This paper analyses the theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1983 when he published the theory in his book, ‘Frame of Mind’. The basic concept of the theory stems from the ‘Project on Human Potential’, which set the stage for Gardner to come up with a new theory of Multiple Intelligences…
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Before discussing the theory of Multiple Intelligences in detail, let us get a brief introduction of the theorist, Howard Gardner. Howard Gardner was born in the United States in 1943. He got his major education from Harvard University where he studied history, social relations, psychology, and human behaviors. His ideological beliefs and perceptions are influenced by some key figures related to the fields of psychology and sociology. Some of those prominent figures include Nelson Goodman, Jean piaget, Erik Erikson, and Jerome Bruner. Currently, Garner is serving as a professor in Boston University School of Medicine and Harvard University.Seven Intelligences of the Theory Multiple intelligence theory suggests that humans usually have a variety of intelligences that are independent of each other (Marchetti, n.d.). This theory is more humane and veridical as compared to alternative views of intelligence (Gardner, 2006, p. 6). The seven intelligences included in the Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences model are linguistic intelligence, logical/mathematical intelligence, musical intelligence, bodily/kinesthetic intelligence, visual/spatial intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, and intrapersonal intelligence (Bogin, 2012). Let us discuss all of them in detail in order to develop an understanding of key intelligences.This intelligence refers to the use of language to accomplish certain goals. A person can use language to write something, learn something, and to express his/her feelings to others.
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An example of such suggestion is that if a student is quick in learning multiplication or division then he is not normally more intelligent than the one who is weak at learning the same. The theory suggests that the student who is weak at these particular subjects may outstand in subjects other than mathematics or a different approach would best suit the student or he may be learning the subject at a deeper fundamental level, and this type of deeper fundamental understanding of the subject may look like slowness and hide the child’s mathematical intelligence which is potentially high when compared to the one who is a quick learner, despite the later is able to memorize the division process
The theory holds that the tradition understanding of intelligence which is based on I.Q. testing is limited in describing the intelligence of individuals. According to Gardner (2006) the multiple intelligence theory is a diversion form tradition I.Q. view of intelligence which is psychometric and defines intelligence as a person’s ability to provide accurate answers to intelligence tests.
In contrast, he gave the idea, there are many types of intelligence that people can have (Gardner, 1983). According to Gardner, there are typically eight variant types of intelligence. These include one who is great with words called Linguistic; one who is good with math and numbers is called logical; one who is good at movement, sports, and action is called bodily; one who is good with rhythm, music, and tome is called Musical; one who is good at conversing with others is called Interpersonal; one who is good with design and art is known as Visual; one who is good at understanding both nature and world is known as Naturalistic ( Cherry, 2013) This theory has seen much criticism over time fr
It also describes how students possess different kinds of intelligences and how these intelligences can be recognized as a part of the student’s personality. This book also describes how curriculum could be developed
Gardner’s theory renders the conventional means of judging an individual’s intelligence by means of specific IQ tests meaningless in that they are only a tool to measure one or two of the numerous shades of
The author suggested that these intelligences existed in everyone; this challenged the traditional view that there were only two types of intelligences, and this has given a new perspective to cognitive sciences. Gardner referred to intelligence as 'the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one cultural setting.
Gardner illustrated seven issues for intelligence behavior: unique developmental progression, presence of savants, prodigies or other exceptional individuals, supported by psychometric results or experimental psychology, brain isolation potential due to
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