We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Socrates and Plato's Apology - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Socrates and Plato’s Apology Your First Name Your Last Name Date Submitted Socrates and Plato’s Apology Socrates was a philosopher who lived in Greece during the fifth century B.C. He was a highly regarded thinker whose ideas are known to the world through the writings of Plato, his disciple, and his other contemporaries…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Socrates and Plato's Apology

Download file to see previous pages... Much of this trial is known through Plato’s Apology (Plato, 2009). Socrates is however, innocent of the charges that are levied against him since his beliefs are a practice of his own philosophy, something that was permitted in ancient Greece, and they accept and celebrate the existence of god and the choice of people to follow him or not. His actions, thus, in no way do any harm to the religious structures of Greece. The right to dissent within certain structures was allowed and it is only this right that Socrates exercises in his life and he upholds this right throughout the trial. According to Plato’s Apology, the reason that Socrates cites for his actions is the declaration of the Oracle at Delphi of his superior wisdom over other people. By making this clear, Socrates makes clear his belief in god. The god who is associated with the Oracle of Delphi, moreover is one that is a part of the Greek pantheon of gods. The Oracle of Delphi was associated with Apollo, the sun-god of the Greek pantheon and a very important figure in the mythology of the Greeks. This would make the charges of Socrates’ atheism baseless. By asserting the wisdom of god and his lack of the same, Socrates is able to prove his innocence when faced with the charges of atheism. Socrates points out to the jury that his quest for knowledge and wisdom was essentially based on his belief in his ignorance. This ignorance presented him with a paradox when viewed in the light of the predictions of the Oracle at Delphi (Plato, 2009). An attempt to solve this paradox does not necessarily constitute an offence against god or the laws of ancient Greece. The ideas that Plato and Socrates held regarding ideas and forms entailed the superiority of what lay in heaven rather than what was present on earth (Plato, 2004). This meant that they did not malign god or question the existence of god. What they did during their lives was to affirm the presence of god in a way that was in a lot of ways, scarcely different from existing perceptions. The charges of atheism that were leveled against them were thus, not true and were based on an incorrect or incomplete understanding of their philosophies and theories. Another aspect of the case against Socrates was the allegation that he corrupted the youth with the power of his ‘sophistry’, which in those days meant a glib manner of talking that was designed to persuade a person to perform certain actions. It also had negative connotations in those times. Sophistry was considered to be the practice of the orators of those times who sought to sway the masses and the jury for their own purposes. Socrates distances himself from such accusations right at the beginning by appealing to the jury to look at not his eloquence but at the truth of his statements. Socrates counters this claim successfully by appealing to the jury to look only at the truth of his statements and not at the manner in which it was communicated. He also points out that the perception of his sophistry was built up as a result of the works of people like Aristophanes who sought to mock him with what he perceived to be cheap attempts at comedy. A brief look at the works of Aristophanes would make it clear that the claims made by Socrates in the trial regarding the attempts of people to paint him and his followers in a negative light are true. The novelty of the ideas that Socrates thought of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Achilles in Homer's Iliad or Socrates in Plato's Apology
By writing about people that existed in their age, the authors of these two works – Homer and Plato respectively – reveal that they know the significance and markers of the age during which they lived.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Plato's Apology
Plato’s Apology 1. Progression of Socrates’ mission: 1.1. Socrates’ mission started when Chaerephon, Socrates’ Athenian friend, asked the oracle at Delphi if there was anybody wiser than Socrates, to which the oracle answered that there was none. This prompted Socrates to find out what the oracle meant by it, because he did not consider himself exceptionally wise, which contradicts the oracle’s pronouncement which must always be considered true.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Platos Apology
Plato’s Apology. Plato and his writings through the Platonic Dialogues constitute some of the foundational elements of the Western philosophic tradition. Over the course of Plato’s career his works span an enormous array of subjects. Plato’s Apology considers Socrates trial in front of the Greek lawmakers.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Plato's Apology: the character of Socrates
Socrates remains firm in his stand that he is innocent, and condemns the “false accusations” (Plato, 649) made against him. He takes up each of the accusations leveled against him, and demolishes them with his brilliant arguments. Socrates’ argument is couched in three phases.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Socrates' Death
Lots are cast to determine the jurors (the dikasts). As indicated by Xenophon and Plato, since the majority of dikasts voted in favor of Socrates’ conviction, the dikasts cast another vote to determine the form of punishment that is to be meted out on Socrates.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Explain Socrates' claim that the unexamined life is not worth living (Apology)
Socrates could have avoided death by choosing life in prison or exile but he refused claiming that, these alternatives will prevent him from examining the world around him and see how to make the world a better place. He argued that with the absence of his examined life would; there was no value of living.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Socrates Apology
Yet, in all ages and times there happened to be people that did not shun away the onus of exposing the wrongs and misdeeds that they came across in the society, even when threatened with dire consequences. In the very same vein, Socrates in Plato’s Apology chooses to act a whistleblower to the lies prevalent in the society of his times.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
In THE APOLOGY, Socrates is charged with corrupting the youth. Relying upon your reading of PLATO'S REPUBLIC, write an essay in which you either defend Socrates or provide support to the city of Athens in bringing this charge
Person’s organism constantly uses its strength, and this expense is the necessary condition of its activities which should be constantly made up for normal existence. In other words, the Republic by Plato is primarily a treatise about the
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Plato's Apology
It is difficult enough for us to keep the peace in these trying times, and we all know the gods must be kept appeased if we wish to avoid any catastrophes. He was brought in on four
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Socrates view on death
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Socrates and Plato's Apology for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us