Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper explains how special education programmes can help in preparing students for the adult world. Special education programmes play a very significant role in improving the academic performance of students with disabilities, it is also important for these programmes to equip disabled students with skills, to help them face the challenges of the adult world. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world"

The paper explains how special education programmes can help in preparing for the adult world. Although, special education programmes playa very significant role in improving academic performance of students with disabilities, it is also important for these programmes to equip disabled students with skills, to help them face the challenges of the adult world. This can be done if an effective transitional planning has been charted for the student in school.
As per the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), transition planning is required to be a part of the Individualised Education Program (IEP). By the time the student turns 15, the first IEP that is designed must include student’s need for transition services. The plan must be documented for regular revision and annually upgraded. Moreover, students must be actively involved in all educational meetings whenever transitional planning is discussed. (Special education, 2008)
Thus, it is imperative to have planning activities right from elementary school so that by the time students reach middle school, they are ready to explore their interests. Early planning will enable students with disabilities to think about what they aspire to be when they become adults. By the time, they reach adulthood they will be ready to explore post-secondary employment options. This may include contacting adult service agencies that will guide students about services when they graduate or turn 22 years of age. (Special education, 2008)
However, transitional planning is not about seeking the right employment opportunities alone. It also refers to the transition period when the student moves from the comfort zone of a secondary school to a post secondary setting. This is an important stage since the disabled student becomes aware of his/her learning disability and learns to manage it. The student slowly assumes the responsibility and learns to be independent through the help received from the transition team in school (Ness, 1989). The student learns to practise self-advocacy so that he/she is able to articulate the effect of disability on her performance and consider the pros and cons. This will enable the student to make his or her own decisions and thus play an active part in determining their career goals.
A special program that helps disabled students prepare for challenges in the adult world is the program at the St.Louis Special School district (Administrator, 2007). The program was founded in 1978 and includes 20 businesses organisations and school districts. The teacher who initiated the program realised how the disabled students struggled with the inability to transfer their academic skills into the real world and how few students got the opportunity to gain hands-on experience at work. Adding to the concern was the perception that disabled students were unemployable, which limited their chances of getting employment. In collaboration with many businesses, the program helped disabled students study as well as work as volunteers at various places like nursing homes, community centers and universities. These experiences gave them the chance to explore work options with potential employers.
Moreover, the experience also helps them receive instruction on conducting job searches, learning appropriate work behaviour and personal and social skills. They are encouraged to pursue a high school diploma and at the same time identify jobs that match their career aspirations. Teacher, employees at the work serve as supporters for these students and provide inputs on their work performance.
The program has been of great use to disabled students since statistics show that many disabled students remain unemployed and become unproductive because of the lack of skills to survive in the adult world. How a disabled student will fare in the outside world depends on their knowledge regarding events, facts, procedures outside school, mastering various skills required to function in various settings and the ability to use a variety of devices, support and services to help him or her deal with daily events (Patton and Dunn 1998).
Special education programs, hence, prepare students by helping them overcome their shortcomings and equip them with the necessary skills to function as successful individuals in the adult world.
1. Special education (May 2008). Transition from school to adult life. Updated May 2008.
2. Ness, (September, 1989) The High Jump: Transition issues of learning disabled students and their parents. Academic therapy Vol 25, No.1,
3. Administrator, April 2007. Helping the disabled prepare for adulthood: St Louis Special school district/Missouri
4. Patton J and Dunn C, (1998). Transition from school to Young Adulthood Basic concepts and Recommended Practices, Austin, TX:PRO-Ed, Inc.
The paper explains why gifted students need special education. It explores the various measures used to teach gifted children and identifies the benefits of education with same age peers or with older students with similar intellectual, academic interest.
