Nobody downloaded yet

Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The objective of the following research is to compare the application of various learning models and teaching approaches. The researcher claims that appropriate strategies for learning have to be chosen in order to yield good results among the learners…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies"

Download file to see previous pages According to the Alternative Educational Resource Organization, a democratic approach of education is one whereby students or learners have the autonomy in scheduling their daily actions and that there is no impartiality and undemocratic decision making among the students and teachers. (Bennett, 2001)
A prescriptive approach is one whereby students are presented with the course outline of what they will learn and what they are expected to do. It involves student getting their learning results from what the teachers are saying and from the existing literature that is prescribed by the teacher or the instructor. In essence prescriptive approach is a strategy where the students rely heavily on what their teachers will say and the literature they are directed to use.
The differences between the two approaches are the freedom given to the learners to make decisions. We find that in a prescriptive approach there is no excellent environment for learning because students are supposed to do what their tutors do without any alteration. Students are always forced to do activities that they are not comfortable with because there is no interaction between the teacher and the students hence the morale of the students is always low and tend to perform poorly in their course work. While in a democratic approach there is greater interaction among the students themselves and between the students and their teachers thus opening avenues of generating new knowledge and it is likely that students will be satisfied with the outcome. Another difference is that in democratic approach a lot of emphases is directed to the generation of new knowledge while in the prescriptive approach students are required to gain from the instructions of their teachers and from the existing literature or textbooks. An example of a democratic strategy is the use of debates and an example of a prescriptive approach is the use of lectures as ways of learning. (Fraser, 1996)
This strategy involves dividing the students in class into a various grouping that will represent certain points of view on the identified issue which is always the most compromising subject. In the division of groups, they are those who support the argument, that is the proponents or those for, and those who oppose the issue referred to as those against or the critics. Students can involve themselves in the debates through character or even assuming different roles. An example of an issue to be subjected to debate may be, Does globalization leads to prosperity or impoverishment One group of the students will be expected to support the argument that globalization brings prosperity while the other group is expected to take a stance against globalization that it brings impoverishment. Debates can lead to a generation of new knowledge because by arguing it out a point, there is an opportunity of integrating ideas and hence conclusions arrived at being useful in the learning process. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies Research Paper”, n.d.)
Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies Research Paper. Retrieved from
(Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies Research Paper)
Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies Research Paper.
“Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies

Prescriptive & Emergent Strategies

...?Reflective Journal The research acted as an eye opener with regards to the different approaches to strategic planning. I realized that merely havinga plan does not guarantee that an organization will accomplish its goals. Prescriptive strategic planning does not allow an organization to integrate the learned elements in to the organizations operations. This is one of the significant aspects that demean the usefulness of the approach to strategic planning in the current economic climate that undergoes continuous change. The research has led to the realization of the importance of maintaining flexibility in the implementation of strategy. The emergent approach to strategic planning can help an organization to cope with changes... in the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Instructional Strategies

... projects and elaborate on them when required. His should ensure that the student achieves the desired results without injuring or compromising their projects. Conclusion For effective and proper learning the above strategies should be included in the prescriptions highlighted above. This would enable the middle school science students perform well in their science projects after a proper guidance by their teachers. References Gary R. Morrison, Steven M. Ross, Jerrold E. Kemp, Howard Kalman (2010). Designing Effective Instruction. Wiley publications Gibson B. J. (2005) Learning for a Purpose. Michigan: Medleys publishers... Topic: Lecturer: Presentation: Introduction The learning environment for should be well enhanced to motivate and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Instructional Strategies Concept

...?Running Head: INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES CONCEPT Instructional Strategies Concept Introduction This paper isabout discussing primary challenges faced by an instruction designer during instruction development process with reference to the Denny Clifford case study. Denny Clifford is an instructional design consultant who created a large variety of instructional materials. He agreed to work with Dr. Cynthia for designing an instructional material with a list of suggestions and delivery method of the same. However, according to the study, Clifford, the experienced instruction...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Instructional Strategies Concept Paper 2

