Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Class Size And The Improvement Of Academic Performance - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Primary school pupils can achieve academic success only if they are taught in a small class. The prime purpose of the paper "Class Size And The Improvement Of Academic Performance" discusses the impact of class size on the academic performance of students…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.4% of users find it useful
Class Size And The Improvement Of Academic Performance
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Class Size And The Improvement Of Academic Performance"

Primary school pupils can achieve academic success only if they are taught in small Primary school pupils can achieve academic success only if they are taught in small class
The impact of class size on the academic performance of students has been a matter of discussion for educationalists and scholars for quite some time now but the responses are quite varied and contradictory.
The first argument put forward by those who believe in the effectiveness of small class size is that reduced class size also means less noise and disturbance. In addition is the benefit of increased individual attention. When there is less disturbance and more personal attention, teachers get adequate time to promote classroom discussions. However, the only problem is that these claims are just hypothetic in nature. In other words, there is no empirical evidence to prove this case.
On the other hand, data availed from the National Assessment of Educational Progress proves that evidence is to the contrary. To illustrate, it was found that there was no significant improvement in the knowledge of students in reading, mathematics and science though the class size fell by 27% between 1969 and 1997 (cited in The influence of class size on academic achievement). In addition, there was a decline in certain subject areas like science. However, it is not possible to totally believe these results. This is so because in small classes, dropout rate will be much lower as compared to big classes (ibid). In fact, dropout often results in higher class-average test scores as the dropouts are often the low-scoring pupils. When small classes are formed, teachers and school authorities take care to avoid student dropout. Thus, the low-scoring ones take test along with other students and result in reduced class-average test scores.
However, though rational, this claim is limited by the fact that there is no empirical evidence to prove the case. In fact, it becomes difficult to gather accurate data in this connection because the academic performance of students is influenced by a large number of factors other than class size. Some such factors are family background, language and financial status. In order to make an effective analysis of the impact of class size on academic performance, all other factors need to be kept static.
The only study that tried to do so was the STAR study (Ehrenberg, R.G. et al 2001). The study took efforts to keep other factors like the quality of teaching static throughout the study. Then, it was found that there was an improvement of 0.2 standard deviation or more (ibid). Other studies like the California study and the SAGE study too provided similar results. While the California study only showed a meager rise in performance, the latter exhibited considerable improvement. However, before reaching a conclusion, it becomes necessary to answer the ‘Asian Paradox’ too.
Zorpette (2001) reports in the study named ‘The Asian paradox: huge classes, high scores’ that despite the huge size of classes, students in Asian nations like Japan have much higher scores in mathematics and science than their European and American counterparts. The scholar makes the observation that while the American and European schools totally rely on ‘reward and punish’ system to keep students focused, the Asian teachers are capable of utilising the element of self-reflection (ibid). In other words, students are given a chance to lead their class, and the feeling of group identity is developed successfully. In addition, Asian nations are marked by the presence of strong family bonds and absence of cultural and linguistic diversity (ibid).
From the discussion, it becomes evident that small class size is an insignificant factor in comparison with various other factors like teaching methods and cultural background. In other words, small class size leads to better performance only when teachers manage to effectively utilise the opportunity to improve interaction. However, it is possible to improve academic performance by improving classroom practices and family and social situations.
Ehrenberg, R.G et al, 2001. Does class size matter? Scientific American, 285 (5), pp. 78-85.
The Influence of class size on academic achievements
Zorpette, G. 2001. “The Asian Paradox”. In Does Class size matter? Scientific American, 285 (5), pp. 78-85. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Read the case studies to finish the essay within title of primary”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Read the Case Studies to Finish the Essay Within Title of Primary)
“Read the Case Studies to Finish the Essay Within Title of Primary”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Class Size And The Improvement Of Academic Performance

Class size and student learning

All the same, those that approve of the shrinking of class sizes fight for the benefits that it could have on the success of students within these smaller classes. The greatest benefit of shrinking the size of classes is that students would be able to receive more one-on-one communication with the teacher. The teacher will have the opportunity to understand the academic strengths and weaknesses of each student (Chen, 2008), which can help them find and use various methods to help them teach. After the subject has been taught, if a handful of students are still unable to grasp the topic, the teacher will be able to find more time to address the needs of each individual student. This could prove to be especially beneficial to at-ri...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Optimum Class Size

... perform superior on analytical questions dissertations than students in large classes underlining group activities. Outline This paper examines the effect of class proportions on introductory accounting pupil performance within the perspective of a dynamic learning setting. Class group actions were applied as an essential part of the education environment in both small and large divisions. This paper analyses the studies conducted by academics and argues for the thesis statement. An investigative look into the conclusions of academics and scholars reveals that thesis statement is in fact true and proven. Academic Evidence The subject of class size and its influence on student knowledge has been a time-honored debate across institutes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Performance Management System Improvement

...? Performance Management System Improvement Performance management can be defined as a process involving management, identification,measurement and development of an organization’s human resources. Performance management is conducted to ensure that the productivity by the employees is maintained after their employment. To enhance the performance of the employees over time, it is considered important to evaluate their output to increase the efficiency of the organization (Warner, 2002). In essence, the employees’ output is figured out and ways to improve the performance level formulated. The obtained results after evaluation are used to improve on the organization’s output, effectiveness and efficiency over time. An organization generally...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Leadership for Performance Improvement

