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Quantitative Review - Article Example

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This research study attempted to explore the causes of inability to complete secondary education as well as the getting involved in criminal activities in early adulthood. The factors considered to be leading to such outcomes are the psychiatric diagnosis, adaptive functioning…
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Quantitative Article Review
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Quantitative Article Review of the of Quantitative Article Review Summary This research study attempted to explore the causes of inability to complete secondary education as well as the getting involved in criminal activities in early adulthood. The factors considered to be leading to such outcomes are the psychiatric diagnosis, adaptive functioning and symptom count in adolescence. This cohort study was based on the community entailing two counties within the New York. It involves interviewing 181 adolescents during 1983 and a period of 1985-86. These subjects were randomly selected in 1975 using area sampling of families representing with children of ages between 1–10 years age. One child from the household was randomly selected. Adolescents fulfilling the diagnostic criteria as well as having number of symptoms one or more standard deviation above mean were entitled to be having a psychiatric disorder. Proportional risks of unfavorable adolescent outcomes and confidence intervals at 95% were calculated for every depressive diagnosis, psychiatric diagnosis, anxiety diagnosis, substance abuse diagnosis and disruptive diagnosis.
The outcomes revealed that the adolescents with anxiety, depressive, disruptive and substance abuse disorder were found to be 2.86-2.91 times more likely to experience failure in completing secondary school education as compared with young adults without psychiatric disorders. Young adults with disruptive disorders were found to be 4.04 (1.96–8.32) times more probably to get in difficulty with police during early adulthood as compared to those without disruptive disorders. The positive prognostic value of every psychiatric disorder measure for not completing school was greater in the lowest SES stratum and for adolescents criminal involvement was greater for boys. The combination of age, gender, symptom counts and social class within a logistical regression model conceded 87% specificity and 89% sensitivity at p≥0.13 cut off for forecasting succeeding school non-completion. Future criminal involvement on the other hand when tested at the optimum cutoff value yielded 76% specificity and 75% sensitivity (Vander et al., 2002).
Going through the given study a novel technique of utilizing various symptoms of psychiatric disorders for predicting not completing school education and the involvement of adolescents in criminal behavior was analyzed. The overall model used was significant and required professional skills to handle as the sample was quite large. However since the study involved two areas of similar geography, it can be expanded to geographical units located farther from each other. Moreover the study entailed a considerable period so the validity of the results is ensured. This study provides various implications as the topic is quite interesting and the results may be used in training the young children if they possess the symptoms of psychiatric disorder to mould their attributes towards more positive outcomes and increased chances of completing education. It can be utilized for conducting future studies intended to clarify the benefits and risks of the application of one size fits all testing criteria in contrast to the application of dissimilar measures of screening or cutoff values depending upon the socioeconomic circumstances or gender of the child, although the given study utilized similar measures of screening.
Vander, S., Weiss, N., McKnight, B., Beresford, S., and Cohen, P. (2002). Which measure of adolescent psychiatric disorder—diagnosis, number of symptoms, or adaptive functioning—best predicts adverse young adult outcomes? J Epidemiol Community Health 56(1): 56–65. Read More
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