Fire Protection Fire is among the most important yet risky phenomenon in the entire universe. Fire primarily refers to the burning or combustion process in which elements combine chemically with oxygen to produce smoke, heat, and light…
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To understand fire, there is need to analyze the paradigms, which revolve around the origin of fire in eth living world, and the significance of fire to the human race. It is important however to note that these different paradigms are different and coherent on their own, but significantly insufficient on their own self. Thus, fire may assume many definitions, which is only suitable for the specific discipline framed by the condition outside the phenomenon (Fire Research Report). Such broad definitions introduce questions relating to the real fundamentals of fire, and the characteristics that people should undertake to control and use it. This paper seeks to define and analyze the fire problem, explore some of the potential solutions to the problem, and review the first steps that will initiate the solution to the problem. Introduction Fire is among the fundamental basics in the world, both for personal and industrial use. The phenomenon is commonplace and among the elements that sustain humans in earth. Picture a world with no fire, which means there would be no cooking and other necessary processes that result from combustion or burning. Fire has numerous definitions depending on the discipline of concern. Essentially, fire is the process of burning or combustion in which chemical combination of components with oxygen takes place to produce light, smoke, and heat. However, it is common for most disciplines to have their own definition that conforms to their condition frame that lie outside the fire itself, and which seemingly poses no intrinsic intellectual identity. Such a wide and varying definition of eth phenomenon raises certain questions, which include the real fundamentals of fire and the characteristics that people should undertake to use and control it (Pyne 271). Such founding concerns seemed like illogical arguments in the initial studies on fire and its management. Then, fire was simply there, flaring and smoldering across the earth, and there was need to determine its direction, its fierce, and its speed, and subsequently devise means to stop its spread. With time, other questions emerged, especially concerning economical and ecological, though with reference to the conception that fire was embedded in physical sciences. Fire had similar impacts to the society and biota as windstorms and floods did, yet this did not provide an answer to the question of fire management. To understand fire and perhaps achieve a viable fire protection strategy, there is need to understand the three paradigms of fire: physical, cultural, and biological. Nevertheless, here is a discussion on the basics of fire (Coon 127). The Triangle of Fire Fire requires three elements to initiate. This essentially refers to the triangle of fire. If any of the elements is missing, then fire will not ignite, or if already burning, will quench the flames. These three elements are fuel, oxygen, and heat. Fire needs some consumable elements to ignite or to continue burning. This consumable material or element is the fuel, which may be a gas, a liquid, or a solid. Furthermore, fire requires oxygen to burn. Removing oxygen from the fire will put off the flames. In technical terms, this is what experts call ‘quenching’ a fire. In atmospheres with less than 16% of oxygen, fires will not burn or combust (Coon 164). Heat refers to the energy that the fire requires to burn, without which the flames dies. The fire triangle simply shows the elements that must be present before a fire starts. Fig 1: The
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Beattie (60) explains that most occurrences of industrial fires have been noted to happen when systems are impaired or out of use. Hence facilities that detect and protect fires always have to be installed so that in case of any occurrence, the fire will be easily contained.
Until Friday 7 o’clock in the morning, Las Vegas was active with the thrill of COMDEX ’80 and the gamblers’ shouts trying to strike the jackpot – but then disaster struck. Smoke and fire engulfed the MGM Grand Hotel, taking the lives of eight members of COMDEX along with 76 other victims.
It requires commitment and sheer passion to save humanity in order to transcend ones self-interest and overcome ones fears for the sake of saving a human life. Risking one’s life at the cost of other’s well-being- such is the life of a firefighter. Hence, what seems a mere act of bravery is more than just that- it requires not just courage but determination.
First, it is the only fire incident of its kind to have occurred in a theatre in the US. Secondly, Iroquois theatre fire, Chicago, IL, December 30, 1903 is the deadliest single burning fire that has occurred both in the US and elsewhere in the world (Brandt, 4). The
Usually, the devices for manual fire alarm activation in a building are situated conveniently near exits and where they can be easily identified and operated. Such devices for manual activation include fire alarm boxes, manual pull stations, call points or
As such, it is imperative that there should be proper arrangements of managing fire not only in times of fire outbreak but also during normal use. This paper will discuss the systematic approach to fire investigation.
Fire is often
Here, the project management team must determine how the raw materials are delivered, storage and their transfer to the batch or continuous process areas of the facility. The next issues are to understand satisfactorily the conditions.
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