserted into the shale to produce
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