Legalization of Drugs: Causes and Effects - Essay Example

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In our modern and more open day and age, topics that were once taboo have become not only more prominent, but have prompted serious considerations in regard to making them a normal part of daily life. …
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Legalization of Drugs: Causes and Effects
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"Legalization of Drugs: Causes and Effects"

Download file to see previous pages One potential cause that would allow drugs to be legalized is for the real and pressing issues of drug usage to be addressed. Like many laws and regulations set forth by politicians, policy makers have been more concerned with putting an end to the action or result than investigating their causes. The prohibition of drugs is no exception. Drug use is often recreational, which is what these policy makers are attempting to end, yet there are also many instances in which drug use is a result of poverty and despair (Kaestner 366). These are the individuals that tend to use drugs discreetly, too afraid of the ramifications of admitting to being addicted or dependent on illegal substances to seek help. As such, an effect of legalizing drugs would mean that problematic drug users would not have to fear being open about their addictions, allowing them to get the help that they desperately need. The concept that crime could be reduced and the criminal marketplace eradicated is another cause of drug legalization. When it comes to violence, the production, distribution, and use of illegal drugs make up one of the largest statistics. Since the market for illegal drugs is unregulated, prompting the majority of drugs to be obtained through theft, which can often involve injury or murder, the market becomes expensive and incredibly dangerous. The illegality of drugs allows the drug market and related crime to thrive. If drugs were legalized, though, the market would be able to be regulated through various legislation since the dangerous middle-men would be removed from the equation, and people would not have to go to such potentially deadly measures to obtain drugs. The effect would be less crime, an increase in overall drug-related violence, and a diminished drug cartel. Another effect in this category would be the beneficial changes to the condition of our legal system. By taking away the crime related to illegal drug distribution and use, we would free up substantial space in our prisons. More space would become available for other dangerous criminals that are still roaming freely on the streets, such as child predators. Furthermore, billions of dollars would be saved by not having to house the would-be criminals in prisons if drug-related crime were wiped out. The legalization of drugs has the potential to bring about a much needed decrease in criminal activity. A further cause of drug legalization is the ability to make drug use safer. Since drugs are illegal, it is difficult for drug consumers to obtain the supplies they need to engage in drug use, such as needles. Many drug users have to resort to sharing needles with one another, which increases the chances of transmittable diseases being spread (Marshall et al 4). The most common causes of death are the diseases that are spread among drug users from such unsafe practice. If illicit drugs were legalized, there would be no need for consumers to share materials because they would be able to legally purchase what they would need. An effect of legalizing drugs would be a decrease in the major drug-related illnesses and diseases, such as HIV ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Globalization has boosted the production, trading and consumption of these drugs and the consumption of which are associated with negative social, economic, political and health consequences (UNRISD, 1994). Hence many experts have called for a ban on the production and sale of these drugs by implementing effective strategies (UNRISD, 1994; Chakwe, 2013). However, the already existing drug bans in several countries has done little to reduce the production and consumption of drugs as a result of which many experts have suggested legalization of drug production and trade which offers more options for regulation (The Economist, 2013; Wendel, 2013).
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