Risks of driving automobiles while using cellular phones Cell phones have flooded the world since the start of 21st century. They have played the most important role in promoting communication and eradicating gaps in communication among all devices developed at different points in time in the history…
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Use of cell phone while driving is no less dangerous than drunk driving, and thus, should be condemned equally. People tend to deny that using cell phones while driving is dangerous and see it as a debatable topic. Cell phone use while driving is dangerous and the biggest evidence of this is the acknowledgement of dangers associated with this practice by the people who indulge in it. According to Gallup and Gallup (2003, p. 432), two-thirds of people that make use of cell phone as they drive disregard the idea that this practice is safe. There has been considerable law-making against eating while driving and sitting a child on the lap of the driver while he/she drives. Cell phone use while driving is much more dangerous than any of these cases because this practice distracts the driver mentally and makes him/her mentally absent while he/she is physically on the driving seat. The risk of using cell phone while driving increases considerably with age. As people age, they decline in their agility of reflexes and are not able to make best use of their capabilities. Ranney and Pulling (1990) have noted declines in the processing of information with increase of age. Arenberg (1982) determined increased difficulty in problem solving with increased age while Temple (1989) found that increase in age causes short term memory. All of these factors make the driving increasingly riskier. Findings of these researchers suggest that old people are more susceptible to accidents when they use cell phones while driving as compared to the young people. A lot of research has been conducted in the past to suggest that use of cell phone while driving is dangerous. Use of cell phones instantly slows down the reaction time of drivers and hence, makes them more susceptible to be caught in accidents. Young people hearing calls along with driving are no better than sleepy septuagenarians. David Strayer, the Professor of Psychology in the University of Utah conducted a comprehensive research to analyze the effects of cell phone use on the capability of drivers. The team of researchers determined in 2001 that even the hands-free calls play an important role in distracting the drivers. A reason for this was found in 2003 as a result of the continued research. They found that although the cell phone using drivers look, yet they are not able to see because their mind is focusing on the conversation. If you put a 20-year-old driver behind the wheel with a cell phone, their reaction times are the same as a 70-year-old driver who is not using a cell phone … It’s like instantly aging a large number of drivers … Once drivers on cell phones hit the brakes, it takes them longer to get back into the normal flow of traffic … The net result is they are impeding the overall flow of traffic. (Strayer cited in Britt, 2005). Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign second the results derived by Strayer and his team. Arthur Kramer, the research leader said that the cell phone using drivers of any age are not able to pick out significant changes in the surroundings, and their reaction time is also longer accordingly (Britt, 2005). Number of deaths in US per year that can be attributed to the use of cell phones while driving is 26000 while 330000 injuries happen because of accidents that
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Name Instructor Class 6 November 2011 Why People Drive Distracted The popularity of cellular phones has often been cited as one of the main causes of driving distractions that lead to poor driving performance and higher risks of accidents. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) in 2009 stresses that one of the main causes of driver distraction is using cellular phones.
The NTSB has strongly voiced against cell phone use stating that taking a call or texting is not worth a human life. The board maintains that using mobiles while driving, even with the hands-free devices, is definitely a source of distraction to the drivers.
(Cain, & Burris p. 31)
Many experts agree that the manipulative or surprise effect a ringing phone may have on a driver is not the greatest potential source of problems. The critical issue is the mental load-or driver distraction that conducting conversations may impose on vehicle operators.
Every link, or discussion, needs its own devoted frequency, and the total numeral of accessible frequencies is about 1,000. To maintain more than 1,000 instantaneous dialogues, cellular systems allot a set numeral of frequencies for every cell. Two cells can use the similar frequency for dissimilar conversations so extended, as the cells are not contiguous to each other.
Till now both these technologies have moved hand in hand without leaving much to choose between the both. Advancements in communication technology has lead the world into the era of mobiles. This technology is a result of the enhancements in the field of wireless technology.
It is the easiest and the fastest way of communication over distance.
On the other hand, driving is an activity that requires the driver’s full attention. Any kind of distraction may turn out to be disaster. Since driving means the path
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