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Group conformity - Essay Example

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Name of the Professor Unit Name Submission Date Group Conformity Human beings do not exist in vacuum or isolation. The society is a unit where people co-exist and their behaviors are shaped by the norms and values of the society where they belong…
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Group conformity
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Download file to see previous pages It is important to note that some may obey and adhere to the requirements of the groups where they belong while others may oppose them. Whether they oppose or conform to the standards of their groups; one thing is sure - groups affect them either socially, psychologically or even physically. This paper will explore group conformity; its meaning, types, causes and effects, experiments on the same and recommendations. At the onset of this paper, it is expedient to be well acquainted with group conformity. According to the TheFreeDictionary, conformity is defined as, “action or behavior in correspondence with socially accepted standards, convections or rules.” Group conformity can also be defined as, “yielding to group pressures” and can also be called “majority influence or group pressure” (McLeod). For people to be accepted in the various groups, they must adhere to the norms and rules and regulations of such groups, and must behave in a manner accepted by the group members. They have to alter their behaviors in a way that is acceptable to the written and unwritten codes of association of their groups. There are consequences associated with non-compliance and rewards for compliance with group norms. The consequences may include: rejection, seclusion and stigmatization. Since the consequences are unpleasant, people are forced to toe the line and follow the dictates of the group. Further, group pressure is reinforced by rewards like a psychological feeling of belonging, material benefits and acceptance. Group conformity is a great influence that alters the behaviors of people to be in line with what is expected by a group. At times people may be forced to suspend reasoning for compliance and for the survival of a group. Group conformity is a subject that has elicited a lot of debate in social sciences like psychology and it has been subdivided into various types. According to McLeod, “Man (1969) identified three types of conformity; normative, informational and ingratiational.” In normative conformity, members of the group bow to the pressures of the group to allow them to fit in pursuit of the rewards. The driving force for compliance is the fear of the consequences that can be faced in the event of disobedience. McLeod observes that in normative conformity individuals bow to the majority pressure in the public arena but internally reject them. Let’s give an illustration: in political spheres, individuals often find themselves conforming to the notion of democracy but in the real sense the minority are always dissatisfied but they just move on with the group since they lack options. It is a fact that that learning is a life-long process and an individual who lacks knowledge may choose to change behaviors to fit in a group with the aim of acquiring the same; in essence that is informational conformity (McLeod). Knowledge is a very precious commodity in life and people often endeavor to obtain it since it is associated with power. This can be practical in a learning environment where one copes with the norms and the rules of a learning institution in order to acquire knowledge. Finally, ingratiational conformity is founded on people’s strong desire to benefit from the warmth of acceptance within the group and the kindness that they can derive from group membership. McLeod notes that this conformity is similar to normative conform ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Group confomity
Therefore, the tendencies for individuals to conform to certain traits that trend in the community make people susceptible to unconscious influences to adopt certain behavior (Zollman, 317-340). In addition, social norms may also directly pressurize people in a certain demographic sphere to adjust their behavior and make it “socially acceptable”.
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Outline and evaluate research relating to conformity
In this case, conformity is seen as an influence by large groups or majority influence. In addition, conformity is clearly seen as a tool use to show a person’s response to certain groups in order to be part of them. Bordens and Horowitz (2013) give an example of one juror by the name Frank.
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Conformity is not a pleasant experience, at least for me. I did not want to do what I was expected to but there was my personal need in it because I did not want to make my friend upset. There was a moment when I just wanted to leave without saying goodbye even to my friends but I thought it would be an egotistic deed so I stayed.
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Conformity and its consequence
While doing so, it may so happen that the person when he is alone also shows conformity with the general perception of the society. By conforming to the regular norms of the society, the identity of the person would be preserved, other wise he may have to face social rejection.
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Conformity and Obedience
The second individual estimate was a lot closer to the group estimate than the first. (Conformity and obedience, Psychology4a) Obedience is submission to another's authority. For example Reverend Jim Jones took 911 people from San Francisco to found his cult, "The peoples temple" in Jonestown, a town he had them build in Guyana, South America.
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mbers was visible from the fact that many of them left their jobs, their families and their entire identities in order to be accepted by the Heaven’s Gate (Snow, 2003, p. 94). The members also demonstrated conformity by wearing the uniform of dark colored clothes and shoes
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They facilitate better understanding and access to networking with organizations and groups in order to avail the emerging opportunities for their personal and professional growth. This defines the behavioral pattern
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Study of conformity
There are two main types of persuasions; group and individual persuasion both of which may be used by a group or an individual to get what they want whenever they want it. An important element in persuasion is therefore the ability to understand other peoples’
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The negative and positive of conformity
As such, a person is said to conform to social pressure if they adopt a course of action that the society accepts and that which the majority favors (Sociology Guide, 2011). Notably, the consistent social interactions promote growing pressure in the society for conformity.
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The Dangers of Conformity
It is common to find an individual trying to fit into a certain group or society simply because he desires to act right or maybe because he wants to be identified with the society. There are different forms of group pressure that may be very dangerous in one’s life such as ill-treatment, encouragement, mocking and criticism.
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