Name Professor Subject Date Gender and Sexual Violence Sexual violence is one of the many unfortunate realities of our history, especially with gender biases and with homophobic attitudes against lesbians, gay, and transgender individuals. These incidents of sexual violence often impact negatively on the victims, causing them much physical and psychological harm…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
Stotzer (p. 172) discusses that according to surveys of transsexuals, there seems to a significant number of sexual assault incidents, including rape, especially for the younger transsexuals. The most common forms of violence against transsexuals include unwanted sexual activity with about 60% of these incidents being forced intercourse (Stotzer, p. 172). These transsexuals are often victims due to their perceived non-conformity to the standards of society. The motivation for these sexual assaults includes hatred and negative attitudes towards the transgenders (Stotzer, p. 172). Victims are quick to declare that they are often victims of sexual assault or rape and mostly due to homophobia and hate. They also feel that they are often victims of sexual assault because of their gender identity, their gender expression, and their transgender status (Stotzer, p. 172). Abuse is also often carried out by various people, mostly strangers. Police officers, parents, siblings, neighbors, friends, and other relatives are also often the perpetrators of the abuse (Stotzer, p. 173). Most acts of violence include sexual assaults, harassment, and in some cases, muggings. Unfortunately, some are carried out by persons known to the victim (Stotzer, p. 174). Some of these offenders include fathers, stepfathers, mothers, stepmothers, current spouse/partners, brother, siblings, or a former spouse or partner (Stotzer, p. 174). Other perpetrators not closely known to victims include landlords, tenants, ‘pick-ups,’ security personnel, and in some cases, service providers. Murphy (p. 7) further discusses that violence against lesbians and gays are the most apparent dangers which these individuals face. However, they are also likely to face structural violence and episodic violence. Structural violence against gay men is often caused by heteroxism which basically embodies a system that degrades homosexuals for their behavior and their identity (Murphy, p. 7). Psychological heteroxism is often linked with individuals’ attitudes and behaviors and cultural heteroxism often refers to their societal customs and institutions, including their religion and laws (Murphy, p. 7). The cultural heteroxism is the most common cause for violence as it can also lead to discrimination against these lesbians and gays in their housing and employment. Murphy (p. 7) cites the cases of Margarethe Cammemeyer, a military veteran who was dismissed from the army after years of exemplary service to her country; also the case of Sherry Barone who faced opposition from a cemetery who refused to include the epitaph ‘life partner’ on the headstone of her deceased partner (Murphy, p. 7). More indirect incidents of discrimination are perpetuated against gays and lesbians; and those who often decide to reveal their sexuality end up being dismissed, demoted from their work or driven out of their homes. The causes of gender violence seem to stem from preconceived notions and assumptions of gender. Specifically, these assumptions are based on the expectations for each gender which often refer to extremely different behavior, mostly referring to dominant males and subordinate females (Perry, p. 417). Violence is considered to be a way by which males can impose their authority and dominance over women; and it seems to be expected for men to enforce such violence in order to keep women in line (Perry, p. 417).
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Gender and Sexual Violence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Gender and Sexual Violence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1450234-the-essay-will-center-on-gender-and-sexual
(Gender and Sexual Violence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Gender and Sexual Violence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/english/1450234-the-essay-will-center-on-gender-and-sexual.
“Gender and Sexual Violence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1450234-the-essay-will-center-on-gender-and-sexual.
The past four decades have seen the growth of an internationally active gay and lesbian movement. The new homosexual identity thus developed has become an international standard now. Today becoming gay is to adapt a particular set of life style, standard, and behavior.
These disparities in behavior, learning and biases affect the security of women in various communities. Particularly, the manner in which the personnel understand, accept and perceive gender security tells how they are exposed and their reactions towards various situations. Planning for learning resources in learning institutions will assist in ensuring that there is equality in all the learners thus reducing gender violence.
The coercive environment incapacitates the victim who cannot express genuine consent making her vulnerable to the situation. Sexual violence features a number of forms that could range from rape, forced sterilization,
These acts of violence and intimidation against these people induce both physical and psychological torture to the victims an event, which may even lead to suicide of the victim. In most of the western countries these groups have been legalized thus inducing violence over them is termed as a hate crime and exist most preferably among the religious activists or the extreme political persons.
They are characteristics of what society expects from men and women and their role in broader society and is usually measured by femininity versus masculinity related to personality and behaviour (WHO, 2009).
In my discussion I will highlight such incidences and bring forth issues as cited by various authors and my own point of view.
Institutions have the power to cause additional harm to assault survivors this is according to Smith and Freyd. The environment
There are factors that play a role in supporting violence against the gender and sexual minorities. However, there are also factors that diminish these acts of violence. This essay analyses these factors in relation to the case of Richard Thomas hate crimes in Oakland. Majority of cultures and religions do not recognize sexual and gender minorities.
In general, the occurrence of sexual violence results from disrespecting human rights. With sexual violence come pain, trauma, shame, depression, and lack of function in the society (Jenny and Correa-Velez 2010, p.90-110). Furthermore, refugees face many difficult
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Gender and Sexual Violence"
with a personal 20% discount.