Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Gymnastics - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In discussing the motor skills involved in gymnastic pursuits we are concerned with bringing about improvements in co-ordinated actions that lead to skilled behavior. In order for skill in gymnastic activities to be achieved the individual must both have the potential for acquiring the skill and an environment that provides the opportunity in which the targeted skill can develop…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Gymnastics"

Download file to see previous pages Learning, however, is a complex process, the principles of which are not always obvious, thus the need for careful inspection. By examining these principles we will be in a better position to assess how they can be applied to physical education.
Psychology is about theories as to what leads people to behave in particular ways in different situations. Learning and motivation are important aspects of human behavior and have been the subject of much research. From the perspective of motor skills, learning can be defined as a relatively permanent change in ability resulting from experience and training as a progression from simple to more complex, sophisticated movements
Operant conditioning is a psychological technique for modifying behavior that is particularly relevant to how psychology can be helpful to the teaching of gymnastics. The technique is defined as a voluntary response that is strengthened or weakened according to immediately following consequences. Organisms therefore have a tendency to repeat those actions that are reinforced in particular ways that result in a change of behavior. Behaviorism, as this approach to learning is called, is based on those aspects of behavior that are overtly observable. Because behaviorist techniques rely on the observation of explicit actions, they are especially applicable to the teaching of gymnastics.
There are various methods by which a behavior can be reinforced of which the most efficacious has proved to be positive (praise) rather than negative (punishment) feedback. Positive reinforcement are of two main kinds, extrinsic and intrinsic; verbal encouragement or privileges are common examples of the former, whereas the latter applies to self-motivated students who receive a sense of fulfilment at achieving success. As students requiring the most attention are those who tend to underachieve and are not always self-motivated, our concern will mainly be with extrinsic reinforces as these, when used in the right circumstances, have proved to be advantageous in a number of different ways.
An essential aspect of achieving a positive outcome is the breaking down of complex tasks into simpler ones that can be translated into graded steps according to the ability of the student. In this regard, motor skills can be decomposed into a series of simple frames that help to pin-point strengths and weaknesses that can be translated into structured programmes for initiating improvement. Programmed learning of this type allows the trainee to progress at his/her own rate, and permits learning to be facilitated through positive reinforcement of the targeted behavior in that a correct response will be more likely than an incorrect one. Skills can therefore be programmed to advance through structured hierarchies of tasks that progress from the rudimentary to the complex through successive approximation.
In a physical education setting, there are special circumstances to take account of when applying these principles. As individuals are inclined to possess a wide variety of abilities, it is essential that the ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Gymnastics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Gymnastics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(Gymnastics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Gymnastics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“Gymnastics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Chinese Men's Gymnastics Team

.... In this category, Chinese Men’s gymnastics team was the main highlight of the event with large cloud cheering for their favorites. Over the past world competitions especially in Olympic Games, the Chinese Men’s gymnastics team has always been a moving force in gymnastics category due to their stunning performances. The team great performance has been greatly influenced by its credible leaders and talented teamwork. From first team heads LI Ning and Li Xiaoshuang to team leader Xiaopeng and his counterpart Yang Wei, Chinese Men’s gymnastics team has produced commendable results scoping top positions and several medals in the events. For instance, in the Los Angles Olympics held in year 1984 the team was the second run-up by taking...
15 Pages (3750 words) Essay

Portfolio 2500 words Gymnastics-outdoor activities-Dance

... even had to make the cartwheel more difficult, by incorporating it into a routine and also training on a variety of terrains. Outdoor and Adventurous Activities embodies and expands upon my cartwheel example by using physical activity to promote learning, health, and a positive self-image. There are a variety of other resources that use dance to promote education, like a professional dance team, the American Dance Therapy Association, and the Interdisciplinary Learning Through Dance curriculum. Performing a cartwheel requires a certain level of strength, dexterity, and skill. It is seen as a basic tenant of gymnastics, the foundation for more complicated moves. Given the proper training, I think most people could perform a cartwheel...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay


.... Women gymnastics would feature and as expected, the China Women gymnastic team would rock the event (Franks 88). They have previously put some distance on the other contenders in past Olympic Gymnasium competitions. Team goal or task – Level of difficulty In order to recreate the amazing moments that prompted the women gymnastics team of China to be branded exceptional, there ought to be more of what this women team have been doing. This actually calls for perfectionist awareness of the skills needed to be a top contestant in the 2014 Sochi Olympics. The women teams needs medal, and for that golden medal to come by, they know that not only thorough preparations and rehearsals will come calling in the subsequent days but also their bodies...
10 Pages (2500 words) Term Paper

Women Empowerment

...Discussion Women empowerment in various fields, including sports, had become a trend in different regions of the world. One of the evidences to thisfact is extraordinarily established in the growing number of competitive women in the field of gymnastics as accounted by Marshal, et al., 2007; Kolt and Kirkby, 1999; Richards et al., 2007; and Cain et al., 1989. As a matter of fact, regions and countries such as Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and China already have a well founded women's gymnastics (Marshal, et al., 2007; Kolt and Kirkby, 1999; Richards et al., 2007; and Cain et al., 1989). However, as it is the case, there are still places, like Africa, where gymnastics is still limited in some of its facet (Marshal, et al., 2007; Kolt...
5 Pages (1250 words) Research Paper

