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Assignment 1 - Essay Example

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TEFL/TESL METHODOLOGY: Essay Assignment 1 Date Abstract The essay aims to respond to the following questions (Choice 1): Pick TWO of the approaches or methods below and answer: in your opinion, what constitutes effective ESL/EFL instruction in the two approaches or methods you picked?…
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Download file to see previous pages What theories of learning are they based on? How might they be useful for your context and why? What are their limitations? To address these concerns, the following two approaches are selected: (1) Direct Approach and (2) Autolingual Method. Direct Approach a. What constitutes effective ESL/EFL instruction in this approach? The direct approach as an ESL teaching method was reported to be developed by “Maximilian Berlitz around the 1880s, is based on the premise that a second language should be learned more like the first language. It uses a slow build-up of skills paired with a lot of vocabulary repetition in context to help students learn to communicate from the beginning” (Love to Know Corp., 2011, par. 1). In addition, as emphasized by Kinoshita (2003), by using the direct approach, “the teacher raises learner awareness of the purpose and rationale for strategy use, identifies the specific strategy being used, and systematically provides opportunities for practice and self-evaluation (Oxford, 1990, p.170; Wenden, 1987, p.159; cited by Kinoshita, 2003, par. 9). (Kinoshita, 2003) (Wenden, 1987). Effective ESL/EFL instruction using direct approah therefore constitutes frequent and regular oral interaction using the second language with concepts of learning the native tongue. b. What theories of learning is this approach based on? The direct approach is therefore based on the theory that learning a second language shares practically the same concepts as learning the first language (Thanasoulas, 2011, par. 5). The basic framework therefore emphasizes the need for regular and frequent oral interaction, no translation, using the language with spontaneity, and as minimal analytical application of grammatical rules and structures of syntax. As disclosed by Thanasoulas, “the principles of the Direct Method were as follows: (1) classroom instruction was conducted in the target language; (2) there was an inductive approach to grammar; (3) only everyday vocabulary was taught; and (4) concrete vocabulary was taught through pictures and objects, while abstract vocabulary was taught by association of ideas” (Thanasoulas, 2011). c. How might they be useful for your context and why? The approach can therefore be applicable and used in one’s personal context through frequent instruction and use of the second language one intends to learn where focus could be highlighted on everyday conversational language. The instructors could show pictures and visual illustrations of concrete words to assist in familiarization; and as indicated, to grasp abstract words, the instructor could use more familiar words to associate the meanings to new and abstract concepts. d. What are their limitations? As revealed and as eminent, the limitations and difficulties of this approach is the amount of time needed to learn the second language given the classroom type and time frame. To effectively use this approach, one must not be pressured by time and also by budget or financial contraints. For example, if English as a Second Language is determined to be learned using the direct approach, living longer in the United States and conversing frequently with this language as practical application is most prefered. Autolingual Method a. What constitutes effective ESL/EFL i ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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