...? Instructional strategies al affiliation Instructional strategies Teaching facts Teaching facts are prescriptions provided by tutors to learners based on logic that can be proven beyond reasonable doubts (Jackson, 2008). The author also points out teaching facts are mostly provided for in the teaching curriculum (Jackson, 2008). The provisions of teaching facts are given to guide teachers to provide reliable information and facts to students. In this particular case, teaching facts in a Middle school science project is crucial in providing reliable arguments to the students. At this stage, students tend to capture the basics provided to them by their tutors. For this reason, tutors at the middle school level are sensitized... developing a...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Instructional Strategies for ELL Classrooms

...Running Head Instructional Strategies for ELL rooms Instructional Strategies for ELL rooms Second language learning involves different methods and techniques which help a teacher to design learning process and meet needs and objectives of the subject. Comprehensive input means that students should understand the information and facts presented to them. In this case, a teacher should choose and select words and phrases understandable for a certain age group. A certain attention should be paid to small learners and students at the elementary school. Comprehensible input implies that the teacher, rather than the hearer controls the comprehensibility. With input, the focus...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Instructional Planning and Strategies

...Instructional Planning and Strategies INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES Instructional Strategy is a type of learning strategy that teacher applies in their classrooms to transform the required information and knowledge into their students. This method also helps the students to learn the instructions of teachers more effectively. There are mainly two types of Instructional Strategies that are commonly used for classroom environment by different teachers, Co-operative Strategy and Collaborative Strategy. (Goleman, D. 1998) CO-OPERATIVE...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Instructional Strategies

.... There are a variety of categories and disciplines we could address but here our main concentration is on the possible usefulness of the DIRECT INSTRUCTION (DI) method of teaching in today's classrooms. According to the Baltimore Curriculum Project fact sheet (1997), "DI is an embracing model in instructional strategies which is filled with carefully structured and edited lessons that are backed by texts and worksheets." In DI the educator works with a group of students who are performing at roughly the same level. Through exceedingly careful organization, direction and pacing a rapport is formed with the students that facilitates the creation of a healthy, interactive learning...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Instructional Strategies Concept Paper

...objective about his job. Denny was used to a clearly defined learning objective and having a vague instruction is giving him difficulty in doing the job. 2. Summarize at least three (3) instructional strategies that would be appropriate for this case.  Before drafting any instructional strategies, Denny has first to be acquainted with the epistemological framework of which Cynthia Oakes operates – which is the constructivist approach. Constructivism is ongoing meaning-making through authentic engagement- remains a useful idea for learners and instructors at all levels of educations and training (Reiser & Dempsey, 2012). This is to ensure that they...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Prescriptive & Emergent Strategies

...INTRODUCTION Companies in the current corporate world need to develop strategies which comprise series of decisions and plans developed focusing on achieving the company goals and objectives. All forms of organizations require strategic plan to ensure that they achieve the set objectives whether they are small or large. Strategic management is a core aspect of an organization and comprises of various approaches adopted in various companies. Therefore to evaluate a strategic plan of a given company, it is important to acknowledge and explore other available alternatives. It is notable that prescriptive and emergent strategic planning strategies are popular and mostly used in various...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Training Manual : Instructional Strategies for Instructional Designers

...Training Manual: Instructional Strategies for Instructional Designers Chapter Concept Maps Strategy Graphic organizers are powerful learning tools. Graphic meta-cognitive techniques are used in improving learning. One of the most important graphic organizers is the concept map. A concept map enables students and teachers to organize their concepts, in addition to determining the association between the concepts (Dempsey, 2004). The map allows students and teachers to work with the propositions and concepts instead of the rote memorization of facts. Description of Concept Maps as an Instructional Strategy Concept maps are generative and evocative. They play a crucial role in evoking prior knowledge, in addition to constructing... or...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Democratic and Prescriptive Instructional Strategies for FREE!

Contact Us