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Some students may be very dormant while others may be fully involved, hence lack of accountability and equal participation which, are the basics of cooperative learning. Unlike cooperative learning whereby individual student performance is monitored publicly, in group work, the overall outcomes from the group is what matters most even if one of the students did not get the concept of the learning activity, hence cooperative learning is more efficient than group work (McCafferty et al, 2006).
Activities that can be done in cooperative learning groups includes; teacher identifying a specific topic with different subtopics. Under the subtopics, each student is given a task to research on and finally presents it in their cooperative learning groups as the other students listens to the posed ideas and clarifies on any issue that is not clear. Through this, all the individuals gain from the learning activity. Another cooperative learning activity is modelling of a structure like maybe an urban planning landscape, whereby each student is given a different component of the landscape to incorporate into the whole landscape model. After each student has carried out their task, all the students are responsible and accountable of the final model of the urban landscape. In addition, a student may be given an area of expertise to teach the whole class. Through this, the student teaching gains as much as the learners through what he or she has taught (McCafferty et al, 2006).
A good example, in an elementary class, grade one, where shapes are the best method of introducing geometry in mathematics, cooperative learning can be incorporated to the students learning. In a class that is meant to go for an hour, students can be divided into four groups with five individuals each. Each group is to be assigned a shape like circle, triangle, square and rectangle. A
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The conclusion from this review states that cooperative learning, as a classroom management approach, clearly promotes higher-order thinking, especially when used in mathematics and science subjects. If educators teach their students to perform tasks productively in groups or teams, the outcomes can be a quite dynamic and creative environment.
The sporting events, classroom environment, home setting and social circle are all embedded with the concept of competition in one way or the other. Children, as a result, perceive the competitors as their rivals. They tend to build negative behaviors and attitudes towards others in their aim to compete and win.
Qualities of effectiveness and efficiency of an approach are indicated by the level of retention, capacity to keep learners interested for long periods, and the overall performance of learners in analyses of their learning experience. There are two main approaches to learning which are the cooperative learning approach and the individualistic or competitive approach.
In this manner, this literature review exemplifies the most essential aspects of cooperative learning.
Cooperative learning is hailed as a successful teaching strategy wherein small teams, which are having students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject.
Cooperative learning therefore is the 'instructional' use of small groups to propagate the idea of students working together for shared tasks and goals. The idea is relatively simple. The class is first assembled into groups and then assigned tasks. The groups are expected to accomplish those tasks till all the members of the group understand to task and complete it.
Learning includes academics, training and further encompasses the physical, cognitive, emotional and social development of every individual.
Learning activities combined with an instructional sequence produces various kinds of acquisition of
She should also present solutions which will show her conflict management skills and leadership abilities.
My experience is with a man who felt threatened that a woman was being promoted because she was a
However, after taking the Professional Staff Development and Evaluation class with other teammates, I have realized that this is not the case. They are various critical areas in schools and educational institutes that need special care. During the meetings with
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