Nobody downloaded yet

Geographic Information System on a civil engineering - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name of student: Course: Tutor: Geographic Information System on Civil Engineering Abstract This research paper assesses the requirements of GIS in civil engineering. It reviews such applications as necessary in the field of civil engineering…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.4% of users find it useful
Geographic Information System on a civil engineering
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Geographic Information System on a civil engineering"

Download file to see previous pages Key to this research is the various information software used in the analysis and presentation of civil engineering works. Introduction The GIS (geographic information system) is a modern scientific system and software capable of acquiring or capturing, recording, integrating and present in more clearly and understandable format for all geographic data. The system will analyze information such as landscape, terrain and hydrology and eventually display the required output whether in 3-D or maps to be used in engineering purposes. Since GIS is jurisdictional, they can be specifically designed to analyze and present civil engineering data and therefore aid in civil engineering design. Such application especially witnessed in GIS is restrictive and would therefore be a civil engineers very important tool. Any application information system that has the ability to capture, integrate, analyze and display in such formats that can be understood is called GIS (Chang 2008). In civil engineering GIS can be taken to use such software as CAD and PROKON which analyze and present civil engineering data. PROKON can be adequately used to carry out structural analysis and present the results in more practical engineering terms. The info is then used for the practical design to ensure completion of the project. Others include Nisa Design Studio, Fastrack, Structural BIM, Vision Civil and S-Frame (Fu & Sun. 2010). Literature review Application of GIS can be traced back to the 1832 use of spatial analysis in what has recently become known as the field of epidemiology. This was done by the Geographer Charles Picquet who attempted to represent the whole city of Paris, showing all its districts, using colour variations or gradient. Further developments could include the cholera representation in London by John Snow where points were used to indicate specific cases in specific areas in regard to geographic location and proximity. The Snow representation added value to the previously existing ideas of topography as the element of analysis of clusters was incorporated in addition to the aspect of representation or depiction that was earlier known. This has been the basis of GIS applications where cartographic methods are used to analyze geographically dependent elements (Chang 2008). With advancement in technology and by the 20th century, there was the development of photozincography where maps could now be split into layers to represent vegetation, water and similar phenomena. Though tedious, the aspect of separate layers made it more interesting and accurate as confusion was easily avoided by the draughtsman working on the maps. Colour printing improved this further where printing was done and this enhanced quality output of the maps as well as proper storage. This was the basis of the contemporary GIS concept (Chang 2008). The Canadian GIS (CGIS) brought with it more advantages as opposed to the previous technique of computer mapping. Through CGIS, it was possible to do overlays, measurement and scanning, a feature not previously available through computer mapping. Since the system supported the national coordinate system which covered the whole continent and also stored locational information as supporting files, the system was more effective in analyzing geographic data for it was mainly designed. The result of the Dr. Tomlinson’s contribution is the basis of the modern GIS and is thus conveniently referred to as ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Geographic Information System on a civil engineering Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/engineering-and-construction/1398944-geographic-information-system-on-a-civil
(Geographic Information System on a Civil Engineering Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/engineering-and-construction/1398944-geographic-information-system-on-a-civil.
“Geographic Information System on a Civil Engineering Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/engineering-and-construction/1398944-geographic-information-system-on-a-civil.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Geographic Information System on a civil engineering

Geographic Information Systems

...that assists in decision making by using spatial information. The main objective is the determination of effective use of resource at the right geographic location at the right time and the deployment of proper advanced technologies at the prescribed locations in order to get the most out of the research. Figure 2: implementation OF A GIS. I am a technology that is supported by disciplines of Geography, engineering, computer science and statistics just to name a few. The hardware required for my implementation in an environment comprises of fast computing devices, extensive storage mechanisms and input mechanisms that capture data from various means. Successful implementation of my...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

The Geographic Information System Program

...the society negatively. The application of the geographical information system is preceded by the art of making maps where GIS sought to modernize the trade. Past civilizations are credited for their role in shaping descriptive illustration of their surroundings, which fuelled advancements in the area. Cartography dates back to ancient civilizations where scholars and explorers passionately expressed their view of the world, as they perceived it, similar concepts were adopted with technological advances to generate digitized models of desired regions of the earth. This can be attributed to the quest towards improved geo-referenced...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Civil Engineering

