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Alternative European Educational Approaches: Montessori and Steiner - Essay Example

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The essay 'Alternative European Educational Approaches: Montessori and Steiner' provides a detailed analysis and comparison of two different education systems adopted in Europe - Montessori, a pedagogical program developed in the first half of the 20th century by an Italian teacher and physician Maria Montessori, and the Steiner pedagogical system, founded by a German doctor of philosophy Rudolf Steiner…
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Alternative European Educational Approaches: Montessori and Steiner
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Download file to see previous pages Montessori approach and the Steiner approach are two educational approaches that teach children. Both came from Europe and teach children in a calm, non-coercive manner. They also provide safe, enticing, and entertaining learning environment to children. Another similarity is both educational approaches respect and believe in the capabilities of children. However, there are differences in the two approaches in terms of curriculum, teaching styles, teachers’ profile, the focus of studies, and other aspects.
Montessori Approach was developed by Dr. Maria Montessori in the late 19th century. Dr. Montessori coined her Montessori schools as “Children’s Houses”. These “houses” are the schools and facilities that provide well-planned and safe surroundings wherein children can learn and appreciate what they have learned. Moreover, these facilities are deemed to inculcate to every child the values of harmony, concern for the environment, and intercultural appreciation.
According to Montessori Centre International, the principles behind Montessori education are grounded on the concepts of liberty and self-progress combined with the different practical approaches. In this type of educational approach, children are considered to be able to understand the lessons taught without difficulty if they are provided with appropriate activities at the appropriate time. Montessori aims to teach children to be educated and spread peace in the world (Coulter, 1991, p.3). The main goal of the Montessori approach is the natural progress of children of which the dormant physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of human beings are brought out and developed based on a meaningful life (Miller, 1997, p. 160).
Montessori approach believes in the innate intelligence of children which includes all aspects such as mental, empirical, spiritual (Edwards, 2002). Montessori Method of education focuses on training children in a holistic approach which includes children’s rational capacity, ability to interact with others, physical development, emotional security, and spiritual stability (Montessori Centre International).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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