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What Are The Implications Of Pallasmaa's And Gladwell's Essays For Free Will - Essay Example

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Summary
Various aspects concerning the personality of an individual have been studied in great depth. Recent advances in the medical field have contributed enormously in this endeavor. However, there have been certain cases of “inexplicable” behavior…
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What Are The Implications Of Pallasmaa's And Gladwell's Essays For Free Will

Download file to see previous pages... Quote1 A model which can accurately predict human behavior despite the various complexities involved has significant implications. The importance of both the environment and of an individual's personality in determining his behavior also has been established through previous literature. However, the extent to which these factors affect the behavior of a person in a given situation is important in understanding and predicting his behavior. It has special significance to fields such as criminology, sociology and in our understanding of the human mind itself. Gladwell examines this concept by taking into account a number of situations. Rather than explain normal circumstances, he puts the theory to the test by examining extreme circumstances such as death and solitary confinement. In understanding the various external factors that influenced the actions of each of the players in the examined cases, the author is able to establish the influence of the external environment, both past environment and the present circumstances, in determining the behavior of an individual. Having studied a couple of such cases, the author makes the below claim with regard to the character of an individual. The author wants to establish, that people generally tend to underestimate the significance of the environment in determining their behavior and that their own personality is more likely to change in extreme circumstances, by stating that "The reason that most of us seem to have a consistent character is that most of us are really good at controlling our environment.." Analysis The above position taken by the author is a very interesting one, especially given our previous understanding of the topic of human personality and its close dependence on genes. The author realizes this and even refers to his own idea as being radical. However, he sticks with his theory of the significance of the environment as being the most important determinant of human behavior through the different cases examined in the study. While the case of Bernhard Goetz brings out the importance of previous environments, the study conducted in Stanford University establishes the significance of the immediate environment as the most important factor. However, in both the cases, the study has been one dimensional in nature. Information about Goetz revealed that he had a troubled childhood and an abusive father. Although external influences had shaped his personality, by the time of the shooting they had become part of it and had assisted in developing his character. In another circumstance of the case, that of the drop in crime rate because of the initiatives of the transit system, it would be worthwhile to note that group behavior was being studied rather than individual behavior which is significantly different and involves different dynamics. Hence, in order to understand the influence of the external environment versus the personality of an individual, it is important to look at a particular circumstance from various perspectives. Bridge Both the quotes highlight the importance of an individual's environment in determining his behavior. While the first quote uses the word "environment", the second one is a case wherein the theory is applied to the field of crime and refers to the external environment as triggers of violence. The second quote is a corollary of the first one which is more general in nature. Quote2 The author has given a great deal of importance to external factors in explaining the behavior of an individual. Although he has applied the concept to human behavior at large, he specifically deals with the field of crim ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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