Engineering analysis: Piston - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper gives an engineering analysis of the fluid flow system in a car piston of a two-stroke spark ignition combustion engine. This paper also addresses the suitable material, piston sizing and nature of the fluid flow system in a car engine…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
Engineering analysis: Piston
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Engineering analysis: Piston"

Engineering analysis Piston This paper gives an engineering analysis of the fluid flow system in a car piston of a two stroke spark ignition combustion engine. The piston is an engine component that helps in compression and sucking of air into the cylinder. It is generally designed to withstand the possible effects that could be as a result of high compression pressures and temperatures that lead to transient loading and shock loads. This paper also addresses the suitable material, piston sizing and nature of the fluid flow system in a car engine. The piston is a very crucial part of the engine due to the distributions of temperatures, the stress variations and the inherent nature of the combustion chamber of the engine.
In the automotive engines, the most common used material for making the piston is Aluminum because of its lightweight, affordability and its availability (Rao, 2011). Due to the high combustion temperatures of the cylinders, copper and nickel are used as the materials to help increase the tensile strength of the piston. These materials also help to increase the hardness and the elastic modulus of the piston. The size of the piston is as follows, 30cm3 clearance volume, bore diameter of 57mm, displacement volume of 145.55cm3 with the length of stroke to be 57mm and a compression ratio of 5.8 (Mashadi & Crolla, 2012).
Fluid flow in a piston serves two major functions , to act as a coolant due to the high temperatures of the combustion chamber and also for lubrication to smoothen the numerous reciprocating motions that the pistons makes during the respective strokes (Mashadi & Crolla, 2012). The piston is also designed foe air compression hence the fluid flow analysis is as follows;
The Piston crown design influences the characteristics of the fluid flow field depending on the different shapes of the piston crowns. During the intake and compression strokes of the pistons, the swirl and tumble air flow is created because of the high turbulence created in the cylinder. This is greatly influenced by the shape of the piston that creates a turbulence of the air to enhance proper mixing with the fuel.
Forced lubrication oil passes though the pores on the piston to enhance lubrication with the cylinder walls and also the cooling fluid to cool off the piston during operation. The oil seals guard these fluids and compression springs on the piston to contain the fluids against leakages.
Rao, R. V. (2011). Advanced modeling and optimization of manufacturing processes: International research and development. London: Springer.
Mashadi, B., & Crolla, D. (2012). Vehicle powertrain systems. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K: Wiley. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Engineering analysis: Piston Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Engineering Analysis: Piston Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Engineering Analysis: Piston Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Engineering analysis: Piston


...? Merits and Distinctions: Engineering Problems Tasks -- Part 1 30 words) Protective eyewear is necessary when soldering at all times to protect eyes. Source: Courtesy of Google Images, 2011. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) laboratories are necessary in order to ensure the safe handling of chemicals. See below. Courtesy: Google Images, 2011. 1.2: (30 words) It is necessary to protect oneself against being unnecessarily harmed by power equipment like an electric drill. Avoidance of toxic chemicals coming into contact with eyes or skin is ideal. 1.3: (30 words) 1. Identify the problem. 2. Find the best solution quickly. 3. Carry out the solution. 4. Get a routine follow-up afterwards. 5. Make sure to check with your...
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

Investigation Into Piston Failures

...factors. In some piston failures, high temperature fatigue such as creep is also present while in various other piston failures, thermal fatigue and thermal–mechanical fatigue are also present. In further sections, we will take in to consideration different pistons, from different kinds of engines such as train engines, automotive engines, motorcycle engine and in particular, diesel engines in order to assess various piston-failure mechanisms specifically in which fatigue is the dominant cause of failure over the other damaging mechanisms. In order to understand the damaging mechanism in...
48 Pages(12000 words)Dissertation

Engineering vs. Engineering Technology

...societal needs. On the other hand, the aim of engineering technology is to offer knowledge that is essential in applying state-of-the-art techniques and designs to meet the current societal needs. Therefore, a person pursuing engineering can design and apply techniques. However, a person pursuing engineering technology can only apply the techniques but are not capable of designing systems. Another point of comparison is the program emphasis. The engineering program places its emphasis on developing methods of analysis and solutions for design problems which are open-ended. However, the engineering technology program lays its emphasis on...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Process Analysis In Software Engineering

