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Environmental Engineering and Civil Engineering in the UK - Case Study Example

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The paper "Environmental Engineering and Civil Engineering" highlights that the United Kingdom needs to effectively plan and implement strategies such that the issues and difficulties do not affect the sustainability measures of these properties and schemes…
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Environmental Engineering and Civil Engineering in the UK
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Download file to see previous pages Traffic congestion can be realized to occur when the traffic management system fails to effectively manage excess vehicles on a particular road or when the demand is too high to tackle. It is of major concern to society since traffic jams lead to a lot of time wastage for travelers and vehicles. The traffic signals involving continuous stop and go processes lead to increased consumption of fuels for the vehicles. If the speeds of the vehicles are slowed down, it also leads to greater emissions of hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxide gases in the air that are harmful to live beings. Rising levels of noise is another major concern for the society arising from the slow traffic in particular regions. Congested areas also affect the proper maintenance of the roads, lead to a greater number of accidents, and also affect the foundations of older buildings in a city or country that cannot tolerate the higher levels of vibration resulting from traffic congestions (Robinson 1984).
Besides the society as a whole, there are sustainability impacts of traffic congestions on both the environment and economy of a region that make the topic of study further important. As one of the environmental effects has been mentioned earlier, the accelerations of vehicles being repeating at lower speeds due to uneven drive lead to greater consumption of fuels. This also causes higher emission of pollutants in the air which is extremely harmful to the living environment. As a result of the stress, the poor circulation of air leads to a greater concentration of pollutant particles within the vehicle. Congestions lower the speeds of the public transport thus reducing their efficiencies and attractiveness for travelers (Economic and environmental impacts of traffic jams n.d.).
Considering the economic impacts, there are both direct and indirect costs in relation to traffic congestion. Losses of time and fuel are the major causes of direct costs associated with congestion.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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