Perceived Stress and Coping Mechanisms of Middle and High School Principals in the Workplace University Name Perceived Stress and Coping Mechanisms of Middle and High School Principals in the Workplace Introduction Being a principal is quite a stressful job…
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In addition to these long hours, there is a constantly increasing demand from administrative bodies that are placed upon school principals which causes even more exhaustion. This often results in declining physical and mental health (Brock & Grady, 2002). Principals are responsible for the well-being of hundreds of students, taking into consideration the special abilities and needs of some students. The role of the principal is not an easy task. They lead what amounts to small businesses or corporations that are rated based on their productivity, of in the case of educational institutions, test scores. Today, even more more mades are being added to this already lengthy list of expectations for principals. Add to that a mountain of paperwork and meetings, queries and complaints from parents, playground and lunchtime duties, and there is certainly the potential for for even more stress than one can handle. In a recent study conducted by Tomizan & Waldon (2004), it was discovered that many school principals were so stressed by the pressure of their jobs that nearly half have work-related medical problems. This study revealed that eight out of ten principals experienced high levels of stress, with the ‘unnecessary paperwork’ and managerial nature of their job being the biggest concerns. The survey that was conducted found a conflict between the way principals see their role as educators and the reality of having to be a manager. They have to contend with high levels of internal conflict between what they consider to be their primary responsibility - creating a quality educational environment for students - and the demands placed on them by the department. The study also uncovered that nearly half the principals surveyed had a medical problem linked to work, with the most common being weight control, heart disorders and headaches. Most principals, however, tend to ignore their health problems and often returning to work without having fully recovered from various illnesses. Some said the job robbed them of time with their families, and some admitted they often found it difficult to maintain a fully satisfying relationship. This particular study also pointed out the reality that nearly half of all principals are some type of medication directly related to the stress of this career (Tomizan & Waldon, 2004). All of this information makes it plausible to assume that the stress levels endured by principals is at an all-time high and is only going to increase in the near term. Background Study Related to Stress Stress has become a part of the job description for most school principals. According to Selye (1974) who coined the term, stress is “the nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it, whether it is caused by, or results in, pleasant or unpleasant conditions.” (p. 74). The theories present by Selye have garnered much discussion through the years. Some use the word stress to talk about heartache or loss, or some other less than desirable situation or task that they are forced to encounter. For others, stress is the physical reaction manifested in the form of heartburn, chest pain, or other types of palpitations. Still other consider stress to be what they perceive to be the end result to these physical problems, such as the occurrence of an ulcer or heart attack (Roesch, 1979). In the end, Selye created a new word to better describe
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(Lazarus & Folkman. 1984)The concept of stress survived in twentieth century and convinced by several medical specialists as the major cause of ill health. In 1977 quotes Sir William Osler’s comments regarding stress, “Living an intense life, absorbed in his work, devoted to his pleasures, passionately devoted to his home, the nervous energy of the Jew is taxed to the uttermost, and his system is subjected to that stress and strain which seems to be a basic factor in so many cases of angina pectoris”.
This research investigates the primary causes of stress among first-year high school principals as well as the main stress coping mechanisms employed by first-year high school principals. The study did not differentiate between the principals and their assistants in the investigation on coping mechanisms but causes of stress were investigated differently for principals and their assistants.
Why do teens use self-injury as a coping mechanism? This paper is primarily based on a largely unspoken and hushed issue, regarding the growing incidence of self-abuse or self-injury in adolescents and teens, that is even considered a taboo topic in some parts of the world.
This has not only altered the conventional perceptions of the genders, but has also brought an altogether change in which people behave, act and live. Where this has provided all individuals with increased freedom, it has also resulted in an increase in the causes of stress.
This has in turn caused a performance pressure among school leaders as different aspects of the society increase their expectations from learning institutions. Since the performance of learning institutions primarily depends on the quality of leadership, then it becomes important to evaluate the causes of stress among current school leaders.
Alongside the school, several other schools were started in the area by the same organization. These are Dutchtown Middle School and Prairieville Middle School. However, the school is constructed on the old architectural design. The school is located across the highway at the now Dutchtown middle school.
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and followed by the Late Middle Ages, which by convention ends around 1500. The key historical trend of the High Middle Ages was the rapidly increasing population of Europe, which brought about great social and political change from the preceding era.
As the report highlights the school is located across the highway at the now Dutchtown middle school. There are a number of classes that are offered at Dutchtown middle school even though all the students are encouraged to take the entire four major lessons, which are science social studies, math, and English.
Communication exists between students and teachers inside and outside the school because sometimes, teachers help students in things, issues and concerns outside the academic endeavor. Also, some students have established friendly relationships with teachers. The high preference for feedback from teachers apparently results from students’ positive attitudes and comments about the teachers’ feedback.
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