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Discuss the concept of multiple intelligences as proposed by Howard Gardner and how this applies to online learning - Assignment Example

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Multiple intelligence Name: Institution: Introduction: Multiple intelligences is a theory developed by Howard Gardner that differentiates intelligence into seven different modalities and criteria for behavior which he considers intelligence. Gardner model of intelligence identifies bodily - kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic musical - rhythmic, visual - spatial, verbal – linguistic and logical – mathematical to be the seven different criteria of intelligence and intelligence acquisition (Davis, Christodoulou, Seider & Gardner, 2011)…
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Discuss the concept of multiple intelligences as proposed by Howard Gardner and how this applies to online learning
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Multiple intelligence Introduction: Multiple intelligences is a theory developed by Howard Gardner that differentiates intelligence into seven different modalities and criteria for behavior which he considers intelligence. Gardner model of intelligence identifies bodily - kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic musical - rhythmic, visual - spatial, verbal – linguistic and logical – mathematical to be the seven different criteria of intelligence and intelligence acquisition (Davis, Christodoulou, Seider & Gardner, 2011). He later added moral intelligence into the list thus making them seven behavior criteria. The theory does not therefore view intelligence as subjugated by one general ability. The theory dismisses the belief that intelligence is one central concept with universal applicability. In his theory, Gardner posits that learners possess different abilities and must therefore specialize in the different branches of knowledge since each learner possesses a unique merger of intelligence. Logical mathematics refers to the mathematical abilities of a learner to reason critically and mathematically through calculations. Learners with such abilities should learn from the concepts before details, with their skills and interest the learners make better investigators and teachers. Linguistic criteria on the other hand refer to the ability of the learners to use their speech effectively to influence others. Such learners can write and speak more eloquently than others do tools available for such include multimedia, books and lectures. They make good journalists and public communicators. Intrapersonal skills are basic and refer to the individuals identifying their own skills and interest. Such learners are shy and avoid social gathering. Effective learning should develop the interest in the learners and help them develop their personalities. Students who possess interpersonal skills are social and learn more by interacting with others. They are active participants in groups and develop strong communication and interpersonal relations. Another criterion in the theory is musical which refers to the learner’s sensitivity to sound and rhythm. Such learners possess unique abilities and can learn more effectively with music in their background. Identifying such helps, the teachers develop effective lessons by turning the course concepts into lyrical formats with the view of improving their understanding and mastery. Such students are also sensitive to the sounds in their environment and develop investigative skills. They may become musicians or music producers among many other professional choices. Bodily kinesthetic is yet another criteria referring to the learners ability to use their bodies in the learning process. Such learners like practical lessons such as experiments or sports. Finally, visual spatial refer to the learner’s attentiveness to the physical space. Such learners like modelling, drawing filling jigsaw puzzles among other space oriented concepts. They make better architects and civil engineers. Gardner’s multiple intelligence concept is fundamental in online learning, a new technological learning concept referring to distant learning. In such a learning environment, the learner interacts and accesses the learning materials and lessons through the internet. The teacher and the student do not interact physically implying that the teacher has no direct physical control over their students and class rooms. In such a unique environment, the learner is in control of his or her learning environment (Waterhouse, Fall 2009). The learners choose the courses they pursue and manage their timetables without the coercion of the teacher, as is always the case in schools and colleges. In such an environment, Garner’s concepts are relevant in identifying the students’ potential and developing their interests into becoming relevant professionals in the society. As stated earlier, online learning requires effective understanding of one’s personality and abilities. Gardner explains this thus dividing intelligence into the seven or eight fundamental concepts on which a learner can identify and develop a personality and profession. Through effective self-evaluation, a learner identifies his or her strengths and interests thus applying for a course that helps develop the same (Jones, 2010). With effective self-evaluation, the learner assesses his or her performance thus motivates himself to work harder in the lessons. Unlike in a physical classroom where a student may consult a teacher and seek guidance in some of the vague concepts, the online learning environment is different since consultations are costly and the teacher may not always find the time to interact with the numerous students effectively. The learners therefore work on their own by carrying out extensive researches both on the internet and in libraries with minimal guidance. Such require motivation and interests that is only achievable is the student does not feel coerced by any factor into committing to a course they do not understand. In retrospect, Gardner in his theory calls for effect self-evaluation of the learner in order to develop their intelligence in their areas of interests. Such honest self-evaluation is equally fundamental in online learning where the distance between the learners and the teachers is a hindrance to the effectiveness of the learning process. The learners in such platforms tailor their classrooms as they deem fit a feature that demand that a learner invests only in an academic area of their interests. This way, the learning process becomes productive and easier for both the teachers and the students who are miles apart and cannot therefore sustain interactive consultations. References Davis, K. Christodoulou, J. Seider, S. & Gardner, H. (2011). "The Theory of Multiple Intelligences", in Sternberg, Robert J.; Kaufman, Barry, The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence, Cambridge University Press, pp. 485–503, Jones, P. H. (2010). Introducing Neuroeducational Research. New York: Taylor & Francis. Waterhouse, L. (Fall 2009). "Inadequate Evidence for Multiple Intelligences, Mozart Effect, and Emotional Intelligence Theories". Educational Psychologist 41 (4): 247–255 Read More
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