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Orphans in Haiti: Finding Nurture for Orphaned Children - Research Paper Example

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Running Head: Orphans in Haiti: Finding Nurture for Orphaned Children Orphans in 1 Orphans in Haiti: Finding Nurture for Orphaned Children Name Class Date Orphans in Haiti: Finding Nurture for Orphaned Children Haitian children are at a higher than average risk of becoming orphaned because of their low life expectancy, which is due to a number of different factors such as health care and contaminated water…
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Orphans in Haiti: Finding Nurture for Orphaned Children
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Download file to see previous pages When children become orphans they also become detached from their community leaving them with little support. In addition, education also becomes a less likely prospect. Currently care for orphan care is limited to agencies that most often put orphans with extended families who use those children as slaves. Therefore, from an anthropological perspective, orphan care in Haiti must focus on nurturing because complex cultural patterns continue to put children at risk through abandonment, desperation, and slavery. In order to approach the issue of sufficiently caring for orphans, we first need to ask why there are so many orphans in Haiti. This is not only because of the recent natural disasters, but because of the low level of health care and sanitary conditions available. While there has been a focus on the earthquake in 2010 as a cause of the rise in the number of orphans, we also need to be aware that there were already 380,000 orphans on the island prior to the disaster (Curnutte, 2011, p. 7). A lack of healthcare is one of the contributing issues to the large number of orphans in Haiti. This means the citizens’ general health is lower and that death rates are higher at younger ages. About one in five orphaned children die every year in the care of the Missionaries of Charity, an organization created by Mother Theresa in 1950 (Curnutte, 2011, p. 7). While organizations and outside agencies work towards the issue of orphans, they do not often understand the problems that are unique to Haiti. Coulter (2011) discusses that one of the problems is the power that UNICEF carries over the fate of the children because the organization will hand the children over to family members before allowing them to be adopted into international families because they believe that the children will be better off with their family. This does not take into account the traditions on the island that force many children into slavery. It is a tradition in Haiti that children who are taken in by extended family are enslaved by that extended family. A lack of clean water is also a big reason that the health care is so low. Most of the homes in Haiti do not have running water so water for washing and drinking comes from local water sources such as rivers and pools. Polluted rivers cause the presence of water-born parasites and germs in the bodies, which deteriorate the level of health of those using the water. Often people in Haiti put citrus juice in water under the false belief that doing so will purify it. The lack of clean water is contributory to the deaths in the nation, thus leading to children not only dying at an alarming rate, but becoming orphaned due to illnesses that are water born (Verner & Egset, 2007). Children die at a rate of 74 out of every 1000 before they reach their first birthday, with fifty more dying before they reach the age of five. The average life expectancy is only 52 years of age (NgCheong-Lum, 2006, p. 70). With the low life expectancy and the high number of orphaned children, serious consequences have evolved through cultural traditions that influence the future of these children. The cultural practice of the restevik is one of the worst problems within Haitian communities. A restevik is a child who is taken into a home ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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