...Leadership for Performance Improvement Personal and Organisational Context It has been said that in order to be effective, one must be affective. This has important implications for the modern day organisation which is run on the basis of a plethora of experiences that comes from various kinds of people who serve various goals. (Silberman, 2006) In order to tie these people up together, there is a need to focus on the fact that any action needs to be affective first in order to be effective. This is where entrepreneurial orientation comes in. It has been described as a process that integrates personal and organisational goals so as to form a common value base. (Dolasinski et al, 2002) This act in itself will help in garnering better...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Performance Improvement Program

...International Assignment Services - PricewaterhouseCoopers Hong Kong Limited Performance Improvement Program Introduction In the present day business environment which is highly competitive, the contribution by the employees of an organization is of vital importance for the success of the organization. The success or otherwise of any business entity depends largely on the performance of its employees. Hence it becomes crucially important the organization measures the performance of its employees and employ necessary Performance Improvement Plans to improve the productivity and efficiency of the organization. "Performance appraisal is a vital component of a broader set of human resource practices; it is the mechanism for evaluating...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Class Size and Academic Performance in 4th Grade Elementary Schools

...Running Head: SIZE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ELEMENTARY Size and Academic Performance in 4th Grade Elementary Schools [Writer's Name] [Institution's Name] Class Size and Academic Performance in 4th Grade Elementary Schools Abstract This paper discusses how class size and academic performance in 4th grade elementary schools are inter-related. A through study is conducted and analyzed to obtain exact facts and figures in order to make a neutral decision. Finally, results obtain explicitly illustrate that a smaller class size has a drastic improvement on the student's grades. Research and Methodology This paper's research has been conducted using primary and secondary research. Although most of the data consisted of pre-conducted...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Academic Plan for Improvement

Wishes, Fear, and the Plan
This paper will examine three of my academic wishes, which include studying, staying focused, and adopting a health-sleeping schedule. In addition, it will discuss my fears and obstacles including my children staying focused, illnesses during study times, and my responsibility of my family that may affect my sleeping schedule. Lastly, it will discuss the way forward to a fruitful study life.
Undeniably, there is no one-study method that suits everyone and leads to excellent grades. The students have unique parameters that enable them to adopt the right study habits to allow them save on time and the agony of studying the last minute. I have a wish to get good grades by the end of this course. To m...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Performance Improvement

...Performance Improvement Introduction Today nations give great emphasis to their healthcare sector knowing that a healthy population is the basic criterion and an engine for economic growth. For this reason, economically developed countries such as US and UK make huge budgetary provisions toward meeting their health care costs. According to a Forbes report by Munro (2014), the annual US healthcare spending hit $3.8 trillion in 2014. In spite of mounting healthcare costs over the years, the US health sector is still struggling to ensure enhanced patient experience and great patient satisfaction. Evidently, there is a weak link between healthcare spending and patient experience. In this context, it is advisable for health organizations...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Performance Improvement Evaluation Approach

... Assignment, Human Resources (HR) From the research-based performance improvement evaluation approach by Richard F. Gerson, I learned that about the current systems, change is innovative. The approach is concerned with the assessment of the learner improvements in business or any other work setting that the course focuses on. Many organizations embrace the objective of making changes that will improve the satisfaction of the customer (Richard, 2009). The approach evaluates the difficulties that exist in the accomplishment of change and performance improvements in organizations. It takes time for an organization to meet objective meet its objectives. Thus, the approach is devoted to carrying out daily assessment and monitoring...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

The Effects of Class Size on Academic Achievement

...). Smaller class size ensures better and closer relationship between the students and the teachers. This close relationship ensures proper understanding of the syllabus for the students, hence better academic achievement, and it also increases students’ understanding in the studies. Small class size has more influence on the academic achievement of young children who may not be able to learn on their own and constantly require teachers’ guidance. Teachers also finds it much easier to understand better and to recognize their students’ strength and weakness and work towards improving their academic achievement. Moreover, large class size, especially in high school has an advantage in being lively owing to there being diverse characters full...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover

Most of these developments, not surprisingly, have come from communities of scholars focusing on their own particular countries or regions, be it the US (for example, Arthur, 1994; Delery and Doty, 1996; Huselid et al., 1997), the UK (for example, Brewster, 1999; Guest et al., 2003), elsewhere in Europe (for example, D’Arcimoles, 1997; Lahteenmaki et al., 1998; Roderiguez and Ventura, 2003). The difference in perspective on the value of people in organizations and the validity of HRM, particularly in non-Western Countries may be best understood in terms of the concept of locus of human value (Jackson et al., 2003). Jackson et al. (2003) came up with a conceptual map of international organization and human resource management...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Measures of an Effective Organizational Performance

