Nobody downloaded yet

Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Economic Impact of Obesity Introduction Obesity has become a common social problem in not only the United States, but also all around the world. However, there is no universal definition of obesity…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96% of users find it useful
Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review"

Download file to see previous pages There are distinctions for males and females, as well. For males, it is about 25%, while for females; it remains around 32% (Emedicine, n.p). Obesity has various health hazards, and it leads to common psychological problems. However, there remains another dimension of obesity. Obesity may have economic consequences, as well. This dimension may come across as a surprise to many individuals. However, obese people are an economic burden on the health care system. In the United States alone, the medical costs involving obese individuals stood at the figure of $147 billion (CDC, n.p). In developed countries alone, the medical costs of obesity cost around 10% of the total medical costs. Such costs also come under projection to grow (MODI, n.p). The paper, through the examination of different case studies examines the economic impacts of obesity, involving burden on the health care system, the direct as well as the indirect economic costs of obesity and the way obesity often leads to inactivity. Literature Review Since obesity has become widely known as an epidemic, numerous studies have been conducted on the purpose of assessing the economic impacts of obesity. A study by Ross A Hamond and Ruth Levine in 2010 in United States alone found out the different dimensions within the economic impacts of obesity (Hammond & Levine, pp. 285-294), which included direct medical costs, productivity costs, transportation costs and human capital costs. The purpose of this study (Hammond & Levine, pp. 285-294) was to review all the current evidence found on this particular subject. Some of the direct costs were described, which included the treatment of psychological problems such as hypertension, depression, which occurs due to obesity. Moreover, the health conditions include Type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and hypercholesterolemia. Many of these costs attribute to the research and the treatment of these problems, which poses a financial burden on medical resources. The study also mentions and elaborates the Thompson model of finding out the incidence between obesity and some particular outcomes. In this study (Hammond & Levine, pp. 285-294), a topic of interest also remains over the agreement between various studies about the economic impacts of obesity, but there are some important differences between the studies. Productivity costs, although not completely direct also examine the way obesity may pose an economic burden to the resources of a country. This problem focuses much on the productivity lost due to obesity in the labor market. It includes two dimensions: absenteeism, in which the worker is not present at the workplace because of healthcare reasons and presenteeism, in which the workers exhibit lower productivity while at work. Sometimes, obesity may also lead to disability, which further results in inactivity. Disability insurance premiums and inactivity constitutes part of indirect costs. The study mentions another example from Thompson, which found out that $5 billion were spent on indirect medical costs in 1994 in United States alone, in the form of sick leaves, life insurance and disability insurance. This particular paper by Hamond and Levine (pp. 285-294) also examined the transportation costs, associated with obesity. Overweight people tend to fit in large vehicles. They are less likely to travel by public and therefore wastage of fuel occurs. Moreover, obesity has been found by different scholars to lead to low self-esteem, lower educational attainment, and lower income, leading to low ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review Essay”, n.d.)
Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review Essay. Retrieved from
(Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review Essay)
Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review Essay.
“Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Literature review
..., but rather just a medium through which other content is explained (Brinton, Snow & Wesche, 1989). Whether this is a successful approach is debated however, but Oxford (2001) states that if the content is at a level directly proportional to the skill of the learners, then it has a greater likelihood of being effective. Such as for example, teaching basic social skills at the most basic level and progressing to more advanced content such as literature or literature analysis at later stages. The greatest advantage of CBI is that it seamlessly integrates all language skills as adapting to certain content, particularly if it revolves around the culture of the target language, would require all skills for...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
Literature review
...Facebook page, Twitter, email, even text messages mode of the station is able to receive thousands of reviews from the viewers concerning news stories that they aired. A company that places an advertisement can be able to device if its marketing strategy was successful enough. A student wishing to learn more information can use social media tools to have information concerning the degree of his/her choice. This means that social media have not only made the customers and users of the traditional media more flexible but also have increased the usage of traditional media. The social media tools have actually complemented the use of the traditional media tools. The use of social media tools, such as instant messaging, has...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment
Literature Review
...? Literature Review Literature Review Performance appraisals or evaluations are crucial element of the maintenancefunction of human resources management. Through it, the employee should receive one’s due share of benefits in terms of remuneration, rewards and sanctions, psychological motivation, wholesome and safe working environment, among others. Performance appraisals are supposed to encourage continuance and stability, not only of the workers, but also of managerial personnel from the frontline to top management. Because they are not just servomechanisms, their activities and movements have to be placed under reasonable, fair and just observation and evaluation. The current study aims to examine and evaluate various practices... and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework
Obesity literature review
...?OBESITY Introduction Obesity around the world is reaching epidemic proportions. The health risks of obesity touch on all parts of a patient's life and all parts of their medical treatment. Surgical teams have been and will continue to see more overweight, obese, and morbidly obese patients on their operating tables, and must know how to treat the specific needs of such patients. The aim of this review is to focus on the issues that impact on the safety of obese patients during the perioperative phase. There are four major themes that will be considered: 1. Obesity Measurement and...
