(Name) (Professor) (Subject) (Date) “Daddy” and “Diving into the Wreck”: A Feminist Analysis Feminism has existed in the recent decades to uplift the conditions of women in the society. They fight against the oppression and equality that women experience in their lives as they also deserve equal and humane treatment…
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It tends to transform the lives of many women and change the views of men toward the counterpart in various ways. Through such kind of movement, the attention of the society goes deep into the prevailing systems that cater domination and connections of gender, race and social status biases. The efforts then showed the overall conditions of women in the society as it serves as the starting point for further studies and analysis (Adams 240). The fight for equality and issues on the female sex are then explored in literature as poets and writers make their literary pieces about those matters. Two poems that reflect feminism will be analyzed in the paper and those are entitled “Daddy” and “Diving into the Wreck.” The poem “Daddy” was written by Sylvia Plath while “Diving into the Wreck” was made by Adrienne Rich. Both female poets had the concept of feminism in their works though they differ in the way they tackle the issue. Sylvia Plath tackled feminism through her controversial life that made her to be considered as the most controversial modern female poet. She received massive criticisms for her relationship, life and works. Her works created new perspectives on literature as she combined the feminist issues that linked formation and disorganization. Her works influenced the people regarding the masks and feelings that women project in the 1960s. Her works reflected her personal insights and experiences that showed how women like her dealt with her life. Many wandered what would have happened if she had not died early on her career as she made unique literature like the poems filled with anger as she directed her emotions toward her separation with her husband and fellow poet, Ted Hughes (Mishra 202). The same theme was reflected on her poem “Daddy.” On the other hand, Adrienne Rich wrote her poems and other literary works with feminist theme that showed female vulnerability and cultural distortion on experiences of females and even made use of idiomatic expressions upon topics on women (Stringer 569). Rich is a feminist not only through her works as she also taught about feminism in Stanford University (Head 937). By going deeper to the contents for the two poems, the main perspectives of the authors can be analyzed. “Daddy” was the poem rich in anger as the author Plath released her emotions against her experiences with her father who was Otto Plath, an entomologist. In the poem, she killed her father in her psyche and tried to do so by making a first attempt of suicide. It seemed that she had an inner guilt for the death of her father that she desired to fulfill by contemplating on suicide. She was in ruins when her father died before she was able to get over with her Electra complex. The result was an extreme father image that haunts her psyche which became the concept of Daddy in her poem. He was infallible and difficult to overcome in the mind of the author (Gill 40). Despite of the death of her father, she was still haunted by his omnipotence and “resurrected” through the man whom the speaker married. He resembled her father very much from his appearance to his behavior. She also showed how patriarchal society oppressed women as she made use of Nazi, Facist, and Jews in the picture of Holocaust and how women suffered (Yingling and Wiegman 155). Sylvia Path then showed that the poem reflected her life wherein the speaker in the poem had Jewish mother and Nazi father
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Each gender had its specific role to fill and each person is expected to be adept at it. If one deviates from his or her expected role, society frowns on him or her and the individual is pressured to either conform to societal expectations or prove that such shift from the gender role is justified.
As much as she accepts the language that a female poet is given to communicate in, “she is also accepting a set of patriarchal, capitalist, racist, heterosexist assumptions which are built into the language and which, at the least, deny her an identity of her own” (Annas 10).
She employs the use of figurative speech in order to convey her message in a simple but indirect way. Her tough childhood depicted in the poem can be compared with the misery that people went through after WW2. She uses her father as an image of Hitler/Nazis as well as mentions some of the shattered towns by the Nazis cruelty, in order to portray the suffering of the people.
The first and second waves of feminism are two prominent theories that originated to claim their rightful standing, but somehow could not encircle the very essence of womanhood. In the latter part of twentieth century, women witnessed another blow of oppression through the sex-display genre.
Rich perceives feminism as the murky deep task that forces her to dive into the deep sea and find out the sunken ruins. She prepares well for this venture, she surveys the damaged wreck by long-lived myth, and she therefore plunders the hulk ancient treasure in resemblance to the ship as a female figurehead.
However, Zohrab (6) provides a definition of feminism that is seen to be widely acceptable as it essentially encompasses all the various different definitions of the term. According to Zohrab, feminism can be defined as being the application of the victims of oppression model to various different situations that are faced by women in the modern society today.
The poem argues that society has wrecked gender by defining and controlling it. “Diving into the Wreck” explores the journey of inner exploration that reveals the truth about the speaker’s gender and how the world creates and controls gender. “Diving into the Wreck” was originally published in Rich’s collection of poems, Diving into the Wreck in 1973.
The diving industry is categorized into two: skin and Scuba diving. 'Skin diving' is used to describe diving activity in which the diver uses mask, snorkel and fins and holds his/her breathe while swimming underwater. 'Scuba diving' is the acronym for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus and refers to underwater swimming in which the diver adds to the basic skin diving items equipment designed to take an air supply beneath the surface.
These problems are evident in every part of the world that has an ocean or sea diving centre. For that reason, there has been a call from international bodies compelling countries to practice tourism that will be self-sustaining so that future generations would be protected and would still have better environment to live in (Johnson 2002).
Bauby titled his book as a diving bell, comparing himself with a heavily piped device used by divers to reach the end of the sea. The device is supplied with oxygen to sustain the lives of the divers. The heavy connected pipe makes it
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