Gender Differences in Intelligence - Term Paper Example

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The author concludes that gender differences are a biological phenomenon, but despite being natural, genetic, and hereditary, the early childhood development of intellect is largely influenced by the social and cultural environment which yields to experiences to the children of both genders…
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Gender Differences in Intelligence
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Download file to see previous pages Both the maturational and psychoanalytic theories highlight the influence of these internal variables in the development of intellectual acumen and behavior of children in relation to age. From that perspective, early childhood development can be considered to be the expression of inborn predispositions primarily, which is an invariant innate process. According to these theories, a child's learning and intellectual development proceed according to a prefixed biologically dictated plan, which could have been determined by the specifics of genetics at the moment of conception. Therefore individual variations in intelligence and cognitive abilities can be reflections of differences in genetic traits. These theories which emphasize the dominant and determining role of innate and internal biological factors as primary driving forces of early development can be categorized traditionally as the nature side of developmental explanations. There is, however, considerable similarity among young children in the early part of their development when learning and education begin. These are best understood by maturational theories. It can be argued that if changes in children's behaviors and intelligence are conceived to be originating from inborn traits primarily, the role of adults would be to just provide appropriate conditions based on appropriate interpretations (Alloway, 1997). However, theories of education in early childhood are based on the belief that parenting and teaching can have a considerable impact on the course of young children's development, both educational and intellectual (Jones Diaz and Robinson, 2000).
Gender is a significantly important equity issue to be addressed with young children's' development and has consequently been incorporated into educational programmes in early childhood. Over time, research in this area has increased understanding and awareness of the ways gender operating in young children's lives, at least in the early phase of development. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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