Nobody downloaded yet

Implantable cardiac pacemaker - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Implantable Cardiac Pacemaker Name: Institution Abstract The increasing cases of heart failure evoked research and development along the medical field and this led to the invention of pacemaker. It is important to underline the various concepts that surround this gadget as far its structural and functional components is concerned…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
Implantable cardiac pacemaker
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Implantable cardiac pacemaker"

Download file to see previous pages Its blood pumping role is set at a certain pulse limit below or above which the process becomes abnormal which may be fatal.In this regard, a device called pacemaker which is an artificial pulse regulator was invented for those with malfunctioning heart muscle. It is the comparison between the structure and functions of the device that is taken through critical investigation with the aim of establishing its mechanism of pulsating. The clinical problem that the device addresses, including a brief description of the therapeutic function, and a brief history of the development and deployment of the device The management and caring for patients diagnosed with cardiac problem has been very challenging in the present world owing to the complexity of these infections. Electric pacing is one of the latest medical engineering developments that has gained acceptance as being one of the common prophylactic or therapeutic strategies of managing cardiac problems in patients. In the management of myocardial infections compounded by system injury, temporary cardiac pacing devices often play a significant role (Luderitz, 2012). It is at this point that cardiac pacemaker is deployed in order to help patients suffering from cardiac problems. The primary function of cardiac pacemaker in clinical and medical health is to pace hearts to help in recognizing the presence of intrinsic cardiac electrical activity and to restrain pacing of the heart in the absence of normal intrinsic impulses. This electric pacing device is often implanted in the heart of patients diagnosed with sinus node dysfunction. Only two approaches were commonly employed in the restoration of cardiac arrest (Bernstein, 2002, pp.260-2). This happened years before cardiac pacemakers were advanced. The two methods were intracardial therapy and mechanical simulation. The first successful heart pacing treatment was a case of an Australian baby that used Lidwill’s apparatus as the artificial pacemaker. Irrespective of the drugs and medical therapy used in this first pacing case, medical doctors at the New York Beth Hospital attributed the success to the prick needle inserted into the heart. The design was named after the founder, Hyman’s pacemaker, which took place in 1932. Interest in pacemakers (artificial pacemakers) with respect to cardiology rekindled after WWII, this time round, the exercise was spearheaded by Callagan, Hopps, and Bigelow, research experts at the University of Toronto, Canada. After conducting a thoracotomy, John Hopps designed the first artificial pacemaker with the ability to produce impulses at the desired rhythm (Bigelow, 2008, p.841). However, the first case of clinical application of pacemaker happened in 1952. This first successful application of pacemaker involved Zoll’s pacemaker. This occurred at the Boston Beth Israel Hospital when a man aged 75 was admitted to suffering episodes perceived to be Stokes Adams attack (collapse without warning and unconsciousness) and heart blockage, a condition that is common among the elderly and is associated with ischemic disease of the heart (Bigelow, 2008, p. 842). The first implantation of the pacemaker took place on October 8, 1958. This involved Mr. Larsson Arne (aged 43) who was found to be suffering from Stokes-Adams attacks and complete heart block. However, following the increase in technological innovation and advancements in the late 1970’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Implantable cardiac pacemaker Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Implantable cardiac pacemaker Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from
(Implantable Cardiac Pacemaker Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Implantable Cardiac Pacemaker Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words.
“Implantable Cardiac Pacemaker Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Implantable cardiac pacemaker

An implantable cardiac pacemaker

...? An Implantable Cardiac Pacemaker Introduction Heart failure is a common medical problem that affects over five million people in the United States of America (Zhan, p. 14). This medical condition is catastrophic if not checked and it contributes to about three hundred thousand deaths every year. Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump normal amounts of blood supply to meet the needs of the body. Incidentally, heart failure is precipitated by the weakening of heart muscles over a period of time. Due to this, the heart resorts to straining its muscles to work harder in order to meet the body’s demand for blood. The straining of the heart causes further damage to the heart...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

CARDIAC ARREST generated in special pacemaker cells in the upper chamber, or atrium, of the heart”. When the heart muscles cannot contract and expand, the blood supply from heart stops and the body of an individual dooms to death. The death occurs in cardiac arrest mainly due to the lack of supply in blood and oxygen to the brain. It is unfortunate to know that sudden death mainly happen due to cardiac arrest and many a times people are unaware before hand that their heart functioning is weak. The heart is a muscle and when the blood supplying vessels get narrowed the heart gets irritated .In cardiac arrest the blood vessels completely get blocked due to the clotting of blood and it...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Cardiac changes

