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They include advocacy, constructivism, pragmatism, and post-positivism. The purpose of this paper is to assess a researchers’ world view and explain how it influences the approach to research.
Makoe, Richardson, and Prince (2008) represent the post-positivism philosophical world view. Post-positivism world view, also known as the scientific method of research deals with reduction research i.e. it reduces ideas into small variables that are used to test the theory and the sample subject. This world view is used to generalize population through qualitative research using a large number of samples. Thus, the research done by Makoe, Richardson, and Prince (2008) used qualitative research to find out the conceptions of adult students embarking on distance education.
One assumptions of post-positivism stated by Creswell (2009) are that knowledge is conjectural. This means that the truth can never be found in research, and that is why researchers nullify the hypothesis. For instance according to Makoe, Richardson, and Prince (2008), there is no consensus about how the conceptions of learning can be characterized and whether they constitute a developmental hierarchy. Another assumption according to Creswell (2009) is that data, evidence and rational considerations shape knowledge. This means that the researcher collects the information based on observations or from questionnaires filled by the participants. From the article, researchers collected data using a 60-item questionnaire which were mailed to students taking preparatory courses by distance learning.
According to Creswell (2009) in quantitative method of research, researchers reduce ideas into small variables, which they use to formulate questions and hypothesis. In Makoe, Richardson, and Prince (2008), researchers used the information they collected to come up with a hypothesis that all adult learners taking long distance education hold distinctive conceptions of learning; hence they
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Crossen (1996) identifies three conflicts of interest which are recurrent in research. The interests are the sponsor’s, the media’s and the researcher’s (p. 20). It may not be wrong to assume that long gone are the days when the results of researches can be thought of as true and factual.
According to Lev and Sunder (1979) the extensive use of financial ratios by both practitioners and researchers is often motivated by tradition and convenience rather than resulting from theoretical considerations or from a careful statistical analysis. However, this statement of Lev and Sunder have gained criticism as well as praised by different scholars and analysts as in their research Lev and Sunder were able to identify different issues of using financial ratios.
Even with the numerous studies on Corporate Social Responsibility, there is yet to be in place empirical evidence on the precise link between CSR and business performance, this gap is what the study seeks to fill. 1.2 Purpose of the Research State the purpose of the study.
Therefore, a completely mathematical interpretation of the theory of probability may impair the scope of this subject as a whole, whereas a philosophical treatment would culminate at more logical but diversely interdisciplinary implications. In this essay, the frequentist view of probability will be compared and contrasted against the subjective view of probability.
The Principal Barriers To Secondary Analysis Of Qualitative Data and Why Researchers Pursue The Approach?
Secondary analysis of data is the investigation by researchers who may not have been involved in the primary data collection. The purpose of such an analysis is also different from the purpose of those who were involved in the original data collection.
Taking this lead, researchers, schools, colleges and the labs are taken to be a major or key customer. A survey is conducted on the key customers by employing a questionnaire which has both qualitative as well as quantitative questions in them. The results are subjected to both quantitative and qualitative analysis and the deductions are presented here.