...Hurley L, Mounce S., Ashley R, Butler D and Memon, F. A. ,(2007), Flexible Process Frameworks for the Evaluation of Relative Sustainability in Water Management Decisions, The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 2(7),pp 57-68. http://ijt.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.42/prod.271 Dhir R K, Paine A K and Leary S O', (2003), Use of Recycled Concrete in Payment Construction : A Case study, in Sustainable Waste Management , Proceedings of the International Symposium, Ed. Dhir R K, New lands M D and Dyer T D ,Thomas Telford, pp 373-381. http://books.google.com/booksid=Z5j1H7gJTdIC&pg=PT1&lpg=PT1&dq=Sustainable+Waste+Management+,+Proceedings+of+the+International+Symposium,+Thomas+Telford,&source=web&ots=UiQ4LtUfXL... L, Mounce ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Civil Engineering

...and the use of new arriving technology. Computers as soon as they make it into the market are used in the design of these low roads (p.1). Another most crucial benefit is that low road managers do not need to wait for approval from the bureaucratic system ((p.1). High and low road especially differ in where they are being built for instance in the highways system, a different road classification is utilized -it is what makes it functional and accessible to the public and other road users. In the low road classification, it is rendered more to those who live in remote areas and use less of the public road system. It is extremely beneficial to the civil...
45 Pages(11250 words)Dissertation

Civil Engineering

...and compliance. Emaar Construction Company possesses all characteristics of an innovative organization which include use of latest construction technologies, business segmentation, geographic expansion, risk taking, intense customer focus, cross-functional teams, development of innovative marketing strategies to sustain businesses, and providing the people with premier life style. Emaar has not only implemented innovation oriented strategies in all departments of the company but also it has successfully developed an innovation based culture in order to demonstrate innovation in all aspects. Gillies (2009) states, “innovative culture can often be the difference between a successful and a not-so-successful...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Geographic Information System

...Geographic Information System al Affiliation: How decision-making affect span of control during a disaster or emergency Decision making affects the duration of control directly during a disaster or emergency. The effectiveness of decision making is dependent on the decision maker’s ability in adequately assess threats. It is also dependent on one’s ability to determine the forces and equipments that should be utilized to overcome the threat before severe damage occurs. A decision is much likely to bear much impact during an emergency or disaster if his subordinate team is adequately trained and motivated. This kind of team is likely to offer efficient response when under the control of a...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)

...Insert of GIS applications in civil engineering Q1: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) I an emerging technology with increasing range of applications in spatial data analysis and integrations. The use of GIS has been of great importance in aiding decision making at various levels. One of the areas where the tool has been used is in physical planning and analysis. Various GIS software has been developed to help in modeling landscapes and allocation of various factors of development through spatial organization. As a specialist in GIS, I can use the application in many different but beneficial ways to help spur the development and help restore the crude spatial organization that has taken root in the city and beyond her borders... . The...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Civil engineering

...of the grand challenges in engineering today is the restoration and improvement of urban infrastructure. Urban transport and other fundamental life supporting systems are facing a challenge related to the increasing urban population. Moreover, the infrastructure in many cities is slowly aging and failing as a result. It is necessary, therefore, that the urban infrastructure, which supports the life of more than half of the population on a daily basis is modernized (Agrawal and Dill, 83). Civil engineering, being involved in designing and construction of structures is a major player in this process. As the growing population continues to stress the transport, water...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Geographic Information Systems

...Geographic Information Systems al Affiliation Geographic Information Systems Geographical information system refers toa set of hardware, software, information, individuals organizations and institutions that are tasked with the responsibility of data collection, storage, analysis and dissemination. This data concerns areas and aspects of the world and related processes. The technology has enabled people and authorities to solve problems that would otherwise be disastrous (Fu & Sun, 2011). This paper explores the application of GIS in solving an environmental problem. The...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Civil engineering

....Evaluation of the impact of that parameter may help to reduce the negative economic burden and environmental impact of the project. As data analysis takes place the Civil Engineer should be to determine the permits required for the retail project. (Plummer, F. 2007) The final stage is the incorporation of the collected information in the overall retail project plan, design and layout. STAGE TWO OF RETAIL SITE DEVELOPMENT Various aspects affecting the project are considered and modifications done. Finally implementation and evaluation of each decision should be according to the law. (Meckler, M & Hyman, L. 2010) References Meckler, M & Hayman, L. (2010). Sustainable On Site: Design,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Geographic Information System on a civil engineering for FREE!

Contact Us