Nobody downloaded yet

Socrates and Plato's Apology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Socrates and Plato’s Apology Your First Name Your Last Name Date Submitted Socrates and Plato’s Apology Socrates was a philosopher who lived in Greece during the fifth century B.C. He was a highly regarded thinker whose ideas are known to the world through the writings of Plato, his disciple, and his other contemporaries…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
Socrates and Platos Apology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Socrates and Plato's Apology"

Download file to see previous pages Much of this trial is known through Plato’s Apology (Plato, 2009). Socrates is however, innocent of the charges that are levied against him since his beliefs are a practice of his own philosophy, something that was permitted in ancient Greece, and they accept and celebrate the existence of god and the choice of people to follow him or not. His actions, thus, in no way do any harm to the religious structures of Greece. The right to dissent within certain structures was allowed and it is only this right that Socrates exercises in his life and he upholds this right throughout the trial. According to Plato’s Apology, the reason that Socrates cites for his actions is the declaration of the Oracle at Delphi of his superior wisdom over other people. By making this clear, Socrates makes clear his belief in god. The god who is associated with the Oracle of Delphi, moreover is one that is a part of the Greek pantheon of gods. The Oracle of Delphi was associated with Apollo, the sun-god of the Greek pantheon and a very important figure in the mythology of the Greeks. This would make the charges of Socrates’ atheism baseless. By asserting the wisdom of god and his lack of the same, Socrates is able to prove his innocence when faced with the charges of atheism. Socrates points out to the jury that his quest for knowledge and wisdom was essentially based on his belief in his ignorance. This ignorance presented him with a paradox when viewed in the light of the predictions of the Oracle at Delphi (Plato, 2009). An attempt to solve this paradox does not necessarily constitute an offence against god or the laws of ancient Greece. The ideas that Plato and Socrates held regarding ideas and forms entailed the superiority of what lay in heaven rather than what was present on earth (Plato, 2004). This meant that they did not malign god or question the existence of god. What they did during their lives was to affirm the presence of god in a way that was in a lot of ways, scarcely different from existing perceptions. The charges of atheism that were leveled against them were thus, not true and were based on an incorrect or incomplete understanding of their philosophies and theories. Another aspect of the case against Socrates was the allegation that he corrupted the youth with the power of his ‘sophistry’, which in those days meant a glib manner of talking that was designed to persuade a person to perform certain actions. It also had negative connotations in those times. Sophistry was considered to be the practice of the orators of those times who sought to sway the masses and the jury for their own purposes. Socrates distances himself from such accusations right at the beginning by appealing to the jury to look at not his eloquence but at the truth of his statements. Socrates counters this claim successfully by appealing to the jury to look only at the truth of his statements and not at the manner in which it was communicated. He also points out that the perception of his sophistry was built up as a result of the works of people like Aristophanes who sought to mock him with what he perceived to be cheap attempts at comedy. A brief look at the works of Aristophanes would make it clear that the claims made by Socrates in the trial regarding the attempts of people to paint him and his followers in a negative light are true. The novelty of the ideas that Socrates thought of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Socrates and Plato's Apology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Socrates and Plato'S Apology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Socrates and Plato'S Apology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Apology by Plato
...?At the time when Socrates had a trial and then was condemned he was seventy years of age. He was a well known philosopher in Athens often sharing his wisdom with anyone who would listen. Socrates himself did not write anything. Plato, Socrates’ follower had many of his works devoted to his teacher’s speeches, dialogues and teachings. An “Apology” is a speech that Socrates gave during his trial and after being condemned. History knows of two “Apologies”: one is of Plato, and the other one is of Xenophon. Both men were disciples of Socrates, so it is possible that their accounts are bit...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Plato: Euthyphro and Apology
...?Pla Euthyphro and Apology Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo by Plato has been well-known for the attempt by Socrates and Euthyphro to pin down a definition for piety. In fact, Socrates insists on the immense importance of definition in this work which has led to the charge of the Socratic fallacy in the world literature. In a reflective exploration of whether Socrates is correct, in the context of the Euthyphro and the Apology, to place such an emphasis on the definition of words, it is essential to maintain that Euthyphro admits, at the end of the dialogues, that his definitions have been failure....