Social capital has an important role in the goal-attainment of actors through the support of relationships. Actors could either be individual people or groups such as firms and other organizations. In groups, the social relations matter most between, and not within, the groups (ibid). Apparently, it cannot be discounted that within the group and individual has social capital in associations between people, yet then the significant actors are the members of an organization, not the organization as a whole. Like physical and human capital, social capital also demands investment to construct.
Entrepreneurs and managers nowadays are venturing into the realm of social capital because of two important elements that trail with it, w...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Using Self Efficacy to Increase Staff Performance

The methodology section of the paper makes use of the qualitative narrative storytelling approach and two separate interview sessions (one among the managers and the other among the selected employees) are employed as the primary research designs for the purpose of the study. The major themes derived out of the interviews are elaborately discussed and analyzed in Chapter 4. The conclusions of the study show that there exists an interrelated relationship between the self-efficacy of the staff and the leadership approaches of the managers or employers. The better the effectiveness of the leadership, the greater is the productivity of the workforce in an organization. The factors that contribute to the growth and development of the w...
37 Pages(9250 words)Thesis

The Most Important of the Five Performance Objectives for an Operation Such as Jaguar

The study will include materials from academic sources on operations management and information and data from the company website to facilitate understanding and analysis. Most importantly it is a study that will reiterate the importance of operations management and the strategic role of operations in a challenging business environment. To understand the history of how Ford acquired Jaguar let us go over the following paragraph:

The Jaguar to Ford history: Jaguar began designing and manufacturing automobiles in the early 1920s. Over the next few decades, Jaguar grew into one of the leading European status symbols of wealth and style. Unfortunately, this status symbol became tarnished as the quality of Jaguar vehicles be...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Weight Control as a Key to Self Improvement

To date, some 38 million Americans are “significantly heavier” than average, and because of this fact alone are targets for societal and institutional prejudice. People who are judged fat are discriminated against at work, school, in acquiring access to public accommodations, in applications for insurance, and access to adequate medical care. (Angier, 2005)

Many people take the words “obese” and “overweight” to mean the same thing. Actually, they are not. Overweight refers to an increased body weight (not necessarily increase in body fat) relative to height, above that which is generally accepted as a standard. (Capella University, 2004). Obesity, however, is “defined simply as...
16 Pages(4000 words)Thesis

Evaluation of Performance of a Bank Using Published Accounting Data

...Table of Content Introduction: 2 Background 3 Thesis ment 4 Main Body 4 Conclusion 6 Limitations 7 Recommendations 7 Bibliography 8 Evaluation of Performance of a Bank Using Published Accounting Data Introduction: Banks are the global industrial powerhouses1 and they have introduced very complex and risky products and services. During its operation, every bank is exposed to credit risk, liquidity problems, interest risk, market risk, operational and management risk.2 The collapse of banking industry severely influences the world financial system, which means that it is very important to evaluate the performance of the banks. There are different parameters based on which performance of a bank can be evaluated such as financial management...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

The Companys Performance in Society

Microsoft’s flagship product, Windows, is the standard operating system for any IBM PC. There are alternatives such as Linux or Mac OSX however Microsoft’s Windows has remained a dominant force in the market. This has given the company a high degree of recognition as people become accustomed to the system's procedures and processes. It can be very difficult for some people to make the leap from one operating system to another.
Since Microsoft’s inception in the 70s, they have grown from strength to strength. There estimated current revenue is $53.4 billion showing the enormous achievements of this company. This familiarity between product and customer has been solidified over the years as people have been ex...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

What to Consider in Structure-Conduct-Performance Model

The best possible outcome for SA is when it plays L while SS plays U and the best possible outcome for SS is when it plays L, and the other plays U. These outcomes (L, U) and (U, L) are difficult to achieve. This is because these strategies are not dominant for both. There is an incentive for one player to deviate.
If the prices are decided every week then the strategy would change in terms of the components. For the repeated games, the Nash equilibriums of all the sub-games are the same as the equilibrium of each one-shot game. The number of components in the strategy would increase because of the repetition of the game (both would still play L, L) however the pay off associated with the game would be increase by times of th...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Performance Management Process: General Electric

General Electric (GE) is considered as the most successful multinational organization in the world.  It is known for peculiar strategies, practices and management patterns, specifically instrumented by its erstwhile CEO, Jack Welch.  According to Welch, the performance-driven culture is the basis for all success at GE. Jack Welch is one of the toughest leaders who has played a vital role in removing bureaucracy and bringing positive change in terms of performance evolution, vitality curve, training and development facilities, etc.

According to Campbell et al, performance is a behavior or action meant to achieve the organization’s goals, which can be measured (cited by Latham, Sulsky & MacDonald, 366)...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Can One Size Fit All When It Comes to Global Accounting Standards

The practice of reporting accounting techniques and a company’s accounts has therefore to be the most homogeneous for a series of reasons, but mostly to facilitate and improve the transparency of markets. These are two main issues in what relates the international financial reporting practices: the homogeneity of these practices and the key actors to which this convergence matters most; the international users of accounting reports. One can argue that the more transparent and homogeneous these international reporting systems are, the more transparent markets become and the process of investment internationally is eased.

Despite the necessity of a highly integrated and converged international reporting system, it s...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Class Size And The Improvement Of Academic Performance for FREE!

Contact Us