...?   Cardiac Changes       Cardiac Changes Cardiac Changes Cardiac changes take place with maturation in every human being. Aging produces significant cardiovascular transformations. The cardiac productivity diminishes, arteriosclerosis develops and blood pressure rises (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2003). The lungs of the aging individual illustrate damaged exchange of gas, decelerated expiratory flow speeds, and a reduction in essential capacity. In addition, physiologic aging is also accompanied by decreased elasticity and compliance of the large arteries and aorta. This leads to enhanced impedance to left ventricular ejection, an elevated...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cardiac Catheterization

...Conventional compression vs. vessel closure devices Cardiac catheterization has evolved over the years without any major changes in the basic procedure. If we look at other surgical procedures they have evolved into completely different procedure over the time but cardiac catheterization has not changed a lot and that shows how strong the principles of this procedure are. History shows that in 1844, Claude Bernard "passed a catheter into both the right and left ventricles of a horse's heart via a retrograde approach from the jugular vein and carotid artery. In 1929, in Eberswalde, Germany, a 25-year-old surgical trainee was the first to pass a catheter into the heart of a living person-his own. In 1947,...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Cardiac Nursing

...on the distance walked because of time and treatment condition. Although the self-efficacy intervention did not show a direct effect on level of PA self-efficacy as hypothesized, there was an indirect interaction effect on distance walked and physical activity confidence. There was appropriate ethical approval, and protection of human participants was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board. The final sample included 83 volunteers with diagnosed coronary heart disease, 68.7% men (n = 57) and 31% women (n = 26). Ages ranged from 65 to 80 years (M= 71.78, SD 4.38). Of the participants, 71% entered Phase I cardiac rehabilitation for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), the remainder had a...
16 Pages(4000 words)Book Report/Review

Cardiac Rehabilitation

...Chapter 2.0 Literature Review on Cardiac Rehabilitation 2 Issues in Cardiac Rehabilitation Coronary Heart Disease is currently the most pressing health concern of the modern world. Man has devised ways to address the issue which included the procedure named Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABG). This procedure, however, was too invasive and traumatic that different procedures had been devised. This included Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) now more commonly referred to as Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). According to Vaught and Ostrow (2000), the procedure was first effectively performed in 1977. Vought and Otsrow (2000) favors PIC as compared to CABG because it requires...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The Implantable Gastric Stimulator

.... However, all these usual major surgical procedures (e.g., removal or blocking off of a portion of the stomach) have possible side-effects and risks. GES is a relatively new surgical technique which avoids the drawbacks of the conventional bariatric surgery procedures. 3. What is IGS GES involves an implantable a pacemaker-like device to provide the stomach with low-level electrical stimulation. A battery pack is laproscopically implanted in a subcutaneous pocket of the abdominal wall, and a wire that provides electrical stimulation is extended from it to the stomach. The theory is that...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

Cardiac Care

...Review of the EMS article, the Cutting Edge Cardiac Care The medical article, Cutting Edge Cardiac Care issued by EMS World in February tackles the improvement of the pre-hospital cardiac care with the help of advance technology and innovation particularly with the ARCTIC Program.EMS stands for Emergency Medical Services while EMS World is an online publication that provides EMS news and training for paramedics. The Advanced Resuscitation Cooling Therapeutics and Intensive Care or ARCTIC is the most comprehensive program of its kind in the United States. According to the article, ARCTIC has two goals and these are: 1) to restart the heart as quickly as possible, and to start cooling as early as possible, and 2) transport patients...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cardiac Contractility

...Cardiac Contractility Increased Cardiac Contractility: Introduction of ionotropic agents such as digitalis increase contractility of the heart and, therefore, cause increase in the cardiac output. Due to this effect, the intersection point between cardiac output and venous return curve in ‘figure 5’ shift higher up. (Costanzo, 2010). Keeping this new change in mind, it can be presented on the graphical solver as shown below. Fig: 7. Effect of different variables on graphical solution Increase Heart Rate: Increasing the heart rate also increases the cardiac output. This is because cardiac output is the total volume of blood ejected from...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Living With a Cardiac Pacemaker

...Question One A demand pacemaker is an artificial gadget that is usually implanted into cardiac tissue. The gadget is implanted because its electrical stimuli can be undermined by the endogenous electric activity. A pacemaker is important because it helps a person to enjoy optimal health levels in spite of a slow and irregular heart rhythm (Kenny 297). The device allows the body to have an appropriate amount of blood circulation. A pacemaker can eliminate the symptoms associated with bradycardia by regulating the heart’s rhythm (Ramsdale and Archana 25). The device ensures that individuals have more energy. In addition, they experience...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Implantable cardiac pacemaker for FREE!

Contact Us