Sports Marketing Plan

...for established large multinationals. Legal requirements for gymnastics clubs share many aspects in common with regulations and laws covering small and medium businesses, together with industry-specific aspects, such as insurance coverage to shield owners and employees from injury liability, among other things (Kotkin, 2012; Newman, 2012; Mechanic, 2007; K&K Insurance Group, 2009). Demographics Demographic trends include a downward shift in the white majority birth numbers, now constituting less than 50 percent of total new births in the US (Dougherty and Jordan, 2012). As of 2011, out of a population of 313.84 million, 20 percent were 14 years old and below, and about 87 percent were below 65 years old. As of 2007...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Executive Summary - Xtreme Gymnastics

... enthusiasts and former gymnasts. The goal is to come up with a sustainable path for Xtreme Gymnastics moving forward with this differentiation positioning, alongside a credible business plan focused on sustainable and profitable growth (Taylor, 2003). The situational analysis reveals, meanwhile, that the overall macroeconomic and macro demographic indicators point to the continued potential of the American market overall to sustain and nurture business concerns such as Xtreme Gymnastics, offering the kinds of programs that it has outlined (Amadeo, 2012a; Kotkin, 2012; Moffatt, 2012; Newman, 2012). The wisdom of segmenting the market by gender and age is validated meanwhile, by data showing that female children and young people dominate...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Influence of Sports Science Disciplines on Gymnastics

..., and psychological attributes in a routine affecting mind and body. Gymnastic Factors One of the essential performance factors in gymnastics is height. It is essential to note that vertical take-off velocity has the potentiality of determining the height attained in an airborne skill. Some of the factors generating vertical take-off velocity include conversion of the horizontal energy during running or preceding skills, jumping techniques of the athlete, and partitioning of the angular momentum in relation to preceding swinging skill into linear, as well as angular components. Gymnasts need to consider the issue or factor of rotation as one of the elements of the achievement of...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Gymnastics Club

... physically active and stay fit and healthy (Coakley, 2009). And so is the gymnastics. Risk of obesity, diabetes and heart diseases in adulthood can be highly reduced by exercising. For example, as of 2000, one out five children in US had overweight complications (Grant, 2012). Thus enrolling her in the local gymnastics club is not only an action taken to keep the daughter healthy but also a general way of teaching her how to live a healthy lifestyle and maintain her involvement in sports later in life. Social Life Improvement Gymnastics aid children to experience better metabolic processes and also equip them with skills to better handle physical and psychological challenges. Particularly for committed children, gymnastics facilitates...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Modern Sports Prevail Over Gymnastics

... of modern gymnastics originated in the earlier eighteen hundreds by a German patriot whose goal was to inspire solidarity and Germanic pride among the youths. That patriot was a man named Friedrich Ludwig Jahn aka “Father Jahn” and his gymnastics training stemmed from the pursuit of national unity and freedom from French rule. Confident that physical education was key in order strengthen national character and national identity, Jahn used fencing, wrestling, swimming, and throwing, as well as war games which trained the practitioners in war-like scenarios, which was known as Turnen. Even though Jahn developed many of the apparatuses used in gymnastics today such as the horizontal bar, parallel bar, and the pommel horse, his training...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Why and How the Negative Opinions on Boxing Are Justified

..., football and skiing. They argue that out of the 6,057 consecutive sports injuries in 15 years, only 100 were due to boxing; the figures are “skiing 1,784, football 1,320, gymnastics 622, bathing and swimming 523, handball 393, skating 363, toboganning 279, hockey and ice-hockey 135, wrestling 116, boxing 100, athletics 90, cross country running 57, tennis 30, and other sports 245” (Blonstein and Grant 427). As the statistics points out, the efforts to glorify violence in boxing look prejudiced and quite unreasonable. The authors thus repudiate the argument raised by Mr. Brown that boxing should be banned due to its risk elements. However, it can be argued that amateur boxers are better equipped against severe injuries compared... paper on...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Practicing the Backward Roll in the Gymnastics

...Backward roll from stand to stand Table of Contents Introduction 1 Description of Backward Roll 3 Techniques of Backrolling 4 Cueing 5 Safety and Spotting while backrolling 6 Variations of the Backrolling Technique 8 Error Description Error: Reference source not found Detection of the Mistakes 10 Common Mistakes 11 Error Correction 12 Further Improvements 12 References.................................................................................................................................12 Introduction A roll is the one of the most fundamentals of gymnastics. However, there are many variations to the skill. Rolls are quite similar to flips. Both of them require a complete rotation of the body. However, their major difference...
9 Pages (2250 words) Term Paper

Theories of Knowledge

... been seen even in study of behavioral patterns. In normal circumstances people recall personal experiences, a person who attends dancing classes and just observe others while they dance have little to tell from the observation8. In addition, their passive observation may not help them learn gymnastics and body movements. If a person attend a dancing class and participate in making dancing movements with aid of an instructor, such person learnt a lot from single experience as compared to hundred episodes of observing others. Similarly, learning to drive a car has been designed to have theoretical teaching followed by an experimental learning. With the two examples, one can draw two importance of experimental learning. Firstly...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Do You Think Athletes Today Are Better Than Those Of The Past

Also, it is established that the changing ideas regarding the body types and physique required for being an athlete and the increasing popularity and scopes of athletic events are important factors that have improved the performances of the athletes over years.

Athletics is an age-old type of sporting activity that has become immensely popular and common in different geographical locations across the world. Athletics competitions and events can be broadly segregated into three forms which are the national championships, the international championships, and the annual races and meetings. Over the last few years, it has been noted that the established records of the previous athletes have been rapidly broken by the new e...
8 Pages (2000 words) Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Gymnastics for FREE!

Contact Us