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Health issues - Post 9/11 - Essay Example

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Running head: HEALTH ISSUES POST 9/11 Health Issues Post 9/11 [Name] [Course] [Professor] [Date Abstract 9/11 is a traumatic day in the history of America when hijacked jets hit the two towers of the World Trade Centre resulting in their collapse. This resulted in severe environmental contamination and it affected the health of those staying in the surroundings…
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Health issues - Post 9/11
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Download file to see previous pages Introduction: 9/11 has been and will always remain as a traumatic day in the minds of Americans. A day when hijacked jets hit the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in New York and the Pentagon outside Washington. Another plane smashed into a pasture in Pennsylvania. The twin towers of the World Trade Centre collapsed. Trading halted in the Wall Street. The then American President George W Bush addressed the nation and promised to bring the perpetrators of the attack to book. International experts strongly criticized the incident. This event of terror shook the Americans for an entire decade and its aftereffects- both medical and psychological persist even today. The psychological impact involves Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), increase in substance use and impact on parent role, perception and behaviors related to the 9/11 tragedy. The medical impact involves increase in the rate of cesarean delivery, respiratory symptoms of people staying around the World Trade Center and of fire fighters and others who fought the disaster. Impact on Health Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (1994), “the essential feature of the disorder is the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor involving direct personal experience of an event that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury, or other threat to one’s physical integrity; or witnessing [such an event]; or learning about [such an event] experienced by a family member or other close associate”. (Thomas, 2004, pp. 223-224) This disorder is found to cause severe depression among individuals on exposure to sound, smell, and visuals similar to those faced by the individual in the traumatic event. This disorder has been noted among the Americans post 9/11. Actual stress is evident among the Americans in the aftermath of 9/11 tragedy as they shunned public places, cancelled travel plans and tried to stay in close proximity with their friends and families. (Thomas, 2004, pp. 223-224) Increase in substance use: After the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Centre, a significant increase in substance use was noted among the Americans. Consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana increased to get rid of stress and trauma associated with the event. A research showed an increase in substance use in 10% of the sample which consisted of 1040 respondents. It also showed that high school students were three times more likely to increase substance use as compared to middle school students. Those students with higher exposure to the incident were twice more likely to increase substance use compared to those with lower exposure to the incident. (Chemtob, Nomura et. al. 2008, pp. 337-345) Impact on parent role, perception and behavior: Parenting perceptions, activities and behavior were considerably affected by the trauma associated with the 9/11 terrorist attacks. A research conducted in this regard tried to measure the extent of change in the six separate important measures of parenting- bonding, discipline, education, general welfare and protection, responsiveness, and sensitivity. The only parent measure that did not change after 9/11 was education. The findings of this study reveal the impact of 9/11 on parenting issues. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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