Manufacturing process for (intermediate modulus) IM Carbon fibre reinforced composites - Coursework Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Carbon fiber is a fiber comprising at least 90% of carbon and is manufactured by pyrolysis of an organic precursor fiber that is in an inert atmosphere. This production takes place in the following phases: spinning, oxidation and carbonization.
Acrylonitrile plastic powder is…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
Manufacturing process for (intermediate modulus) IM Carbon fibre reinforced composites
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Manufacturing process for (intermediate modulus) IM Carbon fibre reinforced composites"

Manufacturing Process of IM Carbon Fiber reinforced Composite Introduction Carbon fiber is a fiber comprising at least 90%of carbon and is manufactured by pyrolysis of an organic precursor fiber that is in an inert atmosphere. This production takes place in the following phases: spinning, oxidation and carbonization.
Acrylonitrile plastic powder is combined with another plastic, such as methyl acrylate or methyl methacrylate, then is reacted with a catalytic agent in a solution polymerization procedure and results in a polyacrylonitrile plastic( Mazumdar, 2002.
The plastic then is spun into fibers via one of numerous dissimilar methods. In certain procedures, the plastic is combined with some chemicals and forced through minute jets into an element bath or stimulate chamber where the plastic congeals and hardens into fibers. This is alike to the procedure applied to give polyacrylic textile fibers. Alternatively, the plastic combination is heated and propelled via minute jets into a chamber where the solvents vaporize, and remains a solid fiber (Mazumdar, 2002). The spinning stage is significant since the internal atomic arrangement of the fiber is made during this procedure.
The fibers then are cleaned and strained to the preferred fiber breadth. The straining aids align the particles within the fiber and delivers the root for the creation of the firmly bonded carbon crystals after carbonization.
Before carbonizing the fibers, they are chemically changed to transform their linear atomic bonding to a further thermally steady stepladder bonding. This is fulfilled by heating them in air to around 390-590° F for between 120 minutes. This grounds the fibers to take oxygen particles from the air and reposition their nuclear bonding arrangement. The steadying chemical reactions are composite and include numerous steps, several of which happen concurrently (Morgan, 2005)... They too produce their particular heat, which ought to be controlled to evade overheating the fibers. Commercially, the steadiness procedure uses a variation of apparatus and systems. In some courses, the fibers are drained via a sequence of heated chambers. In others, the fibers are passed over rollers at high temperatures and through beds of unattached materials seized in suspension by a movement of hot air. Some methods use heated air combined with some gases which chemically hasten the stabilization.
After the stabilization, the fibers are then heated to a temperature of around 1,830-5,500° F for a number of minutes in a furnace full of a gas combination that does not comprise oxygen. The absence of oxygen avoids the fibers from burning at very high temperatures. Keeping the gas pressure in the furnace at higher temperatures as compared to the outside air pressure and the areas where the fibers go in and out the furnace are closed to avoid oxygen entrance. As the fibers are heated, they start to lose their atoms, that is non-carbon atoms plus a little carbon atoms, in the form of numerous gases comprising water vapor, ammonia, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and others(Morgan, 2005).. As these non-carbon atoms are ejected, the residual carbon atoms leads to tightly bonded carbon quartzes that are ranged more or less corresponding to the extended axis of the fiber. In certain procedures, two furnaces functioning at two dissimilar temperatures are utilized to healthier regulate the degree of heating through carbonization.

Carbonizing process
A picture for both stabilizing and spinning

Morgan, P. (2005). Carbon fibers and their composites. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis.
Singh, M. (2001). 25th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics, Materials, and Structures, A[-B] January 21-27, 2001, Cocoa Beach, Florida. Westerville, Ohio: American Ceramic Society.
Mazumdar, S. K. (2002). Composites manufacturing: materials, product, and process engineering. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Manufacturing process for (intermediate modulus) IM Carbon fibre Coursework”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Manufacturing Process for (intermediate Modulus) IM Carbon Fibre Coursework)
“Manufacturing Process for (intermediate Modulus) IM Carbon Fibre Coursework”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Manufacturing process for (intermediate modulus) IM Carbon fibre reinforced composites

Fibre Reinforce Polymer Composites in Bridge Structures

...varies with the inclination angle of the fibres. Fig. 2: Poisson?s ratio as a function of inclination angle of the fibres The Manufacturing Process of Fibre Reinforce Polymer Before the process of manufacturing an FRP composite, the right technology needs to be chosen. This is done by putting into consideration certain factors such as the number of elements, their dimensions, and the shapes of the elements to be produced. Other requirements that pertain to issues such as the Young’s modulus, tensile strength, and other properties such as surface quality, accuracy of...
20 Pages(5000 words)Term Paper

