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Atypical Development - Essay Example

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Problems that impact on the child’s capability of concentrating are attention problems; this does not signify outside influences, which…
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Atypical Development In childhood, there are three kinds of atypical behaviors that is attention, internalizing and externalizing problems (Halla-Poe, 2003). Problems that impact on the child’s capability of concentrating are attention problems; this does not signify outside influences, which impact a childs capability of concentrating; rather, they are internal disorders. This includes ADD, ADHD, as well as Conduct Disorders since they impact the physical capability of a child to concentrate their attention on the given task while maintaining their attention span. These disorders affect the students capability of functioning at school, as well as other students capabilities of functioning inside the school, as well.
Those children suffering from ADD or ADHD are in most case disruptive in the classroom, while, at the same time displaying behavior problems, which are capable of making the school experience hard for everyone concerned (Turner, 2003). Nonetheless, there is a high possibility of effectively controlling and managing these disorders’ symptoms with appropriate treatment. On the other hand, Conduct Disorder varies from both ADD and ADHD since the patterns of behaviors observed happen to be more deviant, as well as antisocial in nature while having high degrees of aggression, as well as delinquent acts. The treatment for these disorders comprises of drug therapy, together with behavior modification therapies with drug therapy for ADD and ADHD including drugs such as Modafinil and Ritalin. Conversely, the best way of treating Conduct Disorder entails treating individual symptoms, as well as sub-disorders while finding proper disciplinary actions, which encourage prosocial behavior so as to redirect negative behavior into prosocial behavior.
The second category of problems is the internalized problems, which happen when the child concentrates their deviant behaviors onto their self. Issues connected to this problem genre comprise of eating disorders, adolescent suicide and depression. In this case, the child has depression which has an impact on the developing child through impacting their capability of performing their day to day tasks, by holding their energy level, as well as through their chronic sad mood. In treating depression, various forms of treatment is applicable; in some cases, it is helpful to apply light or color therapy and in other cases whereby the depression has a connection to seasonal mood swings (Halla-Poe, 2003). There are instances like in this scenario, whereby psychological counseling tends to be helpful in helping to address the key issues causing the depression. The externalizing problems are the final genre ; these are deviant behaviors, which the child directs outwardly to other people and include delinquency, extreme aggression, as well as defiance. In this case, treatment tends to be based on psychological counseling, in addition to behavior modification therapies.
In this scenario, the child is suffering from attention, internalizing and externalizing problems hence his behavior, which include constantly drawing, sleeping, or daydreaming; poor reading comprehension skills; constant frustrations and easily giving up on academic tasks and constantly going to school late, is friendly but has remarkably few friends while has difficulty sitting still in a chair. Although these atypical behavior problem genres tend to be extremely devastating to the child undergoing them, the child’s family also gets affected so much (Turner, 2003). Atypical behavior problems are capable of creating tension, together with emotional strain in the family; therefore, in order to resolve the situation, there is a need for treatment for both the child suffering from the disorder, as well as the family that is all those affected by the disorder under consideration.
Halla-Poe, D. (2003). A Matrix Model Approach for Children With a Typical Behaviors. Chicago: Llumina Press.
Turner, L. (2003). Advanced Psychology: Atypical Behaviour. New York: Hodder Arnold. Read More
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