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Research has demonstrated that both the curriculum and performance based assessments played key roles in the development of individual skills among learners with the latter use, known to create awareness among the students and teachers thereby offering an avenue for more lessons. This also creates a system of consistent follow-ups as a track tool for the performance and academic development (Shinn, 1989).
Performance assessment is a system in which students demonstrate that they have acquired mastery of specific skills and that they have competencies in a specified field by way of performing certain tasks (Espin, 2012). In view of this, students are gauged based on their achievements on a rather unconstrained response to a significantly rich stimulus resource material. This kind of assessment gained favor from a number of high profile individuals in the united state in the late 1980s with some advocating for a replacement of the traditional multiple choice assessments (Espin, 2012).
Despite the extensive campaigns to have the system adopted by institutions of learning, it dealt a blow as efforts to have it installed were marred as it failed to capture an imminent role in so far as achievements of tests in schools is concerned. This was attributed to the fact that it failed to meet the threshold of standard-based accountability.
Curriculum- based assessments on the other hand is a system of continuous monitoring of students’ daily progress in an academic setting through direct evaluation of their academic skills. This can be used to measure the student’s progress and achievements in written expression, spelling, reading and arithmetic (Lee & Owens, 2004). While conducting this kind of assessment, the instructor administers certain timed samples and academic materials that are taken from the curriculum based measurement. When such probes are given to students, they are subject
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National income accounting enables the governments have tangible information on accounts such as income received by domestic and foreign workers, total revenues earned by local companies, spending on sales and income taxes by individuals and corporation in the country.
Student who are unable to see are referred to as “totally blind.” These students are compelled to use Braille to facilitate their learning processes. For those with less than 20/200 vision or a limited degree of view i.e. 20 degrees, they are referred to as the legally blind.
There are various forms of assessments that include both traditional and alternative assessments (David, 2009). Traditional assessments refer to evaluation methods that have been used for a long time and are continuously being used. On the other hand, alternative assessments refer to various evaluation tools and procedures that attempt to replace the existing traditional assessments based on the flaws experienced (Mary, Janet, & Troy, 1999).
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The need for authentic assessment has thus emerged as an attempt to progress in the field of both testing and teaching.
Darling-Hammond, Ancess, and Falk (1995) noted that one of the problems with conventional testing is poor content coverage. Testing conducted on students covers only a narrow range of the student's cognitive skills and is largely detached from real life situations.
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The customers were put into the deal and were to make purchase for the mobile of phones at exorbitant prices and later get paid for their money that they spent on the transaction. The business as well went an extra mile and was lent cash to enable it to expand
A strategic plan looks into all the small things that a company could do then narrowing down into further smaller areas of specialization that are required for the solution of existing problems
Strategic planning involves a