According to the Qualifications and Curriculum authority, gifted children can be defined as those who exceed expectations in either one or all subjects. It also states that it is difficult to identify one distinguishing factor determines being gifted and talented since it goes beyond performing well in examinations. However, gifted refers to top 5% of school population in academics and talented to the top 5% in other subjects. In secondary schools the terms apply to 40% of pupils and cover a wide range of academics as well as extracurricular fields like expressive arts, sport and music (NLT).
Educating gifted children can be a bit complicated since they need to be constantly motivated and nurtured to perform their potential. They need to be given consistent challenges and the struggles which otherwise may lead to dwindling interest in academics and other activities. Schools also try to accommodate needs of gifted students and one of the effective ways of teaching gifted children is through cluster groups (Winebrenner and Barbara 2003-04). These cluster groups would include five to six exceptionally gifted students who work together in a class with other students of average or below average intelligence. Though it is popularly believed that gifted children must be taught along with other students, research has showed that gifted students tend to benefit from working in cluster groups. (Allan, 1991; Feldhusen, 1989; Fiedler, Lange, & Winebrenner, 1993; Kulik and Kulik, 1990; Rogers, 1993). This will enable them to keep up their motivation levels and also inject a sense of competitive spirit since they will be competing with students with similar potential.
Besides, there are also Programs for Exceptionally Gifted Children (PEGS) such as St Louis Regional Program for exceptionally gifted students. An alternative to the classroom, the programme provides an accelerated, challenging academic program and opportunities to pick up social and emotional growth skills. Students from grade 1 through 12 are selected made on the basis of IQ tests, classroom examinations and academic performance.
The idea for the program germinated a decade ago when a student, Jamie, entered kindergarten in the Lindbergh School District in suburban St. Louis. The teacher soon realised that she had the IQ of a five-grade student. However there was a problem. Placing her in fifth grade would cater to her academic needs but her motor skills and attention span were that of a typical five year old. The case was brought to the notice of the school district that later decided to form a special school for gifted children like Jamie and eventually PEGS came into existence (Wikipedia).
There is a wide range of educational services for gifted children to suit their capabilities. While some schools are operated by school districts, private entities or universities, there are other schools which provide accelerated curriculum in one area and a less advanced curriculum in other areas such as mathematics, engineering or humanities (Dixon, Moon 2005). In some cases like early college entrance academics, some students are taught a curriculum which would be usually taught to older students. Apart from academics, there are schools that focus on drama, arts or music. There are also schools for students who are vocationally inclined or identified as bright students with learning disabilities.
In a class, it is up to the teacher to ensure that the gifted children are occupied and are receiving the right kind of academic experience. Often teachers make blunders in turning gifted children into tutors for weaker students or saddle them with work to keep them busy. (Davidson, 2003). Instead teachers can allow students to explore accelerated curriculum by permitting them to attend classes with students of their developmental level instead of peers. This will create more learning opportunities for students, which in turn will fuel their growth and development in the right direction.
1. QCA
2. National Literacy Trust
3. Winebrenner, Susan- Devlin, Barbara (2003-04) Cluster Grouping of Gifted Students: How To Provide Full-Time Services on a Part-Time Budget. ERIC Digest. Taken from
Allan, S. (1991). Ability grouping research reviews: What do they say about grouping and the gifted? Educational Leadership, 48(6), 60-65. 
Feldhusen, J. (1989). Synthesis of research on gifted youth. Educational Leadership, 46(6), 6-11. 
Fiedler, E., Lange, R., & Winebrenner, S. (1993). In search of reality: Unraveling the myths about tracking, ability grouping, and the gifted. Roeper Review, 16(1), 4-7. 
Kulik, J.A., & Kulik, C-L. C (1990). Ability grouping and gifted students. In N. Colangelo & G. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of gifted education, pp. 178-196. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. 
Rogers, K. (1993). Grouping the gifted and talented. Roeper Review, 16(1), 8-12. 
4. Sullivan Susan, Rebhom Leslie, (2002). PEGS: Appropriate Education for exceptionally gifted students, Roeper Review
5. Felicia Dixon, Sidney Moon (2005) Handbook of the Secondary Gifted Education. Prufrock Press Inc.
6. Program for Exceptionally Gifted Students wikipedia
7. Davidson Institute For Talent Improvement (2003). Tips for Teachers: Successful Strategies for Teaching Gifted Learners. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world Essay”, n.d.)
Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world Essay. Retrieved from
(Special Education Programmes in Preparing Students for the Adult World Essay)
Special Education Programmes in Preparing Students for the Adult World Essay.
“Special Education Programmes in Preparing Students for the Adult World Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world

