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Edna had a strong and passionate spirit but this died down with her marriage to her husband, Leonce. When she became Mrs. Pontiellier, she took it upon herself to live a life of responsibility, leaving who she was before they got married. Her marriage to Leonce was not perfect. In fact, there were times when she cries at night confused on the reason she was crying (Chap.3, par.10.). But during that night, she felt even more oppressed, even to the point of feeling anguish about her situation. Her emotions during that specific night during their summer vacation indicated that, although she realizes there was something wrong with how she felt, she strived to keep it to herself. Notice that she didn’t mention anything to her husband about how she felt during night the next morning. It was as if nothing was wrong. This was a typical scene for women of the 1800s. Chopin described Edna to be a slave of the social expectations of marriage and motherhood. Edna’s individuality was cast aside to become what is to be expected of a woman in marriage, a supportive wife and doting mother. But Edna was not entirely such a person. She acted only as if she was that person because she was expected to do so. Her husband even had to persuade her to check their son during the night he believed the young one had a fever (Chap.3, par. 6). Chopin was not alone in her belief how married women acted and felt. Ibsen shared this idea as seen in “The Doll House.” In this story, Nora led a difficult life because of the social expectation that her husband is supposed to be the dominant figure in their family. She also had the same strong spirit that Edna exhibited in “The Awakening.” But the same with Edna, Nora was unable to show how strong she is because of the bounds of marriage. Marriage is not a bad thing. Most, if not all, women envision themselves to become married and have a family. What turns this around are the social expectations linked to marriage. One of the heaviest things that society has linked to marriage is the expectation that it is the husband that is supposed to lead and to provide for the family. Although social expectations increased the confidence and the responsibility of men, it decreased women’s participation in the family. Yes, it is the wife who becomes the mother and the housekeeper of the family. Yes, her role in the family has a great bearing in maintaining the family’s connection with each other. But with this role, the woman releases her connection with herself, as that with Edna and Nora. She lets go of her individuality, of who she is, when she becomes a wife and a mother. Edna and Nora followed the demands of the society to become perfect partners, even if it meant they hide their true feelings and beliefs on what their husbands were doing. When women become wives, they are expected to keep the family intact. And so, when Edna and Nora acted upon their own desires and wants, the image of their families were jeopardized. The society expects that families should always be whole and when something bad happens, it is blamed on the women although it is not entirely their fault. This is not to justify the actions of both female characters. This is to show that because of the strings tied to them through marriage and social expectations, these female characters were repressed of their own emotions and individual personalities. When Edna and Nora realized that their marriage was actually killing who they were, they decided to let go of their marriage not to become free of the obligations of family life but to become free from the repressing environment that kills their own desires to take care of the family. They did not leave their families just because they want to become single
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Lincoln was very much focused on the relevant strategy to remove slavery from the face of America’s Earth. He was sure that there was a too serious split in the society in 60s and it was necessary to take several successive steps in order to set anti-slavery campaign in the country.
The sea functions as a symbol of freedom, clearly, but it is also a symbol of intense isolation. The novel begins the development of this symbol from the very beginning of the novel, calling the “abysses of solitude” a place of “inward contemplation”
The present study aims to examine and analyze her magnum opus “The Awakening” (1899), which is viewed as the leading piece of literature has been created within feminist perspective. Though Chopin has courageously raised voice against the confinement of women within four walls, as well as against the repression of her emotions and thoughts, yet she is aptly criticized for portraying and presenting only one region of the globe, and thus is regarded as a regional writer containing limited canvas to paint the social and cultural problems prevailing in her contemporary era.
The article “The Commitment to Immediate Emancipation” educates readers about the affairs during the Second Great Awakening. The author was particularly concerned about the time it took to liberate the African slaves. The author further brings before the readers the contribution of abolitionists, abolitionist philosophies and other crucial matter that led to the elimination of slavery.
Lincoln was one of the abolitionists from the northern states who were against slavery. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 left the settlers to decide whether they wanted slavery or freedom. The Republican Party adopted a mission to restrict the expansion of slavery.
She makes her heroine Edna Pontellier play independently and autocratically in the realm of men. The prospect of freedom provokes Edna to defy her social responsibilities that tends to define the Victorian femininity and womanhood. But ultimately she fails to perceive that greater freedom is entitled with greater sincerity and responsibility.
The cultural, social, and scientific life of the society was undergoing radical alterations. For instance Darwin's theories of evolution and natural selection had questioned the established views regarding humankind's origins; restoration and urbanization of the society following the Civil War brought women and men into a new social identity; and, obviously most importantly, the women's rights movement had been gaining strength since 1848, when the first conference of woman's rights was held in New York in Seneca Fall.
Although initially it shocked the society with its daring portrayal of a woman's needs and sense of self, it was soon hailed and accepted as a brave attempt towards female emancipation.
John Barth's Lost in the Funhouse, published in 1968 on the other hand is a postmodern version of man's condition depicting the complexity of his situation and the all pervading sense of self-consciousness.
Adèle Ratignolle, a mother-woman, and Madame. Reisz, the pianist. “Adèle embodies female biology, always talking of her condition, for she has a baby about every two years. Adèles opposite, Mme. Reisz, a serious artist, is unmarried. She exemplifies the solitary life