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Greek Philosophers: Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle - Assignment Example

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The author states that Greek Philosophers were symbols of the perpetual quest for truth, knowledge, and life. Plato’s most famous piece of literature “The Republic” where Plato tries to present his thesis that we as human beings are imperfect and our reflections about the world are not ultimate. …
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Greek Philosophers: Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle
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Download file to see previous pages There are prisoners in the cave who are chained to the floor in the darkness and unable to move their bodies to see what is happening around them. Under the protection of a parapet, there are the puppeteers who display shadows on the walls. The prisoners are disillusioned that this is their reality. The story is told not from the perspective of the prisoners, but rather as a conversation between Socrates and Plato's brother - Glaucon. Plato's idea is that people are governed by the supreme forces of nature and Gods and we are unable to control our destiny and life. Everything is decided upon Gods and they are who captivate us and release us. And because people are under the possession of a higher power, we can not understand. Scharffenberger and Jowett (2004) comment that Plato's work "Republic" is identified mainly with the concept of the good. Plato's philosophy is often written as conversations and dialogues which shows that before reaching some conclusion the readers must be presented with all arguments and viewpoints (Scharffenberger and Jowett, 2004).
In the "Allegory of the Cave" scene, Socrates is the one describing the situation in the cave and he is the one to convey the idea that behind the prisoners' puppeteers exist who move objects to resemble the reality. Another important aspect of the story besides our human imperfection and wrong interpretations of reality and goodness is that we often give names to objects to make sense of the world. However, language appears to be the limit of our understanding of the physical objects that surround us, and the invisible remains indecipherable and unreachable for our mind. Our thinking is bound by our imagination and we can think as long as we see and witness existence with our sense. Beyond this, our mind can not grasp other realities. Thus, human knowledge is full of mistakes and too limited.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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