The Positive Affects of Arts Education for Special Education Students

...? The Positive Effects of Arts Education for Special Education Education 30th September, The Positive Effects of Arts Education for Special Education Students The importance of art education has become a debate around the world in the field of education. In the education field, various educational programs which focus on cognitive development and creativity building of individuals have gained much attention. Researchers in the educational field are endeavoring to find out ways to devise an effective and interactive system of education for children with special needs. They are not only striving to find out the impact of arts education on students with special needs but also on students with no special needs. The realization... cognitive...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Preparing Principals for Leadership in Special Education

...Preparing Principals for Leadership in Special Education Leadership within special education consists of crucial and special educational faculties, facilities and approaches. The leader who is the principal must address the needs of the special education student, educator and management of the school. Managing the needs of a special education student conforms to different attributes upon comparison to the needs of a non-special needs student (Palladino 1). Additionally,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Special Education

...? Special Education Corse: Introduction The article “Can 20% of schoolchildren really have Special Needs? No, says SEN coordinator” is an article discussing the nature and status of specific education needs students in the United Kingdom. In this article, Garry Freeman (2012) tackles two major issues with regard to special education. The first issue that he tackles is the belief and the accusation that schools in UK are overstating the number of special education students in their school in order to get more funding from the government. This assumption and accusation...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Special education (special needs students in regular classes)

...Teaching Children with Attention Deficit Disorder This website offers a nice look into the different signs of ADD/ADHD, which is good for any teacher, as they should be able to pick up and monitor these signs. It also lists a bunch of creative strategies in dealing with children with ADD/ADHD. Teaching Strategies for Students with ADD This site offers many different links, which all offer tons of information about the different teaching methods that have been used. All off these methods have been found to be highly effective, and are of great use to us as teachers. Top 10 Tips for Teaching...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Adult education

...are provided: - Programme 1: Local Studies - Programme 2: Community Studies - Programme 3: Computer Studies Students on the degree may choose to follow either the Local Studies Program or the Community Studies Program or the Computer Studies Program. It is not possible to attend modules from all the three programs, except where Common Modules are offered. The inter-disciplinary nature of the program means that various University Departments have responsibility for module delivery. 1. Local Studies: Participating Departments - History, Geography, Ancient Classics, , Language Centre, Sociology, Anthropology, Adult & Community...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Discussion borad about special education students

...Discussion Board about Special Education Are we doing a good job of creating opportunities for our s to learn to "problem solve" in our school environments? Do you think we are creating individuals who want immediate access to information and for that information to be spoon fed to them rather than creating individuals who, if they do not know the answer to something will exhaust all avenues independently in order to locate the information? Personally, I believe the effect of technology on education has spurred significant changes in the way students perceive problem solving, in general. Most practitioners maintain a reactive stance to various scenarios and the way majority respond to dilemmas or pressing situations are mirrored... by the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Transition Plans for Special Education Students

...Transition Plans in Special Education Jennifer Redford Brandman EDUU 688 Transition plans in special education: Do school districts practice student-centered collaboration in the student transition planning process? Annotated bibliography Article 1: Michaels, C. and Ferrara, D. (2005). Promoting post-school success for all: The role of collaboration in person-centered transition planning. Journal of Education and Psychological Consultation. (16.4): 278-313. DOI: 10.1207/s1532768Xjepc1604_4 The authors aimed at evaluating person-centered-planning and its effects on collaboration and transition planning. They achieved this through review of existing literature on “the role of collaboration in transition planning, promoting self... topic on...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

General Education Teachers Preparedness to Teach Special Education Students

...General Education Teachers Preparedness to Teach Special Education General Education Teachers Preparedness to Teach Special Education Students Effective educators require both special education and general education training. This means that these teachers must be properly educated in their fields on how to work collaboratively and provide an effective learning platform or environment for their students. It is essential for general educators to receive training on how to become effective...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

General Education Teachers Expectations of Special Education Students

...General Education Teachers Expectations of Special Education GENERAL EDUCATION TEACHERS EXPECTATIONS OF SPECIAL EDUCATIONSTUDENTS Majority of states in the US have implemented standards-based reform in some form over the last decade. These states have restructured their systems of education dramatically under a common mission to ensure all students are held to high learning standards, seeking to demonstrate greater accountability for the results of their students (O’Connor, 2010). Although, for the main part, these efforts have resulted in clearer articulation of best practices in the school curriculum,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Special Educational Requirements of the Pupils With Autism in Saudi Arabia in a classroom. The teachers must be provided with adequate training to accommodate such behaviour, thus leading to better integration. Within an inclusive model, the various available therapies for autistic students must be used in order to avail the best possible academic outcomes. The chief aim of the Saudi government should be to create an educational model that would integrate the students with autism within the general classrooms setting while preparing for better social and employment integration, in the future as adults. The government will also have to aim at educating the general educators, while also...
29 Pages(7250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Special education programmes in preparing students for the adult world for FREE!

Contact Us