Fibre Reinforced Plastics

...There are number of manufacturing processes that are used in producing Fibre Reinforced Plastics. These include the 1. Hand Lay-Up process 2. Spray Lay-Up process 3. Vacuum Bagging 4. Filament Winding 5. Pultrusion However the manufacturing process that is usually used in the manufacturing of components and structural parts of aircrafts and F1 racing cars include the following (Cripps David, 2000) 1. Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) 2. Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Moulding (VARTM) 3. Prepegs 4. Resin Film Infusion. (RFI) 1. Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM) - This is a closed moulding...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Flexural Test For Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer

...Abstract It will be examination of the time dependence of water absorption by immersing the samples of Glass fibre-reinforced polyester (GFRP) in salt and normal water, after that measuring the mass of the specimens at specific moments. After that a flexural test will be done using a three point bending method. The main objective of this experiment is to expand the knowledge about the GFRP and its behaviour. Glass fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (GFRP) were subjected to water immersion tests to know the results of the water absorption on the mechanical properties. 20 specimens with 10cm long of GFRP were used to this experiment, measuring their weight under...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete

...compared based on the distribution of fiber in the concrete, and based on the shape of the fiber, i.e. HE and XR. Literature Review Influence of Fibers on Mechanical Properties of SFRC There are different types of steel fibers sold under various commercial names. Based on their manufacturing process, they are divided into four types, namely – slit sheet, cut wire/cold drawn, mill cut and melt extract (Elsaigh 2007). They are also classified based on shapes such as hooked-end wire, straight slit sheet, enlarged end, machined chips etc. Fig. 1: Images showing hooked-end and deformed slit sheet steel fibers ( The mechanical properties of SFRC are largely influenced by the type of fiber, its...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Carbon-Fibre Composite Materials

... widely applied in automobile processing. Carbon fibres are those fiber materials derived from carbon. They are mixed and bound together with other materials such as polymer resins processed under heat, pressure and vacuum to derive the special properties for the composites (Johnson, T. n.d). They are considered as new breed for high strength materials. It contains about 90% carbon fiber which is very durable and strong. They are very suitable when used in applications requiring stiffness, strength, lesser weight and superior fatigue characteristics (Hegde, et al. 2004). Carbon Fiber composite polymers or CFRP are devised in automobile manufacturing as they are lightweight yet rigid materials. CFRP includes thermosetting of resins... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Retrofitting of Existing Reinforced Concrete Members with Carbon Fibre

...compressive strength 28 days after casting of three 300 mm by 150 mm diameter cylinders. The mean concrete compressive strength was found to be 29 MPa. Figure 4 below shows the failure specimen. Fig. 4. Concrete specimen in cylinder compression test. Uniaxial tension was used to test for longitudinal reinforcement of the steel bars. Table 3 shows the details of the material properties for the reinforced steel. The mean elastic modulus was 209GPa. Steel with nominal diameter of 8 mm was used to fabricate the stirrups, although this steel was not tested at all in the experimental work. Table. 3.Mechanical properties of steel bars. According to the specifications by the...
32 Pages(8000 words)Essay

Manufacturing Process

...Logistics: Manufacturing Process Johnson & Johnson manufacturing process Johnson & Johnson (J&J) is an American multinational and the world’s biggest manufacturer of consumer goods like baby care, health care, beauty care products. J&J basks in glory of an impeccable reputation regarding quality assurance. J&J has invested in technology as well as systems for its factory management, manufacturing process management, standards for safety and health. The following are two instances in which J&J decided to upgrade their technologies in one of the emerging market in Thailand (manufacturing hub for the region)...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Chemical and physical properties of carbon-fibre reinforced composites

...). There still lies a great challenge in production of carbon-fibre composites because of the expensive raw materials and the complex, time consuming and labour intensive processes. However, the current state of technology is heavily investing on research that is dedicated towards finding lasting solutions to the cost of carbon reinforced fibres and adopt them more proportionally in the manufacture of vehicle body structures. Conventional metals are cheaper than composite materials whose cost is usually high. This means that the main targets for future development should be the use of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Fibre-reinforced plastic

...Fibre-reinforced plastic Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) also referred to as Fibre-reinforced plastic is a type of composite material, which is made from a polymer matrix that is fibre reinforced (ngcc). They have more than two physical phases. One phase has the fibrous dispersed in its continuous pattern, the second one the fibres are continuous and the third one has a fine interphase. The fibres forming the reinforcements are usually carbon, glass and aramid. In certain cases, manufacturers of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Using Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer

...Using Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer Section 1 Using CFRP (Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer) composites for car body structural applications has several advantages over traditional metallic components. First, CFRP technology has tensile strengths higher than traditional metallic materials do. CFRP composites are one of the world’s toughest and commercially viable fibres in terms of tension. The rigidity of any component is reliant on its modulus of elasticity. CFRP components have an elasticity modulus of 20 msi, which is relatively equal to a strength of 500 msi, while steel has 10 msi. This property is beneficial to cars bodied with CFRP materials since they can endure an immense amount of energy or force without twisting... Ferrari....
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Manufacturing process for (intermediate modulus) IM Carbon fibre reinforced composites for FREE!

Contact Us