China’s economic growth will hit the lowest ebb in 2012, as stated in recent report published by the World Bank. However astoundingly, while the long-term trend indicates a slowdown, figures released by the Chinese government paint a more nuanced and mixed image of the economy. …
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China single-handedly accounts for approximately one-fifth of the total world economic output; thereby, a slowdown in Chinese economy will hinder a global recovery. In addition, several of Asia’s largest and emerging economies have struck deal with China as a trading partner; hence, a downturn in Chinese economy will adversely affect them. Until 2010, Chinas economic growth rate was more than ten percent, which encouraged officials to boost domestic consumption combined with a reduction in exports to accomplish sustainable growth. Consequently, while the construction and industrial boom decelerated, the retail sales held up strong. Many of today’s economic issues can be traced back to the global financial crisis period between 2008 and 2009 when China attempted to accelerate economic growth through injecting capital and boosting government spending. Back then, the central government pumped tremendous amounts of money in the economy by investing in infrastructure and construction industries. However, on the downside, this created excess capacity, property prices soared sky-high with a simultaneous rise in inflation and consumer costs. Faced with these economic plights and the fear of Chinese economy overheating, policymakers then implemented measures aimed at curtailing lending and slowing down inflation. Unfortunately, these measures along with a sharp drop in the global demand for Chinese goods triggered the recent cycle of a slowdown. A fact that Chinese policy makers failed to take into account is that credit does no more good to economy than steroids do to body, every time bigger injection are needed to maintain the desired effect. In 2011, Chinese economic growth rate was 9.2 percent in contrast to the rate of 10.4 percent during 2010. Despite the imminent cyclical weakness that will decelerate China’s economy, even more, Chinese officials claimed that there is a way out. The World Bank has also supported this argument as it stated that the prospects for a soft landing appear positive, as China has largely mitigated the domestic property bubble invigorated by speculation. Chinese officials hold that they are working to temper the super economic growth towards more sustainable growth without triggering an economic recession. One of such simulative measures included the recent cut in interest rates after June by The People’s Bank of China. Likewise, the central government is striving to spur growth by relaxing reserve requirements so that bank lending could accelerate, which in turn would lead to greater injections of credit in the economy (Bradsher “Heavy Lending Creates a Surge in Chinese Economy”). Although, the construction and industrial sectors have registered a slowdown; however, retail sales have stayed strong. The Chinese government is determined to rebalance the economy by reducing reliance on investment and exports and escalating domestic consumption (Bradsher “Chinese Official Reaffirms ‘Rebalancing’ of Economy”). Policymakers hold that the government is empowered with myriad tools to prevent an economic collapse. They pointed out how unlike other major economies such as America and United Kingdom, China managed to survive through 2009’s recessionary period, marked by extensive layoffs and social unrest. Officials contend that they are deliberately aiming for sustainable growth after double-digit growth registered in the previous years that overheat the economy. Therefore, for them, the economic slowdown is solely a planned action. Official economic statistics released by China are futile in stopping the economic squabbling about the soft landing prospects for Chinese economy. The increasing
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What are the main problems in China that can derail its economic growth?
China, which is considered to be the fastest growing and emerging nations of the world, is experiencing a setback in its economic growth rate in the recent years. Decline in investments and the decreasing demand of Chinese services and products in some of the key international markets of the world like UK and USA are causing concerns for the economic development of China.
Risky aspects of the economic growth of China Introduction China’s economic meltdown is predicted by various economics researchers both within China and across the world. The slow-down of China’s economy has begun. The problem of debt crisis in Wenzhou is being compared to the Bear Stearns’s collapse in March 2008 that served as a trailer for the even bigger financial collapse that happened in the following September (Hays).
Economic growth of a country can even occur with the increase in the key inputs of production mainly labor and capital, which helps in boosting up the productivity that result in the increase in the total production of the country.
Economic growth is one of the major macroeconomic objectives. Economic growth is regarded as a necessary and desirable feature of modern economies . Economic growth is widely defined as ‘the sustained increase in real per capita incomes’ .
The country contributed to approximately 10 percent of the world growth in the 1990s and in the decade up to 2010 in contributed to nearly 25 percent. In the meantime the country has economically empowered 600 million people and transformed its cities.
However, when we contrast their GDP against their population, China's GDP per capita is at the same level of a developing country (Culture Grams, 2008). Therefore, in relation to market efficiency, it is evident that the condition of China's economy is not as grand as reports may lead us to believe.
This paper focuses on three of these problems including environmental degradation, income inequalities and unemployment. It then discuses their causes, impacts and the difficulties experienced in overcoming them. The conclusion section summarizes the main issues presented in the paper and makes inferences where appropriate.
Two major factors, that precondition the economic development of China’s auto industry are identified in the essay. These are institutional reforms and globalization of production. In 1980s China began reforms to shift economic decision making powers from government to local authorities. Another factor was sharing of production across the world.
Between 2004 and 2008, the Chinese economy, which holds the current record as the fastest growing economy in the world, registered a GDP surge by 106%. The performance of the USA during this period has been relatively slack considering the fact that the growth deficit
Economic growth is experienced basically when there is seen an increase in the production capacity of goods and services in an economy. (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2008) It is also seen as the increase in the standard of living of the society as a whole.
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