Nathan Bedford Forrest: a racist, a ruthless slaughterer, or an American hero? People of Selma, Alabama remain divided in opinion as to if a monument commemorating a Civil War Hero or the leader of Ku Klux Klan should be built. …
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Nathan Forrest’s Monument – Tribute to Selma’s Defender or Wizard of Ku Klux Klan
In my perspective, laws of justice and humanity conflict with dedicating a monument to a man whose name epitomizes America’s tragic history of racial prejudice and bloodshed. In order to comprehend this controversy, it is imperative to analyze the myriad of aspects surrounding it, such as first amendment, American history, political drama, and society’s reactions. The issue is that the Forrest Monument has always stirred drastically conflicting sentimental reactions amongst Americans. During the civil war, Nathan Bedford Forrest rose from a private soldier to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army. He was acclaimed for being a self-educated, valiant, and brilliant cavalry leader. Prior to the war, Forrest was an affluent planter, real estate backer, and slave trader. Despite lacking military education, Forrest rose to high ranks due to his innate strategic and tactical abilities. He pioneered novel policies for mobile forces, which earned him the title of “The Wizard of the Saddle” (United Daughters of Confederacy 90). For some Forrest is a brilliant Civil War hero and quintessence of bravery and decisiveness. Todd Kiscaden, a friend and advocate of Forrest monument stated, “I recommend this man to model his life after. He always led from the front. He did what he said he was going to do. He took care of his people, and his people included both races (Allen).”...
An extract from the letter of a confederate soldier, Achilles Clark, verifies these facts as he wrote that the slaughter was awful. He, with several others, tried to stop the brutalities of war and partially succeeded, but General Forrest ordered blacks to be shot down like dogs, and the carnage continued. Although some historians have glossed over his devious, inhumane crimes against negroes, the fact is that Forrest was not cruel, racially prejudiced slave dealer (Loewen and Sebesta 280). Likewise, Forrest is also infamous for being the Grand Wizard of Ku Klux Klan, a clandestine vigilante group that conducted a terrifying reign against African-Americans, Republicans and people who moved to south after the war (Ashdown and Caudill 39). Therefore, constructing his monument is “boldly racist” as Malika Fortier, a leading opponent in this struggle, quotes. In spite of the afore-mentioned facts, there are legal hindrances in preventing further work on the Forrest statue. The most imperative lingering question is that of land ownership. Proponents of the statue contend that the local authorities of Selma awarded the United Daughters of the Confederacy an acre of cemetery in 1877. As opposed to this, protestors argue that no legal documents exist to evidence the transfer of ownership to the United Daughters of the Confederacy (Brown 13). Although the question of land ownership is for now the most crucial, it constitutes only the basic queries and legal consequences that shall ensue. For instance, if the land were deemed as private property, passersby would not be aware that this cemetery contains Confederate Circle. In plain terms, the cemetery might be construed as public property even if it is
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Racism and prejudice have been vital aspects that have been plagued the society of the United States of America. The root causes of racism and anti-Semitism are derived from the ideology of the white man’s burden that continues to be the hallmark of white supremacy.
The founders of this organization were college students and former confederate soldiers from Tennessee, who thought it awesome to form a group through which they would be able to engage in fun for example, through horse playing during the night. These people included; John Lester, James Crowe, John Kennedy, Calvin Jones, Richard Reed and Frank (Chalmers 26).
This paper is an attempt to analyze and identify the behavioral patterns of both these organization one by one, in order to come up with logical comparative analysis of both the terrorist groups to state the underlying similarities and differences between them.
Movements build towards their specific goals over several phases. These stages have been grouped into five key phases namely the hidden problem, increasing tensions, take-off, waging of the movement and success (Moyer 2011). Hidden Problem i. Normal Times – here, a critical social problem is in the air that is violating a host of widely held core values but the general public is not aware of the problem with very few concerned.
This, along with problems in the organization of the KKK led to it's downfall.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded by six young men in Memphis, TN as a social club in 1866 (Williams 936). The founders did not have a political agenda or racial designs (Williams 936) rather it was more of a practical joker's club in which they dressed up in sheets and scared friends by pretending to be ghosts.
When young soldiers from the Confederate Army returned from war, they realized they had nothing to do; jobs were literally non existent. James Crowe, Richard Reed, Calvin Jones, John Lester, Frank McCord, and John Kennedy met in the house of Colonel Thomas Martin in Giles county, and formed what first they called “the circle” which when translated into Greek is kuklos.
The reconstruction policies of the Civil War intensified the group. The southern people took it upon the Klan to continue the dominance of their democratic party, and to preserve the white race against the onslaught of the blacks. In April of 1867, the Klan was further organized and it has established a hierarchy.
Nonetheless, the Ku Klux Klan has gone through many stages of eminent social organization, a clandestine society, and even separated in to different fractions all the way through the transforming history. In order to comprehend totally with the U.S.
two different lenses, with the former having stressed more the Klan’s deep hostility against the North and the Blacks and how it has ensured its political power over the South using dirty tricks such as bribery, intimidation and coercion; the latter having painted an entirely
In short, the group seeks to protect America against the invasion by immigrants (Brands, Breen and Williams 398).
In the 20th century, the group became anti-communist. The group flourished in the southern states in the 1860s and died out in the 1870s. The group used the
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