1 Pages(250 words)Dissertation
Plato: Apology and Crito
...?Pla Apology and Crito In his celebrated work Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo, Plato discusses various pertinent questions relating to philosophical concepts. One of the major statements made by Socrates in Apology is that a ‘good man is not harmed in life or death’ and he emphasizes the role of ‘divine sign’ which guides the good man away from wrong action. He also maintains that it is better to suffer injustice than to do it and the worst thing in the world is to do what is unjust. However, these arguments appear to most of the modern readers, just like Socrates’ own audience, highly counter-intuitive, and it remains an important...
1 Pages(250 words)Dissertation
Apology by Plato
..., and Socrates is an Athenian, then he should also improve the youth. I understand the second argument as follows: It is better to live among good citizens, because they do good. Everyone wants to be treated well. Socrates corrupts the youth intentionally, turning them bad. Bad people do evil. Therefore, Socrates wants to be treated badly. (Apology,7-9). “But either I do not corrupt them” says Socrates,” or I corrupt them unintentionally…If my offence is unintentional, the law has no cognizance of unintentional offenses” (Apology, 9). 4) Socrates does not believe in the gods of the city. Socrates...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Apology of Socrates
...?“The Apology of SocratesPlato, in The Apology of Socrates, shows Socrates as saying ‘an unexamined life is not worth living’. What I can infer from the declaration is that a life without reason is not worth living. Thus, I would like to argue that according to Socrates, a life that is worth living is a life that is being examined; and this examination involves both reflection and judgment. It is possible here to find that in normal sense, the word ‘examine’ stands for ‘to search’, or to ‘scrutinize’. In both the cases, it becomes easy to understand what Socrates meant by ‘an examined life’. If taken in...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues)
...teaching to the youth, and that he is responsible for any harm caused. The third instance is after the death sentence, as he talking about the migration of the soul to another world. Here, he tries to show that earthly death is either a state of utter unconsciousness and nothingness, or the migration of the soul (631). Thus, a just person should not fear death, as their soul will remain eternal. Socrates seeks to show that despite the death of the body, the soul remains eternal, and is thus more important than the body. Rather than fearing death, Socrates urges the Athenians to seek the greatest improvements to their souls. A person should thus fear knowledge claim, as that is evil. There is some...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Apology Plato
...Preview Analysis of Plato’sApology of Socrates” In the book, Plato’sApology of Socrates”comprises an account of the three speeches which Socrates boldly delivered in order to have justice sought against the allegations that point to his deliberate will of not recognizing philosophical conventions as well as of misleading the youth of Athens to his non-traditional or unique learning pedagogy. Through this text, Plato exhibits the ultimate significance of Socrates as a teacher by whom he was able to unravel the perils of human psyche and politics which had been evident in...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review
Socrates Apology
...of the Philosophy of the Teacher 7 November Socrates Apology There is no denying the fact that every year hundreds if not thousands of Americans stand witness to the malpractices and wrongs that are blatantly carried on in the institutions and organizations they work at, and choose to remain quiet for the fear of being persecuted for their honesty. Yet, in all ages and times there happened to be people that did not shun away the onus of exposing the wrongs and misdeeds that they came across in the society, even when threatened with dire consequences. In the very same vein, Socrates in Plato’s Apology chooses to act a whistleblower to the lies prevalent...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Apology of Socrates
...SOCRATES - THE APOLOGY INTRODUCTION Socrates' defense of his life and work as recounted in Plato's Apology is an ideal work for moving young people to consider their moral responsibilities to themselves and others. When read as a biography of Socrates, it invites reflection on the importance of character formation and encourages the belief that we can make of ourselves the kind of persons we would like to be. If we want to flourish as individuals and to develop the habits and moral outlook that will make our lives a blessing to ourselves and to those around us, Grube's translation of Apology provides the beacon...
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review
The apology by Plato
...Teacher I. Argument in Plato’s apology One of the most inflammatory arguments in the Apology was when Socrates described himself as agadfly who is stinging a lazy horse which is a state. This is evident in these passages which he asserted; I am that gadfly which God has given the state and all day long and in all places am always fastening upon you, arousing and persuading and reproaching you. And as you will not easily find another like me, I would advise you to spare me. I dare say that you may feel irritated at being suddenly awakened when you are caught napping; and you may think that if you were to strike me dead. . . unless God in his care of you gives you...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Socrates and Plato's Apology for FREE!
Contact Us