...? Process improvement Number: Lecturer: Question Process analysis is an important process in software engineering. With software engineering and software being improved, process analysis is an important process. There is a need to ensure that the various processes that are included in the software is optimized enough to solve the problems that are found in the system. There are various goals of process analysis. One of the goals of process analysis is to understand the processes that are run in these processes. It is good to understand the processes that are run in a system. This will give a clear working relationship and will enable one to update the system with ease. Another goal of process analysis is to be able to understand... the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Civil Engineering Numerical Analysis

...Civil Engineering Numerical Analysis The governing equation for the given problem is ; ; The solution to the above equations can be determined using the Galerkin Method. According to Galerkin method the solution of for the above equation is obtained using a test function v. with u =0 and v=0 at x =0 and integrating by parts following equations are obtained (1) Thus this indicates that for u(x) as the solution for displacement in the bar the left hand side of this equation. The linear interpolation functions chosen 3 node bar elements given as shown below 1 2 3 The unknown U is defined across the problem domain using the interpolation functions N1, N2 and N3 as U= N1U1 + N2 U2 + N3 U3. The interpolation...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Financial Analysis of Genivar Engineering

...Genivar PLC - Financial Analysis Overview Genivar is one of the largest firms in Canada. It caters to both the private and public sector. The core competence of the company is providing a full range of consulting services that includes engineering, project management and environment management. The consulting services involve all execution phases of a project from planning to commissioning. The company employs 3,500 human resources in over 65 locations in Canada and overseas. In FY 2008, Genivar PLC recorded revenues of $387.3 million, an increase of 50.8% over FY 2007. The earnings before income tax and non-controlling interest was recorded at $18.7 million, an increase 67.2%. The net earnings and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Engineering analysis 2

...The Runge-Kutta method finds its seeds in the Euler Method for solving ordinary differential equations. Euler method numerically evaluates the differential equation expressed by f(x,y) by taking small steps ‘h’ for evaluation for the interval over which the differential equation is to be solved for ‘y’ in variable ‘x’. It treats the nth step through the following equation: This equation essentially integrates the differential function by dividing it into small steps ‘h’ and multiplying it with the differentially function up to that step to obtain the integrated value of the area under the curve, which lets us evaluate the original function ‘y’. This method, of course, introduces error due to the nature of the treatment... Runge-Kutta method...
3 Pages(750 words)Speech or Presentation

Engineering Analysis 4 - Assignment

...Engineering Analysis By Presented to September 9, Engineering Analysis Question at a) I) UsingCharacteristic equation Finding the characteristic equation of the equation Thus the characteristic equation of the above given equation is; Finding the roots of the characteristic equation using the formula, we have Thus the roots are either Or The roots of the differential equation are –3 and –2 this implies that he roots of the equation are distinct and real thus the general solution of the equation is ii) Using Laplace transform is transformed into Decomposing the above into partial fractions we have Thus by correspondence, the it implies that the inverse Laplace transform...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Engineering/Value Analysis

...Value Engineering and Value Analysis Value implies maintenance of quality and performance with reduced cost. Value combines price,efficiency, quality and service to ensure economy and customer satisfaction. It follows, therefore, that value engineering, is a systematic process that includes analysis of the functions of products and process in order to achieve the functions of reducing cost while at the same time maintaining value. Younker (2003) says that value engineering seeks to retain crucial elements of product functions such as quality, reliability and maintainability. Attainment of the mentioned elements calls for an examination of the functions of...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Usability Engineering Quantitative Analysis

...Introduction This exercise involves the analyses of data that has been taken from a 3 day diary study and another set of data collected from students. The objective of this study is to understand the reading experience of students in the class. From the spreadsheets provided, the data will be cleaned and encoded for analysis on excel sheets. The report below presents the quantitative analysis of this data as determined. Data analysis In order to clean up and encode the data, the data was scrutinized in order to identify the most important fields that were weighty in regard to their contribution to the decisions to be made. The fields that were selected were: What did you read? , what...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Engineering analysis: Piston for FREE!

Contact Us