There are many strategies that the educators use to analyze child-adult language interaction. For example, when adults participate in the games that children play, for instance, adults identify natural openings in the children’s game and join in at the child/children’s physical level. Or when adults converse with children as partners, for example, an adult should identify an opportunity and approach the child for a conversation on the activities that the child/children are engaging. Another strategy might be the use of encouragement, as opposed to praise i.e. the adult should make use of specific comments and objectives that encourage children to develop their descriptive language by thinking about what they are doing. Context Archer is a preschool age child with nice and gentle manners. Usually he does not talk much to teachers, but he is popular among his peers. He often plays in the home corner, and likes to dress up as a fire fighter. He does not communicate with his teachers much, even if he needs anything, he waits until teachers ask him if he needs anything. At the craft table, the children were drawing. Archer, who is 3.4 years old, drew a big oval shape on his paper. He drew little square shapes on the oval then folded the paper and put it in his bag. He went to play with the toys on the other side of the room. I sat next to him and asked him questions about the artwork that he had just done. My conversation with Archer Me – Archer, I was watching you when you did your drawing.
What did you draw? Archer – I draw a rocket. Me – Can you tell me more about your rocket? Archer – Because I have a giant rocket at home. I have to drive it properly because I have to look at the instruction, because I don’t want to bump anyone. Me – So you are going to be an astronaut and fly in your rocket all by yourself. Archer – No, mummy and daddy and my blue sheep, they are going with me. Me – Where are you going to go on your rocket? Archer – To Fiji. Me – How long is it going to take you to get to Fiji in your rocket? Archer – 3 minutes, cause I am very fast. Me – Only you are going to drive? Not your daddy? Archer – No, I am going to drive, daddy don’t have the instructions. Me – So only you know how to drive? Archer – Yes, cause I beeped the horn and the people go out of my way and I can drive through and I can get out of gate with special key. Me – Do you have a special the key for the gate? Archer – Mama and pa (grandparents) have the special key. They gave me a special sticker. Me – Why did they give you a special sticker? Archer – Because they put it on my hand. Mama and pa coming with me. Me – Is your rocket big enough to take so many people? Archer – My rocket is huge. It’s like a dinosaur, cause it’s got spiky bits at the back like a dinosaur. Me – Where did you get such a big rocket? Archer – Cause I got the money to go on holiday Me – Where do you keep your rocket? Archer – My rocket is from the garage. Me – Is the garage big enough to keep you rocket in there? Archer – Yes, my garage is huge. I can put car and rocket in there. Me – What color is your rocket? Archer – It’s orange. Me – Do you think rockets are usually orange color? Archer – No, but mine is orange, I painted it orange. Me – Did you paint it by yourself, or did someone help you? Archer - Mummy and daddy help me. Me – Now tell me, when are you flying to Fiji? Archer – I fly tomorrow. I am going to take some sausages and