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review
Literature Review
...?Table of Contents Table of Contents LITERATURE REVIEW MOBILIZATION AND POLITICAL TENSIONS 3 POLITICAL DEADLOCK 6 SECTARIAN DISCRIMINATION 9 THE ROLE & PARTICIPATION OF SAUDI ARABIA IN THE BAHRAIN REVOLT 10 REFERENCES 11 LITERATURE REVIEW The Bahrain is the smallest nation, with its population of 1.25 million as of 2010, in the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC) where as it has the most stratified and conglomerated society from the Gulf region. Almost 50 percent of its population comprise of Bahraini nationals while the remaining half constitutes non-Bahraini residents, among which a mass number is of Asian migrant workers those are mostly male (Central Informatics...
10 Pages(2500 words)Dissertation
Literature Review
...?Literature Review According to Bozeman and Pandey (2004), the content of decision is something that has not been attended much despite it being an obvious trait of decision making. To investigate the impacts of decision content, people generally ask questions regarding the decisions of information technology and the cutback of budget. They tend to investigate the effect of content on the time needed to make the decision, the selection of participants, the quality of information and the criteria of decision. Bozeman and Pandey (2004) had hypothesized that lesser red tape is used for making the cutback decisions as compared to the information technology decisions. After a thorough...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Economic analysis of Obesity
... habits, both economic and legal issues tends to dictate individual life, which lead to obesity. In this regard, crafting certain regulations in order to counter obesity is a good move. Economic prospects comes both a contributing factors and effects of obesity. Works cited: Ogalthorpe, Larry. Public health law: power, duty, restraint. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008. Print. Sassi, Franco. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. New York: OECD Publishing, 2010. Youfa, Wang and May, Beydoun. "The Obesity Epidemic in the United States—Gender, Age, Socioeconomic, Racial/Ethnic, and Geographic Characteristics: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis." Epidemiologic Reviews 29 (2007):6–28. Print.... ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Childhood Obesity/Parental Education/Literature Review
...? School: Topic: Unit IV Assignment: Literature Review Lecturer: Literature Review Introduction This section of the research proposal deals with reviewing of topic-related literature that is relevant to the research problem. In principle, literature review is a type of qualitative data collection procedure where there is collection of secondary data (Salkind, 2009). What this means is that at the end of the literature review, key areas of the research objectives must be achieved through the collection of secondary data. To this effect, the following...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Economic impact
...Economic impact Table of Contents Economic impact Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Supply and Demand conditions 3 Costs of Supply 6 Conclusion and Recommendations 6 References 7 Barber, C. V., Miller, K. & Boness, M. M. 2001. Securing protected areas in the face of global change: issues and strategies. Switzerland: IUCN. 7 Introduction Coffee is regarded to be an important and favourite beverage globally, especially after the commodity has consistently exhibited a downward price trend since the late 1990s. It is more popular in regions featured by high industrial growth unlike in agro-based economies where tea is the more preferred one. In fact, in high-income...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Literature Review: Cognitive Psychology Sociology Impact
...Literature Review: Cognitive Psychology Sociology Impact Number: Lecturer: Introduction. The smartphone technology is one of the rapidly evolving technologies that greatly influence the consumer behaviour including the marketing, the daily lifestyle, and business and communication activities. The smartphone technology is an advanced mobile phone technology that enables the users to access advanced functionalities in addition to the basic communication functionalities. The use of smartphones is rapidly increasing and with time this technology will replace the use of the normal mobile phones. Smartphones essentially offer great convenience and enhanced user experienced due to the advanced features inherent in the smartphone... . They are...
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Economic Impact of Obesity: Literature Review for FREE!
Contact Us