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noted that all children develop through all these stages with a childs understanding of the world changing as a child moves from one stage to another. In his study, Piaget was able to prove that choices that people make in life are dependent on the developmental stage that a person has reached (Pressley and McCormick, 2007). This is after the psychologist proved that because children and adults think differently, the choices that people make depend on whether an individual is still a child or an adult. Certainly, Piagets theory of human development has significantly influenced the choices I have made in life. I have particularly used Piagets child intelligence and thought process to guide for pursuance of education as the ultimate means of succeeding in life.
For instance, I did not take education seriously during my childhood days. To me, everything was normal because I used to think mostly in an abstract manner. In fact, I used to find it difficult going to school since I did not view education as something important in life. Such thought process continued until middle adolescent when I began to learn of the importance of education in the present day society. Piagets findings can explain the sudden change in my thought process. In this case, Piaget demonstrated that, once an individual has reached the formal operational stage, the individuals moral decision-making process is refined (Van Blerkom, 2008). Similarly, I began to realize the importance of education upon reaching at adolescent stage.
Nevertheless, as much as I was aware of the importance of education, the fact that I still had childhood thinking prevented me from studying hard. However, as soon as I approached 16 years old, I realized that, for me to succeed in life I have to study hard and obtain good grades. Otherwise, my life will be a misery. My understanding of the importance of studying hard to perform well in class can be explained by Piagets developmental stage theory. In this regard, Piaget
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After a brief introduction to the basic premises of Cognitive Development Theory, this paper will compare and contrast the approaches of Piaget and Vygotsky to intelligence and its developmental stages. Classroom applications will be considered. Not all cognitive development theories are alike, but they do share some basic premises.
This research aims at comparing and contrasting Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson work on child psychology. Development psychology has undergone many changes since the beginning of the 20th century. Most early theorists influenced the field of psychology significantly. Notable theorist whose impact determines child psychology and early childhood education are Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson.
He wrote a short paper at the age of eleven which acted as the very beginning of his career as a researcher. He pursued studies in natural sciences and in 1918, he obtained a Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Neuchatel (Cherry 1). He would call himself a genetic epistemologist as he was determined to discover the roots of different forms of knowledge.
Piaget pointed out that knowledge is not ready made. Each of us is continually creating our own knowledge - we are continually organizing what we know, structuring and restructuring our knowledge. In prospect, Piaget notes that knowledge is basically operative, meaning it is about change and transformation, and it consists of cognitive structure.
This principle relies on the assumption that a child assimilates certain facts/concepts from the environment and internalizes them according to his own cognitive structure (Wood, 1998).
Piaget believes that children develop cognitive structures on their own via the processes of adaptation, accommodation and assimilation.
Many theories regarding development in humans today are categorized as to whether the theory is more on the inherent characteristics of a child, also known as the nature aspect, and as to whether the theory involves the nurture aspect, or environmental factors that could affect human development.
The first stage of Piaget’s cognitive growth is the sensory stage. The children learn through motor or reflex actions in which their thoughts are drawn from sensation and movement. The second stage is the preoperational stage which the children
The XX century has given an impulse for development of all the spheres of human’s activity, and the science of psychology is not an exception. The raising interest to the development of the personality resulted in originating of a new direction in psychology – developmental psychology. The most prominent scientists in this field are a Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget and an Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud, into whose activity we will now investigate.
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